Azerbaijan

Introduction

Azerbaijan is an emerging provider of development co-operation, though it still receives official development assistance (ODA). With a new national development strategy, Azerbaijan no longer depends on foreign assistance. Azerbaijan has a comparative advantage in sharing its expertise in various fields of development, such as effective public service delivery, education, labour and social protection, youth empowerment, mine action and others. Since 2011, almost 90 countries benefited from the aid provided by Azerbaijan. In order to provide timely and co-ordinated international assistance, the Azerbaijan International Development Agency (AIDA) was established in 2011 under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. AIDA also develops and implements international assistance projects.

Official development assistance

In 2017, Azerbaijan provided USD 19 million in total ODA. This represented 0.05% of gross national income (GNI). Total ODA for 2017 represented an increase of 40% from 2016.

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In 2017, 28.5% of gross ODA was provided bilaterally, of which 72.3% was channelled through multilateral organisations (multi-bi/non-core contributions). Azerbaijan allocated 71.5% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations.

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In 2017, 7.4% of bilateral ODA was programmed with partner countries, making Azerbaijan’s share of country programmable aid lower than the average for development providers beyond the DAC of 27.4% (see the methodological notes for further details on country programmable aid). There were no project-type interventions in 2017.

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In 2017, Azerbaijan channelled 12.1% of gross bilateral ODA through the public sector (up from 0% in 2016). In 2017, Azerbaijan also channelled 13.5% of its ODA through universities or other teaching and research institutions, but not through private sector institutions. See the methodological notes for further details on channels of delivery.

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In 2017, USD 5 million of gross bilateral ODA was channelled to and through civil society organisations (CSOs). Between 2016 and 2017, ODA channelled to and through CSOs remained stable as a share of bilateral aid (1%).

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In 2017, bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Asia. USD 0.73 million was allocated to South and Central Asia, and USD 0.23 million to sub-Saharan Africa. USD 4.36 million was allocated to developing countries (unspecified). Bilateral allocations to sub-Saharan Africa increased compared to 2016 (by 38%).

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In 2017, all of gross bilateral ODA went to Azerbaijan’s top 3 recipients. Its top 3 recipients are Bangladesh, Djibouti and Yemen. Support to fragile contexts reached USD 0.56 million in 2017 (10.5% of gross bilateral ODA). Learn more about support to fragile contexts.

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In 2017, 10.5% of Azerbaijan’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 0.6 million) was allocated to the least developed countries (LDCs). This is up from 0% in 2016 and is lower than the average of providers beyond the DAC of 12.3% in 2017. ODA unallocated by income group represented 89.5% of bilateral ODA in 2017.

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In 2017, 34.7% of bilateral ODA commitments was allocated to social infrastructure and services, for a total of USD 1.1 million, with a strong focus on government and civil society (USD 0.6 million). Humanitarian aid amounted to USD 0.7 million. Azerbaijan also committed USD 2.3 million (42.5% of bilateral allocable aid) to promote aid for trade and improve developing countries’ trade performance and integration into the world economy in 2017.

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Institutional set-up

Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for setting the overall development co-operation guidelines of the country. Project implementation is the responsibility of AIDA, which was established in 2011 within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. AIDA’s annual budget allocation is provided from the state budget. AIDA co-ordinates the activities of the relevant government bodies in the field of development (primarily line ministries), ensuring that their activities are consistent with Azerbaijan’s foreign policy objectives.

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Additional resources

Azerbaijan International Development Agency (AIDA): http://aida.mfa.gov.az/en/

Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://www.mfa.gov.az/en

Participant in the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

Azerbaijan