1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2020

Country statistical profile: Belgium 2020
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
40 942
 
42 291
 
43 671
 
44 930
 
46 213
 
48 625
 
50 771
 
52 282
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
41 008
 
43 272
 
44 747
 
45 872
 
46 867
 
49 086
 
51 319
 
52 618
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.3
 
0.9
 
0.4
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
0.9
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.7
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
1.6
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
8.3
 
7.9
 
6.6
 
6.4
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
4.8
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
5.2
 
0.6
 
-2.3
 
5.4
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
1.3
 
4.0
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
Industry including energy
%
17.3
 
16.8
 
16.7
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
16.6
 
16.7
 
16.7
 
Construction
%
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
20.3
 
19.9
 
19.6
 
19.6
 
19.5
 
19.7
 
19.3
 
19.2
 
Information, communication
%
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
Finance and insurance
%
5.6
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
Real estate
%
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
12.8
 
12.9
 
13.4
 
13.8
 
14.2
 
14.3
 
14.5
 
14.6
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
21.8
 
22.3
 
22.7
 
22.7
 
22.2
 
22.1
 
22.1
 
22.1
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.3
 
-4.3
 
-3.1
 
-3.1
 
-2.4
 
-2.4
 
-0.7
 
-0.7
 
General government debt
% of GDP
111.6
 
121.0
 
118.6
 
130.5
 
126.2
 
127.5
 
120.6
 
118.0
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
51.0
 
52.2
 
53.0
 
52.5
 
51.3
 
50.7
 
51.2
 
51.4
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
e 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
e 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
28.7
 
28.7
 
29.2
 
29.4
 
29.2
 
29.2
 
29.2
 
28.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
3.6
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.54
 
0.47
 
0.45
 
0.46
 
0.42
 
0.50
 
0.45
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
43.1
 
44.2
 
45.1
 
45.1
 
44.7
 
43.9
 
44.5
 
44.8
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
12.2
 
12.3
 
12.9
 
13.0
 
12.6
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.7
 
11.1
 
10.9
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.9
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
56.1
 
56.0
 
55.7
 
55.6
 
55.3
 
53.9
 
53.8
 
52.7
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
80.8
 
80.3
 
78.5
 
79.0
 
76.4
 
78.2
 
80.9
 
82.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
80.7
 
80.4
 
79.3
 
79.8
 
77.8
 
79.4
 
82.3
 
82.6
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-13.5
 
-12.4
 
-8.8
 
-7.0
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
3.6
 
-0.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
337.0
 
313.2
 
321.4
 
317.3
 
248.8
 
266.9
 
293.5
 
325.4
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
323.5
 
300.8
 
312.6
 
310.3
 
250.7
 
268.9
 
297.0
 
324.6
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
8.1
 
7.1
 
8.5
 
7.8
 
4.7
 
3.7
 
3.4
 
0.0
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
96.7
 
99.4
 
105.1
 
117.6
 
104.3
 
105.2
 
113.7
 
123.6
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
104.9
 
106.5
 
113.7
 
125.4
 
109.0
 
108.9
 
117.1
 
123.6
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-2.0
 
-0.1
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
1.4
 
0.6
 
1.2
 
-1.0
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
419 640
 
465 528
 
554 624
 
582 582
 
599 380
 
706 197
 
586 104
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
486 226
 
482 946
 
496 519
 
520 992
 
517 401
 
556 011
 
524 711
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
78 329
 
6 518
 
25 188
 
-12 392
 
23 536
 
59 185
 
5 149
 
17 088
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
46 413
 
33 834
 
29 480
 
-3 681
 
39 896
 
36 337
 
33 528
 
27 647
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.5
 
2.8
 
1.1
 
0.3
 
0.6
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.8
 
2.2
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.4
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.7
 
3.1
 
3.4
 
-0.4
 
1.2
 
2.2
 
1.3
 
2.2
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
16.9
 
6.1
 
-3.8
 
-6.2
 
-5.8
 
0.7
 
8.2
 
7.1
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
6.8
 
2.8
 
-0.2
 
-2.5
 
-6.8
 
-2.7
 
8.4
 
5.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.23
 
3.00
 
2.41
 
1.71
 
0.84
 
0.48
 
0.72
 
0.80
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.83
 
0.82
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.79
 
0.78
 
0.78
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
110
 
104
 
109
 
109
 
100
 
99
 
101
 
103
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
56.0
 
53.5
 
55.6
 
52.6
 
52.5
 
55.6
 
55.3
 
52.4
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
3 119.8
 
3 364.7
 
3 505.0
 
3 398.2
 
3 664.3
 
3 916.0
 
4 129.0
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
110.50
 
110.83
 
108.45
 
98.49
 
51.65
 
42.06
 
53.01
 
70.57
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
78.9
 
80.3
 
81.9
 
..
 
