copy the linklink copied!3. Tax Levels and Tax Structures, 1965-2018

Chapter 3 provides an overview of tax levels and tax structures in OECD countries from 1965-2018.

    

In all of the following tables the symbol (…) indicates not available/or not applicable. The main series in this chapter cover the years 1965 to 2017. A selection of years are shown in this chapter because of lack of space. The complete series is available on line. Data for 1955 and 1960 (for nineteen OECD countries) are provided in part V of the 1998 edition of this Report.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) figures are based on the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA) for all OECD countries.

In this chapter, the OECD average for 2016 in all tables has been calculated excluding the one-off revenues from stability contributions in Iceland.

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Box 3.1. Treatment of capital transfers

Footnotes to Tables 3.1 to 3.18 refer to the treatment of the capital transfers that some countries make to account for taxes that have been assessed but not collected. The capital transfer has been subtracted from the total tax revenue and this reduction has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to their tax revenues.

This applies to the following countries:

  • Denmark from 1971.

  • France from 1992.

  • Lithuania from 1999.

  • Spain from 1995.

  • Switzerland from 1990.

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Table 3.1. Total tax revenue as % of GDP

1965

1990

2000

2007

2010

2012

2014

2016

2017

2018p

Australia

20.6

28.1

30.5

29.5

25.3

26.9

27.3

27.6

28.5

..

Austria

33.5

39.3

42.3

40.5

41.0

41.8

42.7

41.9

41.8

42.2

Belgium

30.6

41.2

43.5

42.7

42.6

44.2

45.1

43.9

44.5

44.8

Canada

25.0

35.1

34.7

32.5

31.0

31.2

31.3

33.2

32.8

33.0

Chile

..

16.9

18.8

22.7

19.6

21.3

19.6

20.1

20.1

21.1

Czech Republic

..

..

32.4

34.2

32.5

33.7

33.1

34.2

34.9

35.3

Denmark1

29.1

44.4

46.9

46.4

44.8

45.5

48.5

45.7

45.7

44.9

Estonia

..

..

31.1

31.3

33.3

31.7

32.1

33.5

32.8

33.2

Finland

30.0

42.9

45.8

41.5

40.8

42.7

43.8

44.0

43.3

42.7

France1

33.7

41.2

43.4

42.5

42.1

44.4

45.4

45.4

46.1

46.1

Germany2

31.7

34.8

36.2

34.9

35.0

36.4

36.7

37.4

37.6

38.2

Greece

17.1

25.2

33.4

31.8

32.0

35.8

36.0

38.7

38.9

38.7

Hungary

..

..

38.5

39.4

37.3

38.4

38.0

39.1

38.2

36.6

Iceland

25.7

30.4

36.0

38.6

32.3

34.0

37.3

50.8

37.5

36.7

Ireland

24.5

32.4

30.8

30.4

27.0

27.6

28.5

23.4

22.5

22.3

Israel

..

..

34.9

34.2

30.7

30.0

31.0

31.1

32.5

31.1

Italy

24.7

36.4

40.6

41.7

41.9

43.9

43.5

42.3

42.1

42.1

Japan

17.6

28.2

25.8

27.5

26.5

28.2

30.3

30.7

31.4

..

Korea

..

18.8

21.5

24.8

23.4

24.8

24.6

26.2

26.9

28.4

Latvia

..

..

29.1

28.3

28.8

29.2

29.8

31.2

31.1

30.7

Lithuania1

..

..

30.8

30.0

28.3

27.0

27.5

29.7

29.5

30.3

Luxembourg

26.4

33.5

36.9

36.1

37.4

38.4

37.6

37.9

38.7

40.1

Mexico

..

12.1

11.5

12.0

12.8

12.6

13.7

16.6

16.1

16.1

Netherlands

30.5

39.7

36.9

35.7

35.7

35.6

37.0

38.4

38.7

38.8

New Zealand

24.5

36.2

32.5

33.9

30.3

31.6

31.3

31.7

32.1

32.7

Norway

29.4

40.2

41.9

42.1

41.9

41.5

38.8

38.7

38.8

39.0

Poland

..

..

32.9

34.6

31.4

32.1

31.9

33.5

34.1

35.0

Portugal

15.7

26.5

31.1

31.8

30.4

31.8

34.3

34.1

34.4

35.4

Slovak Republic

..

..

33.6

29.2

28.1

28.3

31.1

32.3

33.1

33.1

Slovenia

..

..

