1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: China 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
10 331
 
11 286
 
12 290
 
13 350
 
14 350
 
15 412
 
16 633
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
10 234
 
11 259
 
12 190
 
13 367
 
14 296
 
15 350
 
16 587
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
9.5
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.3
 
6.9
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.6
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
38.1
 
38.1
 
38.5
 
38.0
 
37.1
 
36.1
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
9.5
 
9.4
 
9.2
 
9.0
 
8.7
 
8.4
 
7.9
 
7.5
 
Industry including energy
%
40.0
 
38.8
 
37.5
 
36.5
 
34.5
 
33.5
 
33.9
 
33.9
 
Construction
%
6.7
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.2
 
15.4
 
15.6
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
15.8
 
15.6
 
Information, communication
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
6.3
 
6.5
 
6.9
 
7.3
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
7.7
 
Real estate
%
5.8
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
16.6
 
17.2
 
17.8
 
18.5
 
19.6
 
20.7
 
21.1
 
21.8
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.3
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
-0.9
 
-2.8
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.3
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
..
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
24.2
 
22.8
 
22.1
 
21.7
 
18.6
 
17.5
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
26.6
 
25.5
 
24.6
 
24.2
 
22.1
 
19.8
 
..
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
228.7
 
311.6
 
359.0
 
435.0
 
576.2
 
488.9
 
475.9
 
395.2
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
1 579.1
 
1 661.9
 
1 789.6
 
1 808.7
 
1 566.6
 
1 500.6
 
1 740.3
 
2 022.3
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
1 807.8
 
1 973.5
 
2 148.6
 
2 243.8
 
2 142.8
 
1 989.5
 
2 216.2
 
2 417.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-46.8
 
-79.7
 
-123.6
 
-213.7
 
-218.3
 
-233.1
 
-258.9
 
-292.2
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
247.8
 
281.3
 
330.6
 
432.9
 
435.7
 
441.5
 
472.0
 
525.8
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
201.0
 
201.6
 
207.0
 
219.1
 
217.4
 
208.4
 
213.1
 
233.6
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.8
 
2.5
 
1.5
 
2.3
 
2.8
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
0.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
424 780
 
531 943
 
660 480
 
882 640
 
1 095 909
 
1 357 390
 
1 809 040
 
1 899 012
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 906 908
 
2 068 027
 
2 331 238
 
2 599 102
 
2 696 344
 
2 755 147
 
2 725 662
 
2 762 349
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
280 072
 
241 214
 
290 928
 
268 097
 
242 489
 
174 750
 
166 084
 
203 492
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
48 421
 
64 963
 
72 971
 
123 130
 
174 391
 
216 424
 
138 293
 
96 472
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
5.4
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.0
 
1.4
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
2.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
11.8
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
3.1
 
2.3
 
3.8
 
-0.6
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
CNY per USD
3.51
 
3.52
 
3.55
 
3.51
 
3.48
 
3.47
 
3.55
 
3.56
 
Exchange rates
CNY per USD
6.46
 
6.31
 
6.20
 
6.14
 
6.23
 
6.64
 
6.76
 
6.62
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
52
 
55
 
58
 
59
 
63
 
60
 
60
 
61
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
2 722.1
 
2 819.9
 
2 910.8
 
2 963.6
 
2 991.4
 
2 958.0
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
..
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
203 012.8
 
216 805.6
 
225 865.3
 
241 877.5
 
254 267.1
 
266 484.6
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
605 340
 
608 660
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
13 570
 
13 900
 
13 990
 
14 840
 
15 340
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
50 173
 
e 
53 943
 
e 
57 113
 
e 
58 797
 
e 
60 980
 
e 
63 722
 
e 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
163 953
 
170 809
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
8 566
 
8 815
 
9 191
 
9 125
 
9 103
 
9 057
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
242 801
 
281 116
 
316 340
 
344 692
 
374 910
 
410 188
 
442 721
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 368 440
 
1 377 065
 
1 385 567
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
75.5
 
75.7
 
75.8
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.3
 
76.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
74.0
 
74.2
 
74.3
 
74.5
 
74.6
 
74.8
 
74.9
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
77.0
 
77.2
 
77.3
 
77.5
 
77.7
 
77.8
 
78.0
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
12.6
 
11.6
 
10.8
 
10.0
 
9.2
 
8.6
 
8.0
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
10 979 481
 
12 022 843
 
11 913 828
 
12 554 470
 
12 391 150
 
12 833 220
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
2 637 254
 
2 827 988
 
2 184 650
 
2 223 870
 
2 270 330
 
2 280 800
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 July 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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