1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Greece 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
26 141
 
25 284
 
26 098
 
26 839
 
26 902
 
27 274
 
28 580
 
29 592
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
25 427
 
25 452
 
26 066
 
27 020
 
26 939
 
27 275
 
28 635
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-10.6
 
e 
-9.8
 
e 
-7.8
 
e 
1.7
 
e 
-1.4
 
e 
-1.2
 
e 
0.9
 
e 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-9.1
 
-7.3
 
-3.2
 
0.7
 
-0.4
 
-0.2
 
1.5
 
1.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-8.9
 
e 
-10.9
 
e 
-16.4
 
e 
-13.8
 
e 
-15.5
 
e 
-17.0
 
e 
-16.9
 
e 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-20.5
 
-23.5
 
-8.4
 
-4.7
 
0.7
 
4.7
 
9.1
 
-12.2
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
3.4
 
e 
3.7
 
e 
3.6
 
e 
3.8
 
e 
4.3
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
4.2
 
e 
4.3
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
12.1
 
e 
12.8
 
e 
13.6
 
e 
13.6
 
e 
13.9
 
e 
14.5
 
e 
14.9
 
e 
15.0
 
e 
Construction
%
3.5
 
e 
3.4
 
e 
2.9
 
e 
2.4
 
e 
2.1
 
e 
2.5
 
e 
2.3
 
e 
2.5
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
24.4
 
e 
22.3
 
e 
22.7
 
e 
23.9
 
e 
23.8
 
e 
23.4
 
e 
24.3
 
e 
25.1
 
e 
Information, communication
%
3.5
 
e 
3.3
 
e 
3.6
 
e 
3.5
 
e 
3.4
 
e 
3.5
 
e 
3.5
 
e 
3.5
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
4.8
 
e 
5.0
 
e 
5.2
 
e 
4.8
 
e 
4.5
 
e 
4.5
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
3.6
 
e 
Real estate
%
17.2
 
e 
19.1
 
e 
18.9
 
e 
18.3
 
e 
17.9
 
e 
17.5
 
e 
17.1
 
e 
16.3
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
5.3
 
e 
5.1
 
e 
4.8
 
e 
4.8
 
e 
5.1
 
e 
5.1
 
e 
5.2
 
e 
5.4
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
22.2
 
e 
21.3
 
e 
20.5
 
e 
20.9
 
e 
20.7
 
e 
20.6
 
e 
20.3
 
e 
20.3
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
3.7
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
4.2
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
4.2
 
e 
4.2
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
4.1
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-10.3
 
e 
-8.9
 
e 
-13.2
 
e 
-3.6
 
e 
-5.6
 
e 
0.5
 
e 
0.7
 
e 
1.1
 
e 
General government debt
% of GDP
110.9
 
164.1
 
179.7
 
180.8
 
182.9
 
185.8
 
188.7
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.8
 
46.9
 
49.1
 
46.6
 
47.9
 
49.4
 
48.1
 
47.8
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
54.1
 
55.7
 
62.3
 
50.2
 
53.5
 
48.9
 
47.3
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.0
 
5.9
 
5.2
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
5.1
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
e 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.1
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
e 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
26.0
 
26.9
 
25.1
 
25.2
 
25.4
 
25.7
 
24.8
 
23.5
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
15.8
 
17.1
 
16.0
 
16.4
 
16.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.15
 
0.13
 
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.19
 
0.16
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
33.6
 
35.5
 
35.5
 
35.7
 
36.6
 
38.8
 
39.4
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
4.8
 
7.0
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.1
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
2.5
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
13.2
 