36.6

37.1

36.9

36.8

36.2

36.5

36.3

36.4

Spain1

14.3

31.6

33.2

36.4

31.2

32.1

33.6

33.3

33.7

34.4

Sweden

31.3

49.4

48.9

44.9

43.2

42.5

42.5

44.2

44.4

43.9

Switzerland1

16.5

23.7

27.6

26.2

26.6

26.9

26.9

27.7

28.4

27.9

Turkey

10.6

14.5

23.6

23.1

24.8

24.9

24.6

25.3

24.9

24.4

United Kingdom

30.1

32.9

32.9

33.0

32.4

32.4

31.8

32.7

33.3

33.5

United States

23.6

26.0

28.3

26.8

23.5

24.0

25.9

25.9

26.8

24.3

Unweighted average

OECD Average3

24.9

31.9

33.8

33.6

32.3

33.1

33.6

34.4

34.2

34.3

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

3. 2018: calculated by applying the unweighted average percentage change for 2018 in the 34 countries providing data for that year to the overall average tax to GDP ratio in 2017. The 2016 OECD average tax-to-GDP ratio includes the one-off revenues from stability contributions in Iceland.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934054949

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Table 3.2. Total tax revenue in billions of US dollars at market exchange rates

1965

1990

2000

2007

2010

2012

2014

2016

2017

2018p

Australia

5.6

90.9

124.4

290.8

328.3

428.0

399.3

362.0

404.0

..

Austria

..

68.6

83.2

157.6

160.5

171.1

188.7

165.1

174.3

192.2

Belgium

..

89.4

103.6

201.6

206.1

220.0

239.2

206.0

220.1

238.4

Canada

14.2

209.2

262.8

477.2

501.4

570.1

564.6

507.6

541.3

564.8

Chile

..

5.8

14.6

39.4

42.8

57.0

51.1

50.4

55.9

62.8

Czech Republic

..

..

20.0

64.8

67.4

70.0

68.8

66.8

75.3

86.5

Denmark1

3.0

61.4

76.9

148.3

144.2

149.0

171.1

142.6

150.8

158.0

Estonia

..

..

1.8

7.0

6.5

7.3

8.5

8.0

8.7

10.1

Finland

..

49.6

57.5

106.0

101.1

109.6

119.4

105.2

109.3

116.9

France1

..

550.7

591.8

1 130.7

1 113.7

1 191.0

1 296.4

1 121.0

1 193.1

1 280.1

Germany2

..

577.4

706.9

1 200.5

1 196.3

1 290.2

1 429.9

1 307.4

1 388.0

1 526.0

Greece

..

14.6

43.5

101.3

95.9

88.0

85.3

75.5

79.1

84.4

Hungary

..

..

18.2

55.1

48.8

49.1

53.2

49.3

53.3

56.9

Iceland

0.1

2.0

3.2

8.3

4.4

5.0

6.6

10.5

9.2

9.5

Ireland

0.7

15.6

30.7

82.0

60.0

62.1

73.6

70.2

75.4

85.3

Israel

..

..

46.2

61.2

72.0

77.4

96.1

99.4

114.9

114.8

Italy

..

336.6

463.6

918.8

889.9

910.7

935.5

790.6

820.4

871.9

Japan

17.1

903.6

1 263.4

1 242.0

1 509.6

1 749.1

1 482.2

1 516.2

1 531.0

..

Korea

..

52.6

120.5

278.2

256.2

303.2

347.0

371.1

411.7

460.4

Latvia

..

..

1.8

8.8

6.8

8.2

9.3

8.6

9.5

10.7

Lithuania1

..

..

3.8

11.9

10.5

11.6

13.3

12.8

14.0

16.1

Luxembourg

..

4.7

7.9

18.4

19.9

21.8

24.8

22.4

24.1

27.8

Mexico

..

35.9

81.2

126.5

135.9

152.2

179.9

179.5

186.9

..

Netherlands

..

132.6

153.7

302.5

301.9

298.7

330.1

300.8

322.0

354.0

New Zealand

1.4

16.4

18.0

47.1

44.9

56.1

63.5

60.3

65.8

67.8

Norway

2.4

48.2

71.8

168.9

179.9

211.7

193.7

143.8

155.0

169.6

Poland

..

..

56.6

148.7

150.6

160.7

173.8

158.3

179.7

205.2

Portugal

..

18.8

36.8

76.4

72.5

68.8

78.7

70.4

75.6

84.2

Slovak Republic

..

..

9.8

25.2

25.1

26.5

31.4

29.0

31.7

35.2

Slovenia

..

..

6.4

17.8

17.7

17.1

18.1

16.3

17.6

19.7

Spain1

..

