Basic statistics of Mexico, 2015

This Survey is published on the responsibility of the Economic and Development Review Committee (EDRC) of the OECD, which is charged with the examination of the economic situation of member countries.

The economic situation and policies of Mexico were reviewed by the Committee on 28 November 2016. The draft report was then revised in the light of the discussions and given final approval as the agreed report of the whole Committee on 7 December 2016.

The Secretariat’s draft report was prepared for the Committee by Sean Dougherty, Julien Reynaud and Mabel Gabriel under the supervision of Patrick Lenain. Editorial support was provided by Raquel Páramo and Brigitte Beyeler. The Survey also benefitted from contributions by Adrien Moutel, Octavio Escobar, Fozan Fareed, Mirna Mehrez, and Payal Soneja.

The previous Survey of Mexico was issued in January 2015.

  
BASIC STATISTICS OF MEXICO, 2015
(Numbers in parentheses refer to the OECD average)*

LAND, PEOPLE AND ELECTORAL CYCLE

Population (million)

121.0

Population density per km²

61.6

(35.1)

Under 15 (%)

27.6

(18.0)

Life expectancy (years)

74.8

(80.4)

Over 65 (%)

6.8

(16.3)

Men

72.1

(77.8)

Foreign-born (%)

0.8

Women

77.5

(83.0)

Latest 5-year average growth (%)

1.2

(0.6)

Latest general election

July

2012

ECONOMY

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Value added shares (%)

In current prices (billion USD)

1 148.1

Primary sector

3.3

(2.5)

In current prices (billion MXN)

18 194.8

Industry including construction

32.8

(26.5)

Latest 5-year average real growth (%)

2.8

(1.7)

Services

63.9

(71.1)

Per capita (000 USD PPP)

18.1

(40.2)

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

Per cent of GDP

Expenditures

27.4

(42.3)

General government gross debt

54.0

(116.0)

Revenues

23.2

(38.5)

General government net debt

47.6

(71.6)

EXTERNAL ACCOUNTS

Exchange rate (MXN per USD)

15.8

Main exports (% of total merchandise exports)

PPP exchange rate (USA = 1)

8.3

Machinery and transport equipment

58.3

In per cent of GDP

Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials

10.5

Exports of goods and services

35.3

(54.1)

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

9.5

Imports of goods and services

37.4

(49.7)

Main imports (% of total merchandise imports)

Current account balance

-2.9

(0.15)

Machinery and transport equipment

47.1

Net international investment position

-35.8

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

13.7

Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.

11.4

LABOUR MARKET, SKILLS AND INNOVATION

Employment rate for 15-64 year-olds (%)

60.7

(66.2)

Unemployment rate, Labour Force Survey (age 15 and over) (%)

4.3

(6.8)

Men

78.3

(74.1)

Youth (age 15-24, %)

8.6

(13.9)

Women

44.7

(58.5)

Long-term unemployed (1 year and over, %)

0.1

(2.5)

Participation rate for 15-64 year-olds (%, 2014)

63.7

(71.2)

Tertiary educational attainment 25-64 year-olds (%)

18.6

(34.0)

Average hours worked per year (2013)a

2 228

(1 770)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP)

0.5

(2.4)

ENVIRONMENT

Total primary energy supply per capita (toe, 2014)

1.6

(4.1)

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion per capita (tonnes)

3.8

(9.6)

Renewables (%)

9.1

(9.1)

Water abstractions per capita (1 000 m3)

0.7

Fine particulate matter concentration (PM2.5, μg/m3, 2013)

11.9

(13.8)

Municipal waste per capita (tonnes)

0.4

(0.5)

SOCIETY

Income inequality (Gini coefficient, 2012)

0.457

(0.308)

Education outcomes (PISA score, 2015)

Relative poverty rate (%, 2012)

18.9

(10.9)

Reading

423

(493)

Median disposable household income (000 USD PPP, 2012)

4.9

(22.1)

Mathematics

408

(490)

Public and private spending (% of GDP)

Science

416

(493)

Health care (2013)

6.2

(8.9)

Share of women in parliament (%)

40.6

(27.9)

Pensions (2013)b

1.8

(8.7)

Net official development assistance (% of GNI)

N/A

(0.39)

Education (primary, secondary, post sec. non tertiary, 2015)

3.9

(3.7)

Better life index: www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org

a. 2014 for the OECD aggregate.

b. 2013 for the OECD aggregate.

* Where the OECD aggregate is not provided in the source database, a simple OECD average of latest available data is calculated where data exist for at least 29 member countries.

Source: Calculations based on data extracted from the databases of the following organisations: OECD, International Energy Agency, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Inter-Parliamentary Union.