1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2020

Country statistical profile: Finland 2020
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
40 917
 
40 873
 
41 493
 
41 750
 
42 528
 
44 923
 
47 471
 
49 543
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
41 073
 
41 064
 
41 663
 
42 168
 
42 946
 
45 151
 
47 478
 
49 710
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.7
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
-0.4
 
1.3
 
2.1
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.5
 
-1.4
 
-0.9
 
-0.4
 
0.6
 
2.6
 
3.1
 
1.7
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
1.1
 
0.4
 
0.9
 
0.0
 
-0.5
 
-1.3
 
-1.1
 
-1.2
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
3.9
 
-0.3
 
-4.6
 
-1.8
 
0.3
 
8.9
 
4.0
 
3.3
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
Industry including energy
%
22.4
 
20.3
 
20.4
 
20.4
 
20.4
 
20.3
 
21.0
 
21.0
 
Construction
%
6.5
 
6.7
 
6.6
 
6.4
 
6.5
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
16.6
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.0
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.5
 
Information, communication
%
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
Finance and insurance
%
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
Real estate
%
11.5
 
11.7
 
12.0
 
12.3
 
12.7
 
12.8
 
12.7
 
12.7
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
8.1
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
21.2
 
21.9
 
22.0
 
21.8
 
21.6
 
21.1
 
20.0
 
19.9
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-1.0
 
-2.2
 
-2.5
 
-3.0
 
-2.4
 
-1.7
 
-0.7
 
-0.8
 
General government debt
% of GDP
57.2
 
64.0
 
64.5
 
71.3
 
74.6
 
75.1
 
72.8
 
69.1
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
52.6
 
53.3
 
54.3
 
54.3
 
54.0
 
53.9
 
53.0
 
52.2
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
54.1
 
55.9
 
57.2
 
57.7
 
56.6
 
55.6
 
53.7
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.1
 
6.9
 
6.8
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
27.1
 
28.3
 
29.4
 
30.2
 
30.4
 
29.8
 
28.9
 
28.7
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
9.9
 
10.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.53
 
0.53
 
0.54
 
0.59
 
0.55
 
0.44
 
0.42
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
42.0
 
42.7
 
43.6
 
43.8
 
43.9
 
44.0
 
43.3
 
42.7
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
12.3
 
12.5
 
12.8
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.0
 
12.6
 
12.3
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.6
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.7
 
2.6
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
13.8
 
14.1
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
14.5
 
14.2
 
14.4
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.3
 
42.5
 
43.1
 
43.6
 
43.5
 
44.1
 
42.7
 
42.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
39.7
 
40.4
 
39.1
 
37.6
 
36.0
 
36.1
 
37.6
 
39.3
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
38.9
 
38.8
 
38.0
 
36.5
 
35.4
 
34.8
 
37.7
 
38.6
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
1.7
 
1.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
79.3
 
73.3
 
74.6
 
72.5
 
56.7
 
58.3
 
65.3
 
74.0
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
82.6
 
76.5
 
77.8
 
74.4
 
58.8
 
58.3
 
67.0
 
75.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-5.4
 
-7.1
 
-6.0
 
-5.0
 
-3.4
 
-3.1
 
-1.4
 
-3.0
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
29.9
 
31.0
 
31.3
 
30.8
 
27.7
 
28.5
 
30.3
 
34.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
24.5
 
23.8
 
25.3
 
25.8
 
24.2
 
25.4
 
28.9
 
31.7
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-1.4
 
-2.0
 
-1.8
 
-1.3
 
-0.9
 
-2.0
 
-0.8
 
-1.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
133 773
 
151 373
 
145 454
 
116 740
 
94 611
 
108 406
 
122 661
 
127 873
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
89 226
 
96 636
 
88 807
 
93 047
 
81 660
 
79 930
 
89 987
 
71 500
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 552
 
4 156
 
-106
 
18 547
 
2 109
 
8 573
 
2 858
 
-2 425
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
5 016
 
7 546
 
-2 306
 
1 742
 
-16 080
 
23 695
 
-738
 
10 950
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.4
 
2.8
 
1.5
 
1.0
 
-0.2
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
1.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.0
 
2.3
 
1.0
 
1.5
 
0.6
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.3
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
0.2
 