131.6

197.9

538.0

446.8

429.4

462.6

411.9

442.8

490.5

Sweden

7.8

127.7

127.3

219.4

211.2

231.7

244.4

226.6

237.8

242.1

Switzerland1

2.6

61.3

75.1

125.8

155.3

179.8

190.9

185.7

193.1

197.1

Turkey

1.3

30.2

64.5

156.2

192.0

218.6

229.6

218.4

212.0

186.2

United Kingdom

30.6

359.4

542.9

1 016.8

794.1

870.1

966.3

869.9

878.0

947.4

United States

167.0

1 552.4

2 900.5

3 868.6

3 517.1

3 887.2

4 544.4

4 841.9

5 227.3

5 007.2

Unweighted average

OECD Average

19.5

205.4

233.0

373.5

363.5

398.8

427.0

410.6

435.8

..

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934054968

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Table 3.3. Tax revenue of main headings as % of GDP, 2017

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

EU Custom Duties

Australia

16.8

0.0

1.4

3.0

7.4

0.0

..

Austria

11.8

14.6

2.8

0.5

11.8

0.2

0.1

Belgium

16.2

13.6

0.0

3.5

10.8

0.0

0.4

Canada

15.8

4.6

0.7

3.9

7.7

0.0

..

Chile

6.9

1.5

0.0

1.1

11.0

-0.4

..

Czech Republic

7.7

15.0

0.0

0.5

11.5

0.0

0.2

Denmark1

28.9

0.0

0.3

1.8

14.5

0.0

0.1

Estonia

7.2

11.2

0.0

0.2

14.0

0.0

0.2

Finland

15.4

12.1

0.0

1.5

14.2

0.0

0.1

France1

10.9

16.8

1.5

4.4

11.3

1.2

0.1

Germany2

12.2

14.2

0.0

1.0

9.9

0.1

0.2

Greece

8.9

11.5

0.0

3.1

15.3

0.0

0.1

Hungary

7.5

12.3

0.7

1.1

16.4

0.1

0.1

Iceland

18.4

3.4

0.3

2.1

12.6

0.6

..

Ireland

9.8

3.9

0.1

1.3

7.3

0.0

0.1

Israel

11.6

5.3

1.2

3.2

11.3

0.0

..

Italy

13.4

12.8

0.0

2.6

12.0

1.3

0.1

Japan

9.6

12.5

0.0

2.6

6.6

0.1

..

Korea

8.6

6.9

0.1

3.1

7.5

0.7

..

Latvia

8.2

8.4

0.0

1.0

13.4

0.0

0.2

Lithuania1

5.4

12.3

0.0

0.3

11.4

0.0

0.2

Luxembourg

14.4

11.1

0.0

3.7

9.4

0.1

0.0

Mexico

7.2

2.1

0.4

0.3

5.9

0.2

..

Netherlands

11.6

13.8

0.0

1.6

11.3

0.1

0.3

New Zealand

17.8

0.0

0.0

1.9

12.3

0.0

..

Norway

15.1

10.3

0.1

1.3

12.0

0.0

..

Poland

6.9

12.8

0.2

1.4

12.6

0.1

0.2

Portugal

9.7

9.2

0.0

1.4

13.8

0.3

0.1

Slovak Republic

7.0

14.5

0.0

0.4

11.0

0.0

0.2

Slovenia

6.9

14.5

0.1

0.6

14.0

0.0

0.1

Spain1

9.6

11.5

0.0

2.5

9.9

0.0

0.2

Sweden

16.1

9.7

5.1

1.0

12.3

0.0

0.1

Switzerland1

13.5

6.7

0.0

2.2

6.0

0.1

..

Turkey

5.3

7.3

0.0

1.1

10.8

0.3

..

United Kingdom

11.9

6.4

0.1

4.2

10.6

0.0

0.2

United States

12.1

6.2

0.0

4.3

4.2

0.0

..

Unweighted average

OECD Average

11.6

9.1

0.4

1.9

10.9

0.1

0.2

.. Not available

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934054987

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Table 3.4. Tax revenue of main headings as % of total tax revenue, 2017

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

EU Custom Duties

Australia

58.8

0.0

4.8

10.3

26.0

0.0

..

Austria

28.3

34.9

6.6

1.3

28.1

0.5

0.3

Belgium

36.5

30.5

0.0

7.9

24.2

0.0

0.8

Canada

48.2

14.1

2.0

12.0

23.5

0.1

..

Chile

34.5

7.3

0.0

5.4

54.8

-2.0

..