82.1
 
..
 
85.1
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
76.5
 
77.7
 
80.0
 
82.8
 
81.8
 
84.8
 
86.0
 
87.3
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
5 082
 
e 
5 301
 
e 
4 829
 
e 
4 557
 
e 
3 994
 
e 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
17
 
18
 
16
 
20
 
18
 
17
 
17
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
3
 
4
 
6
 
5
 
4
 
8
 
5
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
0
 
e 
0
 
e 
0
 
e 
0
 
e 
0
 
e 
0
 
0
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
5 003
 
4 944
 
4 867
 
4 762
 
4 643
 
4 746
 
4 659
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
454
 
446
 
436
 
424
 
411
 
418
 
408
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
93
 
92
 
94
 
87
 
93
 
92
 
90
 
90
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
35
 
35
 
36
 
37
 
37
 
38
 
40
 
41
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
9 818
 
10 072
 
10 191
 
10 211
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
12 323
 
12 911
 
13 086
 
13 070
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
15 666
 
15 953
 
16 697
 
17 002
 
17 320
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.1
 
8.3
 
6.7
 
5.4
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
17.1
 
17.5
 
18.7
 
18.9
 
15.8
 
14.3
 
15.2
 
14.6
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
26.0
 
25.3
 
23.6
 
23.2
 
23.4
 
22.8
 
22.7
 
25.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.4
 
79.3
 
79.1
 
79.1
 
78.5
 
79.1
 
79.5
 
80.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
38.7
 
39.5
 
41.7
 
42.7
 
44.0
 
45.4
 
48.2
 
50.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.8
 
18.7
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
18.2
 
17.8
 
16.5
 
16.6
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
14.3
 
14.3
 
15.1
 
14.6
 
15.2
 
14.8
 
14.3
 
14.0
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
17.5
 
17.6
 
18.8
 
17.9
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
17.4
 
16.9
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
10.5
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
10.9
 
11.1
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
10.7
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.1
 
7.5
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.5
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
5.9
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
7.1
 
7.6
 
8.6
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
8.1
 
7.1
 
6.3
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.2
 
7.4
 
8.2
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.6
 
7.1
 
5.6
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
48.3
 
44.7
 
46.0
 
49.9
 
51.7
 
51.6
 
48.8
 
48.7
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
2.3
 
3.3
 
2.7
 
1.1
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 560
 
1 560
 
1 558
 
1 545
 
1 545
 
1 545
 
1 545
 
1 545
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
9 575
 
10 123
 
10 413
 
10 785
 
11 313
 
11 919
 
12 820
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
9.4
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.4
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
11 048
 
11 128
 
11 178
 
11 227
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.2
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
17.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
14.8
 
14.8
 
15.7
 
15.8
 
15.8
 
16.3
 
16.6
 
16.8
 
Foreign population
% of population
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
5.7
 
5.8
 
6.8
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
6.5
 
5.8
 
4.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
15.5
 
17.6
 
18.2
 
18.7
 
17.9
 
15.9
 
13.1
 
12.4
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.8
 
6.5
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
5.7
 
4.5
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
14.6
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
16.3
 
16.0
 
15.5
 
13.8
 
10.5
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.7
 
80.5
 
80.7
 
81.4
 
81.1
 
81.5
 
81.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
78.0
 
77.8
 
78.1
 
78.8
 
78.7
 
79.0
 
79.2
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.3
 
83.1
 
83.2
 
83.9
 
83.4
 
84.0
 
83.9
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.4
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.6
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
51.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
18.1
 
17.4
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
15.8
 
15.9
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
50 506
 
e 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
138 643
 
..
 
132 125
 
134 954
 
e 
132 573
 
129 667
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
80
 
74
 
68
 
66
 
68
 
59
 
54
 
..
 
Last updated: 28 January 2020; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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