13.3
 
13.7
 
13.9
 
14.3
 
15.4
 
15.4
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
43.0
 
42.9
 
41.3
 
40.4
 
39.1
 
40.5
 
40.8
 
40.9
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
32.3
 
e 
33.1
 
e 
33.2
 
e 
34.8
 
e 
31.5
 
e 
30.8
 
e 
34.0
 
e 
36.4
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
25.5
 
e 
28.7
 
e 
30.4
 
e 
32.4
 
e 
31.6
 
e 
30.1
 
e 
33.0
 
e 
36.1
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-36.6
 
-27.0
 
-27.6
 
-29.5
 
-19.6
 
-19.9
 
-22.4
 
-26.5
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
69.7
 
61.9
 
63.3
 
65.1
 
47.1
 
47.1
 
54.0
 
64.7
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
33.2
 
34.9
 
35.7
 
35.5
 
27.5
 
27.2
 
31.6
 
38.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
18.9
 
17.8
 
20.9
 
24.2
 
18.4
 
18.0
 
20.3
 
22.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
20.9
 
17.6
 
16.3
 
17.0
 
16.7
 
14.9
 
17.6
 
21.1
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
39.8
 
35.4
 
37.2
 
41.2
 
35.1
 
32.9
 
37.9
 
43.9
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-10.0
 
-3.8
 
-2.0
 
-1.6
 
-0.8
 
-1.7
 
-1.8
 
-2.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
48 041
 
44 960
 
36 300
 
32 431
 
27 288
 
18 006
 
19 354
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
29 058
 
24 763
 
25 850
 
24 567
 
26 951
 
24 615
 
32 537
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 144
 
1 741
 
2 817
 
2 683
 
1 268
 
2 762
 
3 612
 
4 256
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 774
 
678
 
-785
 
3 015
 
1 578
 
-1 665
 
581
 
848
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.3
 
1.5
 
-0.9
 
-1.3
 
-1.7
 
-0.8
 
1.1
 
0.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
0.2
 
-2.0
 
-1.2
 
-1.0
 
-1.1
 
0.5
 
0.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
3.1
 
1.5
 
0.0
 
-1.7
 
1.8
 
-0.2
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
16.5
 
12.8
 
6.6
 
-1.8
 
-10.3
 
-0.5
 
6.4
 
3.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
8.6
 
3.8
 
-2.1
 
-2.8
 
-7.8
 
-4.9
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
15.75
 
22.50
 
10.05
 
6.93
 
9.67
 
8.36
 
5.98
 
4.19
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.71
 
0.68
 
0.63
 
0.61
 
0.61
 
0.60
 
0.59
 
0.58
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
94
 
87
 
85
 
84
 
76
 
76
 
76
 
78
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
26.7
 
26.6
 
23.3
 
23.1
 
23.2
 
22.7
 
23.2
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.09
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
2 139.9
 
2 448.6
 
2 615.4
 
2 444.4
 
2 777.4
 
2 639.5
 
2 590.8
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
109.41
 
111.92
 
107.61
 
95.55
 
49.32
 
40.08
 
50.81
 
68.14
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
57.2
 
56.8
 
59.5
 
..
 
68.6
 
..
 
70.5
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
50.2
 
53.6
 
56.3
 
65.6
 
68.1
 
69.1
 
71.0
 
76.5
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
9 935
 
9 935
 
9 925
 
9 916
 
9 908
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
63
 
61
 
64
 
60
 
64
 
61
 
63
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
111
 
e 
111
 
e 
114
 
e 
105
 
e 
107
 
123
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
5 586
 
5 463
 
5 284
 
5 315
 
5 277
 
5 367
 
5 415
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
489
 
480
 
467
 
472
 
470
 
480
 
485
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
82
 
77
 
69
 
66
 
65
 
63
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
26
 
27
 
27
 
28
 
29
 
30
 
31
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
5 266
 
5 608
 
5 862
 
5 810
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
6 743
 
7 008
 
6 940
 
6 786
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
3 811
 
3 713
 
3 881
 
4 095
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
8.3
 
10.7
 
9.3
 
10.5
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
8.5
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
24.1
 
30.4
 
33.1
 
31.3
 
28.1
 
25.0
 
24.0
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
16.1
 
13.0
 
11.9
 
13.3
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
14.2
 
14.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
68.8
 
63.9
 
61.3
 
62.4
 
64.5
 
66.0
 
67.4
 
69.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
39.5
 
36.5
 
35.6
 
34.1
 
34.3
 
36.3
 
38.3
 
41.1
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
9.1
 
9.8
 
10.3
 
11.2
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
10.5
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
36.2
 
36.6
 
37.0
 
36.0
 
35.0
 
34.1
 
34.1
 
33.5
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
39.5
 
40.3
 
40.6
 
40.0
 
38.9
 
37.4
 
37.6
 
37.1
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
31.4
 
31.4
 
31.9
 
30.4
 
29.6
 
29.5
 
29.2
 
28.4
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
17.9
 
24.4
 
27.5
 
26.5
 
24.9
 
23.5
 
21.5
 
19.3
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
15.1
 
21.5
 
24.5
 
23.6
 
21.7
 
19.9
 
17.8
 
15.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
21.5
 
28.2
 
31.3
 
30.2
 
28.9
 
28.1
 
26.1
 
24.2
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
49.3
 
59.1
 
67.1
 
73.5
 
73.1
 
72.0
 
72.8
 
70.3
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
-3.5
 
-3.3
 
-7.0
 
-0.5
 
-2.0
 
-1.5
 
0.3
 
1.3
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 949
 
1 966
 
1 970
 
1 933
 
1 943
 
1 942
 
1 956
 
1 956
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
1 911
 
1 845
 
2 070
 
2 142
 
2 460
 
2 539
 
2 925
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.6
 
6.0
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
8.5
 
7.2
 
8.4
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
11 124
 
11 090
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.6
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
19.5
 
19.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
6.7
 
6.6
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
14.4
 
20.3
 
23.2
 
22.6
 
20.9
 
19.1
 
17.1
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
21.5
 
34.6
 
37.3
 
33.8
 
31.4
 
27.6
 
26.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
21.4
 
27.9
 
30.7
 
29.8
 
28.7
 
27.7
 
25.4
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
23.2
 
32.7
 
38.9
 
35.4
 
32.8
 
34.4
 
34.2
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.8
 
80.7
 
81.4
 
81.5
 
81.1
 
81.5
 
81.4
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
78.0
 
78.0
 
78.7
 
78.8
 
78.5
 
78.9
 
78.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.6
 
83.4
 
84.0
 
84.1
 
83.7
 
84.0
 
83.9
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.4
 
2.9
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
3.5
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
3.9
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.4
 
4.0
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
20 778
 
e 
20 699
 
e 
19 441
 
19 566
 
e 
20 057
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
103
 
89
 
80
 
73
 
73
 
76
 
68
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 July 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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