Czech Republic

22.2

43.0

0.0

1.4

32.9

0.1

0.5

Denmark1

63.3

0.1

0.5

3.9

31.8

0.0

0.3

Estonia

22.1

34.1

0.0

0.7

42.6

0.0

0.5

Finland

35.5

27.8

0.0

3.6

32.9

0.1

0.2

France1

23.6

36.4

3.4

9.5

24.5

2.5

0.2

Germany2

32.5

37.9

0.0

2.7

26.3

0.2

0.4

Greece

22.8

29.6

0.0

7.9

39.3

0.0

0.4

Hungary

19.6

32.1

1.9

2.8

42.9

0.3

0.3

Iceland

49.2

9.1

0.8

5.5

33.7

1.7

..

Ireland

43.5

17.1

0.6

5.7

32.4

0.0

0.5

Israel

35.5

16.2

3.7

10.0

34.6

0.0

..

Italy

31.7

30.3

0.0

6.2

28.4

3.1

0.3

Japan

30.7

39.9

0.0

8.2

21.0

0.2

..

Korea

32.1

25.7

0.3

11.7

27.7

2.5

..

Latvia

26.2

26.9

0.0

3.3

43.0

0.0

0.5

Lithuania1

18.1

41.5

0.0

1.0

38.5

0.0

0.8

Luxembourg

37.2

28.6

0.0

9.6

24.3

0.3

0.1

Mexico

44.6

13.3

2.4

1.9

36.4

1.5

..

Netherlands

30.0

35.7

0.0

4.0

29.1

0.3

0.8

New Zealand

55.6

0.0

0.0

6.0

38.4

0.0

..

Norway

39.0

26.6

0.1

3.3

30.9

0.0

..

Poland

20.2

37.5

0.7

4.0

36.9

0.1

0.5

Portugal

28.2

26.8

0.0

3.9

40.0

0.8

0.3

Slovak Republic

21.2

43.9

0.0

1.3

33.1

0.0

0.5

Slovenia

19.1

40.0

0.1

1.8

38.6

0.0

0.3

Spain1

28.6

34.0

0.0

7.5

29.3

0.0

0.5

Sweden

36.3

21.8

11.5

2.2

27.8

0.1

0.3

Switzerland1

47.3

23.6

0.0

7.6

21.1

0.5

..

Turkey

21.4

29.3

0.0

4.5

43.5

1.3

..

United Kingdom

35.7

19.2

0.3

12.5

31.9

0.0

0.5

United States

45.2

23.0

0.0

16.0

15.7

0.0

..

Unweighted average

OECD Average

34.0

26.0

1.1

5.8

32.4

0.4

0.4

.. Not available

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055006

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Table 3.5. Tax revenue of main headings as % of GDP, 2018p

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

EU Custom Duties

Australia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Austria

12.4

14.7

2.7

0.5

11.6

0.2

0.1

Belgium

16.5

13.5

0.0

3.5

10.9

0.0

0.4

Canada

16.1

4.6

0.7

3.9

7.7

0.0

..

Chile

7.5

1.5

0.0

1.1

11.2

-0.2

..

Czech Republic

7.8

15.6

0.0

0.5

11.3

0.0

0.2

Denmark1

27.9

0.0

0.3

1.8

14.7

0.0

0.1

Estonia

7.5

11.6

0.0

0.2

13.7

0.0

0.2

Finland

14.9

11.9

0.0

1.4

14.4

0.0

0.1

France1

11.6

16.1

1.5

4.1

11.5

1.2

0.1

Germany2

12.5

14.4

0.0

1.0

10.0

0.1

0.1

Greece

8.9

11.6

0.0

3.1

15.1

0.0

0.0

Hungary

6.3

12.1

0.8

1.0

16.1

0.1

0.2

Iceland

18.3

3.5

0.3

2.0

12.0

0.6

..

Ireland

10.2

3.8

0.2

1.3

6.7

0.0

0.1

Israel

10.2

5.2

1.2

3.2

11.3

0.0

..

Italy

13.0

13.1

0.0

2.6

11.9

1.3

0.1

Japan

10.1

..

0.0

2.6

6.2

0.1

..

Korea

9.7

7.2

0.1

3.3

7.5

0.6

..

Latvia

6.9

9.0

0.0

0.9

13.7

0.0

0.2

Lithuania1

5.6

12.7

0.0

0.3

11.4

0.0

0.3

Luxembourg

15.4

11.0

0.0

3.9

9.6

0.1

0.0

Mexico

7.1

2.2

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

11.5

14.0

0.0

1.6

11.3

0.1

0.3

New Zealand

18.2

0.0

0.0

2.0

12.6

0.0

..

Norway

15.8

10.1

0.1

1.3

11.7

0.0

..

Poland

7.4

13.1

0.2

1.3

12.3

0.6

..

