Annex B. Additional information on demographic and economic context

Table B.1. Total mid-year population, thousands, 1970 to 2020

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Australia

12 843

14 649

17 041

19 066

22 120

25 398

Bangladesh

65 048

81 471

106 189

131 581

152 149

169 775

Brunei Darussalam

130

194

259

333

389

445

Cambodia

6 995

6 692

8 973

12 152

14 309

16 716

China

824 788

993 877

1 172 445

1 283 199

1 359 755

1 424 548

Fiji

521

635

729

811

860

925

Hong Kong, China

3 873

4 915

5 781

6 664

7 025

7 548

India

553 579

696 784

870 133

1 053 051

1 230 981

1 383 198

Indonesia

114 835

147 490

181 437

211 540

242 524

272 223

Japan

104 926

117 827

124 516

127 534

128 552

126 496

Korea, DPR

14 410

17 472

20 293

22 929

24 592

25 841

Korea, Republic

32 209

38 050

42 923

47 386

49 553

51 507

Lao PDR

2 688

3 258

4 258

5 329

6 246

7 165

Macau, China

246

238

344

428

537

652

Malaysia

10 804

13 798

18 038

23 186

28 112

32 869

Mongolia

1 279

1 690

2 184

2 397

2 713

3 209

Myanmar

26 381

33 370

40 626

46 095

50 156

54 808

Nepal

11 998

14 902

18 749

23 741

27 023

30 260

New Zealand

2 818

3 147

3 398

3 859

4 370

4 834

Pakistan

58 091

78 068

107 679

138 523

170 560

208 362

Papua New Guinea

2 528

3 304

4 313

5 572

7 108

8 756

Philippines

35 805

47 397

61 947

77 992

93 727

109 703

Singapore

2 072

2 412

3 013

3 914

5 074

5 935

Solomon Islands

160

231

312

413

528

647

Sri Lanka

12 486

15 036

17 330

18 782

20 198

21 084

Thailand

36 885

47 385

56 583

62 958

67 209

69 411

Viet Nam

43 407

54 373

68 210

80 286

88 473

98 360

Source: UNDESA, 2018, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.

Table B.2. Share of the population aged 65 and over, 1970 to 2020

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Australia

8.2

9.6

11.1

12.3

13.4

16.3

Bangladesh

2.7

3.1

3.1

3.8

4.7

5.2

Brunei Darussalam

3.6

2.9

2.6

2.4

3.4

5.6

Cambodia

2.6

2.7

2.9

3.1

3.7

4.9

China

3.8

4.7

5.7

6.9

8.4

12.2

Fiji

2.2

2.6

2.9

3.4

4.8

6.9

Hong Kong, China

4.1

6.4

8.8

11.0

13.0

18.1

India

3.3

3.6

3.8

4.4

5.1

6.6

Indonesia

3.3

3.6

3.8

4.7

4.9

5.8

Japan

6.9

8.9

11.9

17.0

22.5

28.2

Korea, DPR

3.2

3.6

4.3

5.9

8.7

9.3

Korea, Rep.

3.5

4.1

5.2

7.2

10.7

15.7

Lao PDR

3.1

3.5

3.5

3.6

3.7

4.3

Macau, China

4.7

7.6

6.5

7.4

6.8

11.9

Malaysia

3.3

3.6

3.6

3.8

4.9

7.0

Mongolia

4.8

4.5

4.1

3.7

3.8

4.4

Myanmar

3.8

4.0

4.0

4.8

4.9

6.4

Nepal

2.9

3.3

3.5

3.8

4.9

6.2

New Zealand

8.5

9.8

11.1

11.8

13.1

16.3

Pakistan

3.8

3.8

3.9

4.1

4.4

4.5

Papua New Guinea

2.6

2.7

2.9

3.2

3.4

4.1

Philippines

3.0

3.2

3.1

3.3

4.1

5.2

Singapore

3.3

4.7

5.6

7.3

9.0

15.0

Solomon Islands

3.5

3.1

2.8

2.8

3.3

3.6

Sri Lanka

3.7

4.4

5.5

6.2

7.3

11.2

Thailand

3.5

3.7

4.5

6.5

8.9

12.9

Viet Nam

5.4

5.3

5.7

6.4

6.6

8.1

Source: UNDESA, 2018, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.

