BASIC STATISTICS OF TURKEY, 2015
(Numbers in parentheses refer to the OECD average)*

LAND, PEOPLE AND ELECTORAL CYCLE

Population (million)

77.7

Population density per km²

99.2

(35.1)

Under 15 (%)

23.8

(18.0)

Life expectancy (years, 2013)

76.6

(80.4)

Over 65 (%)

8.1

(16.3)

Men

73.7

(77.8)

Latest 5-year average growth (%)

1.2

(0.6)

Women

79.4

(83.0)

 

 

 

Latest general election

November 2015

ECONOMY

Gross domestic product (GDP)

 

 

Value added shares (%, 2014)

 

 

In current prices (billion USD)

720.5

 

Primary sector

8.0

(2.5)

In current prices (billion TRY)

1 953.6

 

Industry including construction

27.1

(26.4)

Latest 5-year average real growth (%)

4.4

(1.7)

Services

64.9

(71.1)

Per capita (000 USD PPP)

20.3

(40.2)

 

 

 

EXTERNAL ACCOUNTS

Exchange rate (TRY per USD)

2.7

 

Main exports (% of total merchandise exports)

 

 

PPP exchange rate (USA = 1)

1.2

 

Manufactured goods

43.4

In per cent of GDP

 

 

Machinery and transport equipment

27.3

 

Exports of goods and services

28.0

(54.1)

Food and live animals

10.0

Imports of goods and services

30.8

(49.7)

Main imports (% of total merchandise imports)

 

 

Current account balance

-4.4

(0.15)

Machinery and transport equipment

31.6

Net international investment position

-51.4

 

Manufactured goods

23.4

 

 

Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.

13.8

LABOUR MARKET, SKILLS AND INNOVATION

Employment rate for 15-64 year-olds (%)

50.2

(66.2)

Unemployment rate, Labour Force Survey (age 15 and over) (%)

10.2

(6.8)

Men

69.8

(74.1)

Youth (age 15-24, %)

18.5

(13.9)

Women

30.5

(58.5)

Long-term unemployed (1 year and over, %, 2014)

2.0

(2.5)

Participation rate for 15-64 year-olds (%, 2014)

55.1

(71.2)

Tertiary educational attainment 25-64 year-olds (%, 2014)

16.7

(34.0)

Average hours worked per year (2013)a

1 832

(1 770)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP, 2014)

1.0

(2.4)

ENVIRONMENT

Total primary energy supply per capita (toe, 2014)

1.6

(4.1)

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion per capita (tonnes, 2013)

3.7

(9.6)

Renewables (%)

9.3

(9.1)

Water abstractions per capita (1 000 m3, 2012)

0.7

Fine particulate matter concentration (PM2.5, μg/m3, 2013)

17.2

(13.8)

Municipal waste per capita (tonnes, 2014)

0.4

(0.5)

SOCIETY

Income inequality (Gini coefficient, 2012)

0.402

(0.308)

Education outcomes (PISA score, 2012)

 

 

Relative poverty rate (%, 2012)

17.8

(10.9)

Reading

475

(496)

Median disposable household income (000 USD PPP, 2012)

8.6

(22.1)

Mathematics

448

(494)

Public and private spending (% of GDP)

 

Science

463

(501)

Health care (2013)

5.1

(8.9)

Share of women in parliament (%, May 2016)

14.9

(27.9)

Pensions (2013)b

8.1

(8.7)

Net official development assistance (% of GNI)

0.54

(0.39)

Education (primary, secondary, post sec. non tertiary, 2012)

3.0

(3.7)

 

 

 

Better life index: www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org

a. 2014 for the OECD aggregate.

b. 2011 for the OECD aggregate.

* Where the OECD aggregate is not provided in the source database, a simple OECD average of latest available data is calculated where data exist for at least 29 member countries.

Source: Calculations based on data extracted from the databases of the following organisations: OECD, International Energy Agency, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Inter-Parliamentary Union.