Portugal

10.0

9.5

0.0

1.4

14.0

0.3

0.1

Slovak Republic

7.0

14.6

0.0

0.4

10.9

0.0

0.1

Slovenia

7.2

14.5

0.0

0.6

13.8

0.0

0.1

Spain1

10.1

11.6

0.0

2.5

10.0

0.0

0.2

Sweden

15.7

9.7

5.1

1.0

12.3

0.0

0.1

Switzerland1

13.3

6.6

0.0

2.1

5.8

0.1

..

Turkey

5.9

7.3

0.0

1.1

9.9

0.3

..

United Kingdom

12.0

6.4

0.1

4.1

10.7

0.0

0.2

United States

11.0

6.1

0.0

3.0

4.3

0.0

..

Unweighted average

OECD Average

11.5

9.4

0.5

1.9

11.1

0.2

0.1

.. Not available

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055025

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Table 3.6. Tax revenue of main headings as % of total tax revenue, 2018p

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

EU Custom Duties

Australia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Austria

29.3

34.8

6.4

1.3

27.5

0.5

0.3

Belgium

36.8

30.1

0.0

7.8

24.4

0.0

0.9

Canada

48.8

14.0

2.0

11.7

23.4

0.1

..

Chile

35.8

6.9

0.0

5.1

53.3

-1.1

..

Czech Republic

22.0

44.1

0.0

1.3

32.1

0.0

0.4

Denmark1

62.2

0.1

0.6

4.1

32.7

0.0

0.3

Estonia

22.6

34.9

0.0

0.7

41.3

0.0

0.5

Finland

34.8

27.9

0.0

3.4

33.6

0.0

0.2

France1

25.1

34.9

3.3

8.9

25.0

2.6

0.2

Germany2

32.8

37.7

0.0

2.7

26.2

0.2

0.4

Greece

23.0

30.1

0.0

7.9

39.0

0.0

0.0

Hungary

17.3

33.2

2.1

2.7

44.0

0.2

0.4

Iceland

49.9

9.5

0.8

5.5

32.6

1.7

..

Ireland

45.7

17.0

0.8

5.9

30.0

0.0

0.5

Israel

32.7

16.7

3.8

10.3

36.5

0.0

..

Italy

31.0

31.1

0.0

6.1

28.3

3.2

0.3

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

34.1

25.4

0.3

11.6

26.3

2.3

..

Latvia

22.6

29.3

0.0

3.0

44.5

0.0

0.6

Lithuania1

18.5

42.1

0.0

1.0

37.5

0.0

0.9

Luxembourg

38.6

27.4

0.0

9.8

24.1

0.2

0.1

Mexico

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

29.6

36.0

0.0

4.0

29.3

0.3

0.8

New Zealand

55.6

0.0

0.0

6.0

38.5

0.0

..

Norway

40.6

25.9

0.1

3.3

30.1

0.0

..

Poland

21.2

37.5

0.6

3.8

35.1

1.8

..

Portugal

28.2

26.8

0.0

4.1

39.6

1.0

0.3

Slovak Republic

21.2

44.1

0.0

1.2

33.1

0.0

0.4

Slovenia

19.9

40.0

0.1

1.7

38.0

0.0

0.3

Spain1

29.3

33.8

0.0

7.3

29.1

0.0

0.5

Sweden

35.8

22.0

11.6

2.2

28.0

0.1

0.3

Switzerland1

47.5

23.6

0.0

7.6

20.8

0.5

..

Turkey

24.2

30.0

0.0

4.3

40.5

1.1

..

United Kingdom

35.8

19.1

0.4

12.3

32.0

0.0

0.5

United States

45.1

25.1

0.0

12.2

17.6

0.0

..

Unweighted average

OECD Average

33.3

27.0

1.2

5.5

32.5

0.4

0.4

.. Not available

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055044

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Table 3.7. Taxes on income and profits (1000) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

16.1

17.6

14.3

15.8

16.8

57.1

57.9

56.5

57.2

58.8

Austria

10.0

12.0

11.5

11.7

11.8

25.5

28.3

28.1

28.0

28.3

Belgium

15.2

16.8

14.6

15.6

16.2

36.9

38.6

34.2

35.6

36.5

Canada

17.0

17.4

14.5

15.9

15.8

48.6

50.1

46.6

48.0

48.2

Chile

3.9

4.4

7.5

6.8

6.9

23.2

23.3

38.1

33.5

34.5

Czech Republic

..

7.4

6.6

7.6

7.7

..

22.8

20.2

22.2

22.2

Denmark1

27.1

28.8

27.5

28.7

28.9

61.2

61.4

61.5

62.8

63.3

Estonia

..

