This Survey is published on the responsibility of the Economic and Development Review Committee of the OECD, which is charged with the examination of the economic situation of member countries.

The economic situation and policies of the Slovenia were reviewed by the Committee on 28 June 2017. The draft report was then revised in the light of the discussions and given final approval as the agreed report of the whole Committee on 17 July 2017.

The Secretariat’s draft report was prepared for the Committee by Jens Høj and Rory O’Farrell from the OECD secretariat, and Franci Kluzer seconded from the Slovenian Ministry of Finance, under the supervision of Peter Jarrett. Research assistance was provided by Anne Legendre and Klaus Pedersen and editorial assistance was provided by Sylvie Ricordeau.

The previous Survey of the Slovenia was issued in May 2015.

Information about the latest as well as previous Surveys and more information about how Surveys are prepared is available at www.oecd.org/eco/surveys.

  
BASIC STATISTICS OF SLOVENIA, 2016
(Numbers in parentheses refer to the OECD average)*

LAND, PEOPLE AND ELECTORAL CYCLE

Population (million)

2.1

Population density per km2

102.5

(37.2)

 Under 15 (%)

14.9

(17.9)

Life expectancy (years, 2014)

81.2

(80.6)

 Over 65 (%)

18.4

(16.6)

 Men

78.2

(77.9)

 Foreign-born (%, 2013)

16.6

 Women

84.1

(83.3)

Latest 5-year average growth (%)

0.2

(0.6)

Latest general election

July 2014

ECONOMY

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Value added shares (%)

 In current prices (billion USD)

44.0

 Primary sector

2.3

(2.5)

 In current prices (billion EUR)

39.8

 Industry including construction

32.4

(26.7)

 Latest 5-year average real growth (%)

0.8

(1.8)

 Services

65.4

(70.8)

 Per capita (000 USD PPP)

33.1

(42.1)

GENERAL GOVERNMENTa

Per cent of GDP

Expenditure

45.5

(40.9)

Gross financial debt

97.8

(109.0)

Revenue

43.6

(38.0)

Net financial debt

29.3

(70.0)

EXTERNAL ACCOUNTS

Exchange rate (EUR per USD)

0.904

Main exports (% of total merchandise exports)

PPP exchange rate (USA = 1)

0.582

 Machinery and transport equipment

37.4

In per cent of GDP

 Manufactured goods

21.0

 Exports of goods and services

79.1

(53.9)

 Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.

17.3

 Imports of goods and services

69.4

(49.3)

Main imports (% of total merchandise imports)

 Current account balance

6.8

(0.3)

 Machinery and transport equipment

31.3

 Net international investment position (2015)

-37.8

 Manufactured goods

18.9

 Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.

15.0

LABOUR MARKET, SKILLS AND INNOVATION

Employment rate for 15-64 year-olds (%)

65.9

(67.0)

Unemployment rate, Labour Force Survey (age 15 and over) (%)

8.0

(6.3)

 Men

68.9

(74.7)

 Youth (age 15-24, %)

15.3

(13.0)

 Women

62.6

(59.3)

 Long-term unemployed (1 year and over, %, 2015)

4.7

(2.2)

Participation rate for 15-64 year-olds (%)

71.8

(71.3)

Tertiary educational attainment 25-64 year-olds (%, 2015)

30.2

(34.3)

Average hours worked per year

1 676

(1 766)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP, 2015)

2.2

(2.4)

ENVIRONMENT

Total primary energy supply per capita (toe, 2015)

3.2

(4.1)

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion per capita (tonnes, 2014)

6.2

(9.4)

 Renewables (%)

16.1

(9.6)

Water abstractions per capita (1 000 m3, 2014)

0.6

Exposure to air pollution (more than 10 μg/m3 of PM2.5, % of population, 2015)

100.0

(75.2)

Municipal waste per capita (tonnes, 2015)

0.4

(0.5)

SOCIETY

Income inequality (Gini coefficient, 2013)

0.255

(0.311)

Education outcomes (PISA score, 2015)

Relative poverty rate (%, 2013)

9.5

(11.1)

 Reading

505

(493)

Median disposable household income (000 USD PPP, 2013)

19.7

(22.0)

 Mathematics

510

(490)

Public and private spending (% of GDP)

 Science

513

(493)

 Health care (2015)

8.4

(9.0)

Share of women in parliament (%)

36.7

(28.3)

 Pensions (2013)

12.0

(9.1)

Net official development assistance (% of GNI)

0.18

(0.39)

 Education (primary, secondary, post sec. non tertiary, 2013)

3.7

(3.7)

Better life index: www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org

a. 2015 for the OECD average.

* Where the OECD aggregate is not provided in the source database, a simple OECD average of latest available data is calculated where data exist for at least 29 member countries.

Source: Calculations based on data extracted from the databases of the following organisations: OECD, International Energy Agency, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Inter-Parliamentary Union.