-1.9
 
-1.1
 
-0.9
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
14.6
 
4.1
 
-0.5
 
-1.7
 
-6.0
 
-3.7
 
5.7
 
4.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
6.3
 
2.6
 
0.2
 
-0.5
 
-2.4
 
-2.2
 
2.6
 
3.5
 
Long-term interest rates
%
3.01
 
1.88
 
1.86
 
1.45
 
0.72
 
0.37
 
0.55
 
0.66
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.90
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.90
 
0.88
 
0.88
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
119
 
115
 
122
 
124
 
114
 
112
 
112
 
115
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
35.2
 
34.0
 
33.4
 
34.1
 
32.4
 
33.8
 
33.3
 
34.2
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
0.15
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
9 143.9
 
9 990.7
 
9 912.1
 
10 300.4
 
10 489.2
 
10 612.5
 
11 191.3
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
109.23
 
110.47
 
107.57
 
97.53
 
49.28
 
42.19
 
53.04
 
68.49
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
85.1
 
87.6
 
88.7
 
..
 
89.3
 
..
 
93.5
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
84.2
 
86.8
 
89.2
 
89.8
 
89.9
 
91.9
 
94.4
 
94.3
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
77
 
119
 
109
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
41
 
30
 
29
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
11
 
13
 
14
 
13
 
15
 
14
 
15
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
2 719
 
2 738
 
2 682
 
2 630
 
2 738
 
2 768
 
2 812
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
504
 
506
 
493
 
482
 
500
 
503
 
510
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
55
 
49
 
50
 
46
 
42
 
45
 
43
 
44
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
39
 
40
 
41
 
42
 
43
 
44
 
44
 
45
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
8 401
 
8 590
 
8 803
 
9 305
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
10 087
 
10 323
 
10 377
 
10 482
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
18 182
 
18 046
 
18 018
 
17 875
 
17 591
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
5.1
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.2
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
14.3
 
15.2
 
15.5
 
15.6
 
18.3
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
14.2
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
40.4
 
41.8
 
41.5
 
41.4
 
40.5
 
41.7
 
42.5
 
44.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
82.3
 
82.0
 
81.0
 
80.5
 
80.0
 
79.9
 
80.6
 
82.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
57.0
 
58.2
 
58.6
 
59.1
 
60.0
 
61.4
 
62.6
 
65.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
12.7
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
13.3
 
13.4
 
14.0
 
14.0
 
14.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
13.4
 
13.6
 
13.4
 
14.0
 
14.2
 
14.0
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
17.6
 
18.0
 
17.8
 
18.4
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
17.0
 
16.9
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.5
 
9.4
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.8
 
7.7
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
9.4
 
8.8
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.9
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
7.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
8.8
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
7.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
22.6
 
21.7
 
21.2
 
23.1
 
25.1
 
26.6
 
24.9
 
22.8
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.4
 
3.3
 
1.7
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
0.9
 
-0.9
 
0.8
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 587
 
1 575
 
1 565
 
1 562
 
1 563
 
1 560
 
1 556
 
1 555
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
7 754
 
7 183
 
6 853
 
6 565
 
6 020
 
5 868
 
6 056
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
15.9
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.3
 
15.0
 
14.3
 
14.5
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
5 388
 
5 414
 
5 439
 
5 472
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.5
 
16.4
 
16.4
 
16.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.8
 
18.5
 
19.1
 
19.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.7
 
Foreign population
% of population
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.7
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
7.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
14.7
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
16.5
 
17.0
 
15.1
 
14.3
 
11.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.9
 
6.8
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
8.4
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
6.8
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
13.3
 
13.8
 
15.2
 
17.2
 
18.0
 
19.7
 
17.5
 
16.6
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.6
 
80.7
 
81.1
 
81.3
 
81.6
 
81.5
 
81.7
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
77.3
 
77.7
 
78.0
 
78.4
 
78.7
 
78.6
 
78.9
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.8
 
83.7
 
84.1
 
84.1
 
84.4
 
84.4
 
84.5
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
2.4
 
2.4
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
65.0
 
58.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
67.6
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
16.4
 
15.6
 
15.8
 
14.1
 
13.1
 
13.9
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
36 402
 
34 857
 
34 020
 
33 133
 
33 084
 
36 411
 
38 459
 
39 733
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
76 912
 
76 845
 
76 708
 
76 934
 
77 948
 
69 130
 
79 071
 
79 334
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
54
 
47
 
47
 
42
 
49
 
47
 
42
 
..
 
Last updated: 28 January 2020; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
|
Break in series
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error