7.7

6.6

7.5

7.2

..

24.8

19.8

22.4

22.1

Finland

16.8

19.7

14.5

15.2

15.4

39.2

43.1

35.5

34.6

35.5

France1

6.6

10.8

9.5

10.6

10.9

16.1

24.8

22.6

23.3

23.6

Germany2

11.3

10.9

10.0

11.9

12.2

32.4

30.1

28.5

31.8

32.5

Greece

5.0

9.0

7.1

9.1

8.9

19.9

26.8

22.0

23.4

22.8

Hungary

..

9.3

7.7

7.6

7.5

..

24.3

20.7

19.3

19.6

Iceland

9.0

14.3

14.3

17.2

18.4

29.7

39.9

44.4

33.9

49.2

Ireland

12.3

13.4

10.5

10.1

9.8

38.0

43.6

38.7

43.1

43.5

Israel

..

13.8

9.0

9.8

11.6

..

39.6

29.1

31.6

35.5

Italy

13.3

13.5

13.7

13.5

13.4

36.5

33.2

32.7

31.9

31.7

Japan

14.2

9.0

8.0

9.4

9.6

50.2

34.8

30.2

30.6

30.7

Korea

6.2

6.2

6.6

8.2

8.6

32.8

28.8

28.0

31.2

32.1

Latvia

..

7.0

7.2

8.0

8.2

..

24.1

25.0

25.7

26.2

Lithuania1

..

8.2

4.6

5.6

5.4

..

26.7

16.1

18.8

18.1

Luxembourg

13.5

13.5

13.6

14.0

14.4

40.2

36.5

36.4

36.8

37.2

Mexico

4.1

4.1

5.1

7.1

7.2

34.0

36.0

39.8

42.7

44.6

Netherlands

12.8

9.6

9.9

10.4

11.6

32.3

25.9

27.9

27.2

30.0

New Zealand

21.6

19.5

16.3

17.6

17.8

59.6

60.0

53.8

55.6

55.6

Norway

14.2

18.8

19.7

14.7

15.1

35.2

45.0

47.1

37.9

39.0

Poland

..

6.7

6.3

6.7

6.9

..

20.4

20.0

19.9

20.2

Portugal

6.8

9.1

8.1

9.8

9.7

25.7

29.3

26.8

28.7

28.2

Slovak Republic

..

6.9

5.3

7.0

7.0

..

20.5

19.0

21.6

21.2

Slovenia

..

6.8

7.4

6.9

6.9

..

18.5

20.1

18.8

19.1

Spain1

9.7

9.4

8.8

9.4

9.6

30.6

28.3

28.1

28.2

28.6

Sweden

20.6

19.9

15.3

15.9

16.1

41.6

40.8

35.5

36.0

36.3

Switzerland1

11.2

12.2

12.1

12.9

13.5

47.1

44.2

45.7

46.6

47.3

Turkey

4.9

7.0

5.3

5.4

5.3

33.5

29.5

21.3

21.1

21.4

United Kingdom

12.9

13.1

12.2

11.7

11.9

39.3

39.6

37.7

35.7

35.7

United States

11.8

14.2

9.9

12.4

12.1

45.2

50.1

42.3

48.0

45.2

Unweighted average

OECD Average

12.1

11.9

10.6

11.3

11.6

37.5

34.8

32.8

33.2

34.0

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055063

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Table 3.8. Taxes on personal income (1100) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

12.1

11.5

9.8

11.3

11.5

43.0

37.7

38.6

40.8

40.3

Austria

8.2

9.3

9.2

9.1

9.1

21.0

22.0

22.4

21.6

21.7

Belgium

13.2

13.7

12.0

12.1

12.1

32.0

31.4

28.2

27.7

27.2

Canada

14.3

12.8

10.9

11.9

11.7

40.8

36.8

35.0

35.8

35.7

Chile

0.9

1.4

1.3

1.8

1.9

5.6

7.6

6.8

8.8

9.7

Czech Republic

..

4.2

3.3

3.8

4.0

..

12.9

10.2

11.2

11.5

Denmark1

24.0

24.7

23.2

24.3

24.2

54.0

52.7

51.9

53.1

52.9

Estonia

..

6.8

5.3

5.8

5.7

..

22.0

15.9

17.3

17.4

Finland

14.9

14.0

12.1

13.0

12.6

34.7

30.6

29.5

29.6

29.2

France1

4.4

7.8

7.2

8.6

8.6

10.7

18.0

17.0

18.9

18.6

Germany2

9.6

9.2

8.5

9.9

10.2

27.6

25.3

24.3

26.5

27.1

Greece

3.6

4.3

4.0

5.9

6.2

14.1

13.0

12.5

15.2

16.0

Hungary

..

