This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.

Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.


Chile’s national currency is the peso (CLP). For 2018, the average exchange rate was CLP 641.90 to USD 1. That same year, the average worker in Chile earned 9 669 058 CLP (country estimate).

Taxes allowances and tax thresholds for the personal income tax system and upper earnings limits for social security contributions are determined using and expressed in CPI-indexed units. As of December 31, 2018, the following currency values applied to these units:

Major revenue items




Social security contributions

Unidad de Fomento1 (UF)

27 565.79


Monthly tax thresholds

Unidad Tributaria Mensual (UTM)

48 353


Annual tax thresholds

Unidad Tributaria Anual (UTA)

580 236



1. This amount is subject to daily adjustment in line with the CPI and is compared with monthly earnings in the assessment of social security contributions

1. Personal income tax system

1.1. Central/federal government income taxes

1.1.1. Tax unit

Each family member declares and pays taxes separately.

1.1.2. Tax allowances and credits Standard tax reliefs

  • Education tax credit: Parents with children attending preschool, primary, special or secondary education, with a total annual taxable income (both parents) of up to CLP 21 832 106 (UF 792), are entitled to a tax credit of CLP 121 289 (UF 4.4) per child, for expenses related to education. Children shall have a minimal school attendance of 85% and the school must be recognized by the State. This tax credit can be claimed by both parents, or only by one of them.

  • Relief for social security contributions: Employee’s compulsory social insurance contributions are deductible for income tax purposes regardless of whether they are paid to government or private health insurers. (See section 2.1 below). Main non-standard tax reliefs

  • Voluntary contributions and APV (Voluntary Pension Fund Savings): Voluntary contributions to pension funds and voluntary pension savings fund (APV) may be deducted from taxable income, with an annual upper limit of CLP 16 539 474 (UF 600.)

  • Mortgage Interest: Taxpayers whose annual income falls below CLP 52 221 240 (UTA 90) may deduct from their taxable income 100% of interest paid within a year for mortgage loans. This percentage is reduced in the case of taxpayers with higher incomes up to CLP 87 035 400 (UTA 150). This relief cannot be granted along-side the DFL2 Housing Mortgage Loan Payments benefit, and cannot exceed CLP 4 641 888(UTA 8) per annum.

1.1.3. Tax schedule

Tax rates are applied on monthly income and these taxes are retained and paid by employers. In order to estimate taxes, tax rates are applied on an annual basis, on the annual average income (starting of January 1st 2017, the maximum marginal tax rate was diminished from 40% to 35%, and the number of tax brackets was reduced from eight to seven):

Taxable income (UTA)

Taxable income (CLP thousands)

Tax rates


0 – 7 833



7 833 – 17 407



17 407 – 29 012



29 012 – 40 617



40 617 – 52 221



52 221 – 69 628


120 and over

69 628 and over


As of 1 January 2017, the President of the Republic, Ministers, Undersecretaries, Senators and Deputies have tax thresholds and rates applicable specifically to their income, if it is higher than UTA 150:

Taxable income (UTA)

Taxable income (CLP thousands)

Tax rates


0 – 7 833



7 833 – 17 407



17 407 – 29 012



29 012 – 40 617



40 617 – 52 221



52 221 – 69 628


120 – 150

69 628 – 87 035


150 and over

87 0350 and over


1.2. State and local income taxes

No taxes apply to income at state or local government level.

2. Compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector

2.1. Employees’ contributions

Employees have mandatorily to contribute 7% of their income to a health insurance plan subject to an upper earnings limit of CLP 25 552 065 (UF 78.3). They are free to choose whether to pay into a government-managed plan or alternatively to a private insurer (Isapres). 1 The public insurance is based on a joint system that, in general, operates on an equal basis for all its beneficiaries, irrespective of the risk and the amount of the individual contribution. Its financing is partly covered by the contributions and partly by way of a government subsidy. Premiums paid to the plans offered by Isapres are based on the contributors’ individual risk and these plans are exclusively financed with the employees’ contributions. Public insurance contributions are included in the modelling as the majority of employees pay into plans managed by the government sector.

