1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Australia 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
44 419
 
43 879
 
47 761
 
47 639
 
47 351
 
50 263
 
51 994
 
54 144
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
43 068
 
42 788
 
46 511
 
46 665
 
46 213
 
48 896
 
50 362
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.0
 
0.3
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
1.3
 
1.9
 
1.7
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.7
 
3.9
 
2.2
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
8.8
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
6.0
 
4.9
 
3.5
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
11.5
 
3.0
 
-1.8
 
-3.2
 
-3.4
 
-0.2
 
4.4
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
19.7
 
18.2
 
18.6
 
16.6
 
15.5
 
17.0
 
17.7
 
..
 
Construction
%
8.3
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.5
 
8.2
 
8.1
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
16.9
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
16.4
 
16.2
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.6
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
9.3
 
9.5
 
..
 
Real estate
%
11.3
 
11.8
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
12.5
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
10.4
 
10.5
 
10.3
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
16.8
 
17.1
 
17.3
 
17.8
 
18.4
 
18.0
 
17.9
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.6
 
-2.9
 
-2.8
 
-2.3
 
-2.4
 
-1.8
 
-0.8
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
46.2
 
59.2
 
55.7
 
61.5
 
64.2
 
68.3
 
65.6
 
66.3
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
32.6
 
33.4
 
33.8
 
34.4
 
35.0
 
34.9
 
35.9
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
34.9
 
35.2
 
35.3
 
35.9
 
36.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.4
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.6
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
17.1
 
17.3
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
18.5
 
17.8
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
4.9
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
3.9
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.34
 
0.36
 
0.33
 
0.31
 
0.29
 
0.27
 
0.23
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
25.9
 
27.0
 
27.2
 
27.3
 
27.9
 
27.8
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
10.2
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
11.3
 
11.6
 
11.3
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
7.1
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
7.3
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
26.7
 
27.3
 
27.4
 
27.7
 
28.3
 
28.6
 
28.6
 
28.9
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
21.7
 
21.3
 
21.5
 
21.5
 
21.5
 
20.6
 
21.3
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
21.5
 
20.0
 
21.0
 
20.0
 
19.2
 
21.2
 
21.7
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
22.8
 
-8.1
 
7.3
 
2.1
 
-19.3
 
-5.9
 
10.5
 
21.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
248.8
 
266.6
 
246.9
 
238.3
 
207.3
 
198.5
 
220.9
 
237.0
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
271.6
 
258.5
 
254.2
 
240.4
 
188.0
 
192.6
 
231.4
 
258.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-11.4
 
-15.6
 
-17.7
 
-11.9
 
-8.8
 
-4.4
 
-3.3
 
-3.7
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
69.5
 
74.2
 
75.6
 
71.0
 
63.7
 
62.4
 
68.4
 
73.0
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
58.1
 
58.6
 
57.9
 
59.1
 
54.9
 
58.0
 
65.1
 
69.3
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.1
 
-4.3
 
-3.4
 
-3.1
 
-4.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.6
 
-2.1
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
418 814
 
476 541
 
456 977
 
446 443
 
388 973
 
401 288
 
460 624
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
554 931
 
615 116
 
568 855
 
562 986
 
537 757
 
576 768
 
662 271
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
58 907
 
59 540
 
56 273
 
40 968
 
20 466
 
47 753
 
46 363
 
60 747
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 716
 
7 889
 
1 441
 
463
 
-20 059
 
2 321
 
4 881
 
1 849
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.3
 
1.8
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.4
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
5.7
 
-3.7
 
0.2
 
2.6
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.7
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
11.0
 
7.3
 
6.3
 
1.2
 
-7.3
 
-3.3
 
9.4
 
9.0
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
3.4
 
-0.5
 
1.1
 
3.1
 
0.3
 
-0.6
 
3.2
 
5.2
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.88
 
3.38
 
3.70
 
3.66
 
2.71
 
2.34
 
2.64
 
2.68
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
1.51
 
1.54
 
1.45
 
1.45
 
1.47
 
1.45
 
1.44
 
1.43
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
0.97
 
0.97
 
1.04
 
1.11
 
1.33
 
1.35
 
1.30
 
1.34
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
148
 
157
 
142
 
135
 
125
 
123
 
127
 
121
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
128.2
 
126.6
 
126.3
 
125.0
 
125.1
 
129.8
 
132.7
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
6 922.8
 
6 896.4
 
7 663.5
 
7 924.4
 
8 005.4
 
8 287.9
 
8 907.4
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
115.66
 
117.78
 
114.19
 
107.05
 
57.90
 
46.87
 
56.99
 
76.03
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
83.0
 
..
 
82.4
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
83.0
 
..
 
85.9
 
..
 
86.1
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
13 702
 
16 351
 
20 133
 
19 364
 
18 222
 
16 814
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
165
 
159
 
157
 
154
 
152
 
174
 
166
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
76
 
81
 
80
 
75
 
91
 
97
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
13 463
 
13 345
 
13 227
 
13 110
 
13 345
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
599
 
585
 
571
 
558
 
561
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
387
 
387
 
383
 
373
 
379
 
392
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
38
 
41
 
40
 
42
 
43
 
44
 
45
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
9 099
 
8 591
 
9 242
 
9 258
 
9 546
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
10 769
 
11 669
 
11 733
 
12 303
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
16 382
 
16 003
 
18 253
 
19 494
 
20 344
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
7.8
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
11.7
 
12.2
 
13.9
 
13.2
 
13.1
 
12.0
 
11.5
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
60.4
 
59.6
 
58.7
 
57.7
 
58.4
 
58.3
 
58.5
 
59.9
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.8
 
79.5
 
79.1
 
78.8
 
79.3
 
79.7
 
80.2
 
81.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
61.2
 
61.4
 
61.4
 
61.4
 
62.1
 
62.5
 
63.6
 
63.8
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
24.7
 
24.6
 
24.9
 
25.2
 
25.2
 
25.9
 
25.7
 
25.6
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
11.1
 
10.4
 
10.1
 
10.2
 
10.3
 
10.1
 
9.9
 
9.6
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
13.2
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.4
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.5
 
8.2
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.7
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
6.2
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
5.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
19.3
 
19.6
 
19.8
 
19.7
 
19.8
 
19.3
 
19.9
 
19.4
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
2.8
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
1.2
 
2.7
 
-0.5
 
1.9
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 700
 
1 693
 
1 689
 
1 683
 
1 684
 
1 673
 
1 675
 
1 665
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
20 718
 
..
 
21 598
 
..
 
20 362
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
22 340
 
22 728
 
23 126
 
23 491
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
19.0
 
18.9
 
18.9
 
18.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
13.8
 
14.2
 
14.4
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
26.9
 
27.3
 
27.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.9
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.4
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
6.0
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
82.0
 
82.1
 
82.2
 
82.4
 
82.5
 
82.5
 
82.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.7
 
79.9
 
80.1
 
80.3
 
80.4
 
80.4
 
80.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
84.2
 
84.3
 
84.3
 
84.4
 
84.5
 
84.6
 
84.6
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.8
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
63.4
 
..
 
..
 
63.4
 
..
 
..
 
65.2
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
10.7
 
11.4
 
11.3
 
12.5
 
12.9
 
11.9
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
449 854
 
e 
483 605
 
e 
518 344
 
573 435
 
613 610
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
300 073
 
303 287
 
305 584
 
307 908
 
311 876
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
57
 
57
 
51
 
49
 
51
 
53
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 July 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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