7.2

6.5

5.2

5.4

..

18.6

17.4

13.3

14.2

Iceland

8.2

12.5

11.8

13.5

14.3

26.9

34.8

36.5

26.7

38.0

Ireland

10.7

9.8

8.1

7.4

7.0

33.1

31.9

30.0

31.5

31.2

Israel

..

10.2

5.5

6.2

6.7

..

29.1

18.0

19.8

20.7

Italy

9.6

10.1

11.3

10.9

10.8

26.3

24.8

26.9

25.7

25.7

Japan

7.8

5.4

4.9

5.7

5.9

27.8

21.1

18.6

18.6

18.8

Korea

3.8

3.1

3.3

4.6

4.8

20.0

14.6

14.2

17.6

17.9

Latvia

..

5.5

6.2

6.3

6.6

..

18.8

21.6

20.3

21.1

Lithuania1

..

7.6

3.6

4.0

3.9

..

24.6

12.6

13.4

13.1

Luxembourg

8.1

6.8

7.9

9.4

9.1

24.1

18.5

21.0

24.6

23.6

Mexico

..

..

2.3

3.4

3.4

..

..

18.3

20.4

21.4

Netherlands

9.8

5.6

7.7

7.1

8.3

24.7

15.1

21.5

18.5

21.6

New Zealand

17.4

14.0

11.4

11.7

12.1

48.0

43.1

37.7

36.8

37.8

Norway

10.5

10.1

9.9

10.7

10.3

26.2

24.1

23.6

27.6

26.5

Poland

..

4.3

4.4

4.8

5.0

..

13.2

13.9

14.4

14.6

Portugal

4.2

5.4

5.4

6.8

6.5

15.9

17.4

17.6

19.8

18.8

Slovak Republic

..

3.3

2.6

3.3

3.4

..

9.9

9.4

10.2

10.2

Slovenia

..

5.5

5.6

5.3

5.1

..

15.0

15.1

14.4

14.2

Spain1

6.9

6.4

6.8

7.1

7.3

21.7

19.2

21.9

21.4

21.8

Sweden

19.0

16.3

12.0

13.2

13.3

38.5

33.2

27.9

29.8

29.9

Switzerland1

7.7

8.2

8.5

8.6

8.6

32.6

29.7

31.8

31.0

30.3

Turkey

3.9

5.2

3.5

3.7

3.6

26.8

22.2

14.0

14.6

14.5

United Kingdom

9.7

9.6

9.3

9.0

9.1

29.4

29.0

28.6

27.4

27.2

United States

9.8

11.9

8.2

10.4

10.4

37.7

42.2

34.8

40.2

38.7

Unweighted average

OECD Average

9.7

8.7

7.6

8.2

8.3

28.6

24.6

22.9

23.5

23.9

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055082

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Table 3.9. Taxes on corporate income (1200) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

4.0

6.2

4.5

4.5

5.3

14.1

20.2

17.9

16.5

18.5

Austria

1.4

1.9

1.9

2.4

2.5

3.6

4.6

4.6

5.6

5.9

Belgium

2.0

3.1

2.5

3.4

4.1

4.8

7.2

5.9

7.8

9.3

Canada

2.5

4.2

3.2

3.7

3.7

7.0

12.2

10.5

11.3

11.4

Chile

2.1

2.1

4.0

4.2

4.3

12.4

11.2

20.4

20.9

21.1

Czech Republic

..

3.2

3.2

3.7

3.7

..

9.9

10.0

11.0

10.7

Denmark1

1.7

3.2

2.3

2.8

3.3

3.8

6.8

5.0

6.2

7.2

Estonia

..

0.9

1.3

1.7

1.5

..

2.8

4.0

5.1

4.7

Finland

1.9

5.7

2.4

2.2

2.7

4.5

12.5

6.0

5.0

6.3

France1

2.2

3.0

2.3

2.0

2.3

5.3

6.9

5.5

4.5

5.1

Germany2

1.7

1.8

1.5

2.0

2.0

4.8

4.8

4.3

5.3

5.4

Greece

1.4

4.0

2.5

2.5

1.9

5.5

11.9

7.9

6.4

5.0

Hungary

..

2.2

1.2

2.3

2.1

..

5.7

3.3

6.0

5.5

Iceland

0.8

1.2

0.9

2.5

3.1

2.8

3.3

2.7

4.9

8.2

Ireland

1.6

3.6

2.4

2.7

2.8

4.9

11.7

8.7

11.6

12.3

Israel

..

