Abbreviations and acronyms

AQ

Additional qualifications

BDE

Bureau for Development of Education

BOSTES

Board of Studies, Teaching and Educational Standards

CBA

Computer-based assessments

CIS

Centre for Information Services

EC

European Commission

ECEC

Early childhood education and care

ECTS

European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System

ECTS

European Credits Transfer System

ESCS

Economic, social and cultural status

ESMS

Electronic Inspection Management System

EU

European Union

GDP

Gross domestic product

GDPR

General Data Protection Regulation

GPA

Grade point average

HDI

Human Development Index

ICCS

International Civic and Citizenship Education Study

ICT

Information and communication technology

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMSP

Individual Mandatory Student Plans

ISCED

International Standard Classification of Education

IT

Information technology

ITE

Initial teacher education

MAP

Measures of Academic Progress

NEA

National External Assessment

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

NSI

National Statistical Institute

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PIRLS

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study

PISA

OECD Programme for International Student Assessment

PPP

Purchasing power parity

RED

Regional department of education

SES

State Educational Standard

SICI

Standing International Conference of Inspectorates

SPU

Strategic Planning Unit

STEM

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics

SWOT

Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats

TALIS

OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey

TIMSS

Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNICEF

United Nations Children's Fund

VET

Vocational education and training

WSE

Whole School Evaluation

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