Employee social security contributions in respect of pensions and unemployment are not classified as taxes in this report; though they are included in modelling as deductions for income tax.

  • The mandatory contributions to pension funds and unemployment insurance plans are not classified as taxes, since the payments are made to private institutions. In 1980, the public social security system was replaced with a privately managed individual capitalisation system. This system is obligatory to all employees who have joined the labour force since 1983 and free-lance workers since 2012, and of a voluntary nature to all contributing to the former system. The contributions to the old government operated pension fund system are not included in the modelling because they relate to a minority of employees and the system will eventually disappear once the contributions and related benefit payments to those individuals remaining in it have ceased.

  • The modelling allows that the contributions to pension funds and unemployment insurance managed by private institutions are deducted from gross income. In the case of their pension funds, these payments amount to 10% of their gross income, with an upper earnings limit of CLP 25 552 065 (UF 78.3). Added to that is an amount that varies depending on the managing company that covers the management of each pension fund account.2 The monthly unemployment insurance premium is 0.6% of the employee’s gross income, with an upper earnings limit of CLP 38 344 414 (UF 117.5). Employees do not pay the monthly unemployment insurance premium when they have a fixed-term contract or after 11 years of labour relationship.

  • There are also mandatory contributions to managed funds by members of the police force and the army which are classified as taxes but are not included in the modelling as they relate to a minority of the overall workforce.

  • If the employee has a high risk job, that person has to make an additional contribution of 2% (heavy work) or 1% (less heavy work) of the gross income with an upper earnings limit of CLP 25 552 065 (UF 78.3), to the pension fund account.

The pension and unemployment contributions are not included in the Taxing Wages calculations, as they are not considered as taxes in the report. However, information on “non-tax compulsory payments” as well as “compulsory payment indicators” is included in the OECD Tax Database, which is accessible at

2.2. Employers’ contributions

There are five categories of employer social security contribution, none of which are classified as tax revenues in this report.

  • Employers make mandatory payments of 0.93%3 of their employees’ gross income for an occupational accident and disease insurance policy subject to an upper earnings limit. For the majority of employees the payments are made to employers’ associations of labour security which are private non-profit institutions. Those remaining are made to the Social Security Regularisation Unit (ISL). Although this latter organisation is controlled by the government, the funds are invested on the private institutions market. The employers also pay an additional contribution which depends on the activity and risk associated to the enterprise (it cannot exceed 3.4% of the employees’ gross earnings). This additional contribution could be reduced, down to 0%, depending on the safety measures the employer implements in the enterprise. If health and safety conditions at work are not satisfactory, this additional contribution could be applied with a surcharge of up to 100%.

  • As of April 1st, 2017, employers shall make a mandatory contribution based on employees’ gross income to a fund which will finance insurance coverage for working parents of children aged 1 to 15, or ages 1-18, whichever applies, that have a serious health condition, so that the parents can take a leave of absence from their work in order to accompany and take care of them; therefore, during this period the parents shall have the right to assistance financed by said fund (in Spanish, “Fondo SANNA”) that will replace, in total or partially, their monthly earnings. During 2018 the rate is 0.015% (in 2019 the rate will be 0.02%, reaching a final value of 0.03% in force as of January 1, 2020). The collection of this contribution is initially delegated to the ISL and to the employers’ association of labour security.

  • Employers make payments of 2.4% of each employee’s income (0.8% after 11 years of labour relationship and 3% for fixed-term contracts) with an upper earnings limit of CLP 38 344 414 (UF 117.5) to finance unemployment insurance. These funds are managed privately.

  • Employers are required to pay a disability insurance of 1.53% 4 of the employees’ gross income, with an upper earnings limit of CLP 25 552 065. (UF 78.3), collected by the pension fund manager, and managed by an insurance company.

  • If the employee has a high risk job, the employer has to pay 2% (heavy work) or 1% (less heavy work) of the employee’s gross income, with an upper earnings limit of CLP 25 552 065 (UF 78.3), to the pension fund account.