Table B.3. Crude birth rate, per 1 000 population, 1980-85 to 2015-20

1980-85

1990-95

2000-05

2010-15

2015-20

Australia

15.6

14.7

12.8

13.3

12.8

Bangladesh

42.2

33.0

26.0

20.2

18.5

Brunei Darussalam

30.7

28.3

19.2

16.7

15.4

Cambodia

50.6

38.0

26.5

24.5

22.7

China

21.6

17.9

12.5

12.6

11.6

Fiji

33.1

28.1

24.0

20.7

18.9

Hong Kong, China

15.3

12.4

 8.4

10.5

11.1

India

35.5

30.0

25.3

20.0

18.7

Indonesia

31.7

24.4

22.0

20.2

18.4

Japan

12.8

 9.8

 8.9

 8.4

 8.1

Korea, DPR

21.7

20.7

16.8

14.0

13.8

Korea, Republic

20.1

16.0

10.5

 8.9

 8.9

Lao PDR

42.9

41.5

29.7

25.5

23.2

Macau, China

21.2

15.1

 7.5

11.3

12.2

Malaysia

31.1

27.2

19.4

17.2

17.0

Mongolia

38.2

27.5

18.9

26.0

22.4

Myanmar

34.4

25.7

24.3

18.7

17.6

Nepal

41.2

37.2

29.7

20.9

19.5

New Zealand

15.8

16.6

14.2

13.7

13.1

Pakistan

42.1

38.2

30.3

29.7

27.4

Papua New Guinea

38.3

34.5

33.0

28.8

27.2

Philippines

35.7

31.9

28.8

24.1

22.9

Singapore

17.0

17.6

11.3

 9.3

 8.7

Solomon Islands

42.4

38.8

35.1

30.8

27.9

Sri Lanka

25.8

19.8

18.6

16.4

14.9

Thailand

24.2

18.2

13.6

11.3

10.0

Viet Nam

31.4

26.7

16.9

17.4

16.2

Source: UNDESA, 2018, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.

Table B.4. Fertility rate, number of children per women aged 15-49, 1980-85 to 2015-20

1980-85

1990-95

2000-05

2010-15

2015-20

Australia

1.9

1.9

1.8

1.9

1.8

Bangladesh

6.0

4.1

2.9

2.2

2.1

Brunei Darussalam

3.8

3.1

2.0

1.9

1.8

Cambodia

6.4

5.1

3.4

2.7

2.5

China

2.6

2.0

1.6

1.6

1.6

Fiji

3.8

3.4

3.0

2.6

2.5

Hong Kong, China

1.7

1.2

1.0

1.2

1.3

India

4.7

3.8

3.1

2.4

2.3

Indonesia

4.1

2.9

2.5

2.5

2.3

Japan

1.8

1.5

1.3

1.4

1.5

Korea, DPR

2.8

2.3

2.0

2.0

1.9

Korea, Republic

2.2

1.7

1.2

1.2

1.3

Lao PDR

6.4

5.9

3.9

2.9

2.8

Macau, China

2.1

1.4

0.8

1.2

1.3

Malaysia

4.0

3.4

2.5

2.1

2.0

Mongolia

5.8

3.3

2.1

2.8

2.7

Myanmar

4.7

3.2

2.9

2.3

2.2

Nepal

5.6

5.0

3.6

2.3

2.1

New Zealand

2.0

2.1

1.9

2.0

2.0

Pakistan

6.4

5.7

4.2

3.7

3.4

Papua New Guinea

5.5

4.7

4.4

3.8

3.6

Philippines

4.9

4.1

3.7

3.1

2.9

Singapore

1.7

1.7

1.3

1.2

1.3

Solomon Islands

6.4

5.5

4.6

4.1

3.8

Sri Lanka

3.2

2.4

2.3

2.1

2.0

Thailand

2.9

2.0

1.6

1.5

1.5

Viet Nam

4.6

3.2

1.9

2.0

1.9

Source: UNDESA, 2018, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.

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