3. Universal cash transfers

3.1. Marital status-related transfers

No such transfers are paid.

3.2. Transfers related to dependent children

The “Family Allowance” is paid on a monthly basis to any employee making social security contributions who has dependent children. The definition of dependants5 includes:

  • Adopted children as well as those born to the parents;

  • Children up to the age of 18 or 24 years provided they are single and are regular students in an elementary, secondary, technical, specialised or higher education establishment

  • The amount of the payment depends on the number of dependent children and the beneficiary’s level of income according to the table below. The modelling assumes that the benefit is assessed on the spouse with the lower earning level where both spouses are working.

2018 Transfer by Dependant

Annual Income Range (CLP)

Annual Payment (CLP)

0–3 550 854

139 344

3 550 854– 5 186 400

85 296

5 186 400– 8 089 026

26 964

and over


4. Memorandum items

4.1. Identification of an average worker

  • The source of information is a survey conducted by the National Statistics Institute (INE) to determine the Salary and Labour Cost Index. This nationwide survey is carried out on a monthly sample and gathers information on salaries and labour costs. It applies to companies with at least 5-worker payrolls grouped in accordance with ISIC4.CL 2012,6 covering workers in industry sectors B to R.7

  • The average gross earning was obtained by multiplying the average hourly wage by the average number of hours worked. It covers both full and part-time workers.

4.2. Employers’ contribution to private health and pension schemes

  • In Chile, very few employers make any contributions towards health schemes for their employees, and the relevant information is not available. 

2018 Parameter values

Average earnings/yr


9 669 058

Country estimate




Income tax



7 833 186


17 407 080


29 011 800


40 616 520


52 221 240


69 628 320


Education tax credit


121 289


21 832 106

Employees SSC



25 552 065

Upper threshold


Family allowance



139 344

Child element

3 550 854

85 296

5 186 400

26 964

8 089 026


2018 Tax equations

The functions which are used in the equations (Taper, MIN, Tax etc) are described in the technical note about tax equations. Variable names are defined in the table of parameters above, within the equations table, or are the standard variables “married” and “children”. A reference to a variable with the affix “_total” indicates the sum of the relevant variable values for the principal and spouse. In addition, the affixes “_princ” and “_spouse” indicate the value for the principal and spouse, respectively. Equations for a single person are as shown for the principal, with “_spouse” values taken as 0.

Line in country table and intermediate steps

Variable name












Credits in taxable income





CG taxable income





CG tax before credits



Tax(tax_inc, tax_sch)


Tax credits :



IF(taxinc_princ+taxinc_spouse<='edu_tax_cre_lim,IF(taxinc_spouse' =0,edu_tax_cre*Children,edu_tax_cre*Children*0.5),0)




CG tax





State and local taxes





Employees' soc security



Tax(earn, SSC_sch)


Family allowance



IF( Children='0,0,' IF( earn_spouse>0, VLOOKUP ( earn_spouse, CTR_child ) , VLOOKUP ( earn_princ, CTR_child)) * children )


Employer's soc security



Key to range of equation B calculated separately for both principal earner and spouse P calculated for principal only (value taken as 0 for spouse calculation) J calculated once only on a joint basis.


← 1. Enrolment in the private health system during 2016 amounted to 18.7% of all beneficiaries.

← 2. Average cost in 2018 was 1.19% of gross income.

← 3. As of January 1st 2018, until December 31st 2018, the percentage is 0.93%. During 2019 and 2020 the rate will be diminished gradually reaching a final value of 0.90% on 1 January 2020.

← 4. Valid percentage from 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2020.

← 5. If the dependant’s income is equal or higher than half the minimum wage, for more than three months in the calendar year, the dependant is not eligible to receive the family allowance.

← 6. ISIC4.CL 2012 is a Chilean classifier of economic activities, based on ISIC Rev.4.

← 7. O (8422) “Defense Activities” and O (8423) “Public order and safety activities” are not included.

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