3.3

2.6

3.1

3.3

..

9.6

8.6

9.9

10.1

Italy

3.7

2.8

2.3

2.1

2.1

10.0

6.9

5.5

5.1

5.0

Japan

6.3

3.5

3.1

3.7

3.7

22.4

13.7

11.6

12.0

11.8

Korea

2.4

3.0

3.2

3.6

3.8

12.8

14.1

13.8

13.6

14.2

Latvia

..

1.5

1.0

1.7

1.6

..

5.3

3.4

5.4

5.1

Lithuania1

..

0.7

1.0

1.6

1.5

..

2.2

3.5

5.4

5.1

Luxembourg

5.4

6.6

5.8

4.6

5.2

16.1

18.0

15.4

12.2

13.6

Mexico

..

..

1.8

3.5

3.5

..

..

14.4

21.0

21.8

Netherlands

3.0

4.0

2.3

3.3

3.3

7.5

10.9

6.4

8.7

8.5

New Zealand

2.3

4.0

3.7

4.9

4.7

6.5

12.4

12.2

15.5

14.7

Norway

3.6

8.8

9.9

4.0

4.9

9.0

20.9

23.5

10.4

12.5

Poland

..

2.4

1.9

1.8

1.9

..

7.3

6.2

5.5

5.6

Portugal

2.1

3.7

2.7

3.0

3.2

8.0

11.9

9.0

8.9

9.4

Slovak Republic

..

2.6

2.5

3.5

3.4

..

7.7

8.7

10.7

10.4

Slovenia

..

1.1

1.8

1.6

1.8

..

3.1

5.0

4.4

4.9

Spain1

2.8

3.0

1.9

2.3

2.3

8.8

9.1

6.2

6.8

6.8

Sweden

1.5

3.7

3.3

2.7

2.8

3.1

7.5

7.6

6.2

6.3

Switzerland1

1.8

2.5

2.7

3.1

3.1

7.4

8.9

10.0

11.3

10.7

Turkey

1.0

1.7

1.8

1.6

1.7

6.7

7.3

7.3

6.5

6.8

United Kingdom3

3.3

3.5

2.9

2.7

2.8

9.9

10.6

9.1

8.3

8.5

United States

2.0

2.2

1.8

2.0

1.7

7.5

7.9

7.5

7.9

6.5

Unweighted average

OECD Average

2.5

3.2

2.7

2.9

3.0

8.1

9.3

8.7

9.0

9.3

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

3. Corporate income tax revenues for the United Kingdom are based on data provided in July; this was prior to revisions made to the historic Corporation tax data in September, so the revisions are not reflected here. For the latest UK Corporation tax data, please see www.gov.uk/government/statistics/corporation-tax-statistics-2019 the main revisions are explained on page 13 of https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/833371/Aug19_Receipts_NS_Bulletin_Final.odt.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055101

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Table 3.10. Social security contributions (2000) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Austria

12.9

14.3

14.0

14.5

14.6

32.9

33.8

34.2

34.7

34.9

Belgium

13.7

13.4

13.8

13.6

13.6

33.2

30.8

32.4

31.1

30.5

Canada

4.3

4.7

4.6

4.9

4.6

12.1

13.6

14.9

14.7

14.1

Chile

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.4

1.5

9.0

7.3

6.8

7.2

7.3

Czech Republic

..

14.4

14.5

14.7

15.0

..

44.3

44.8

42.9

43.0

Denmark1

0.0

0.6

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

1.4

0.2

0.1

0.1

Estonia

..

10.9

12.8

11.2

11.2

..

35.1

38.4

33.4

34.1

Finland

11.0

11.6

12.1

12.8

12.1

25.6

25.2

29.7

29.1

27.8

France1

18.1

15.6

16.1

16.7

16.8

44.1

35.9

38.3

36.8

36.4

Germany2

13.0

14.1

13.7

14.1

14.2

37.5

39.0

39.2

37.6

37.9

Greece

7.6

10.1

10.9

10.9

11.5

30.2

30.3

34.2

28.3

29.6

Hungary

..

11.3

11.7

13.0

12.3

..

29.3

31.4

33.2

32.1

Iceland

1.0

2.8

3.8

3.4

3.4

3.1

7.7

11.8

6.7

9.1

Ireland

4.6

3.6

5.0

3.9

3.9

14.1

11.8

18.6

16.9

17.1

Israel

..

5.1

5.2

5.2

5.3

..

14.6

16.9

16.6

16.2

Italy

12.0

11.6

13.0

12.8

12.8

32.9

28.5

31.1

30.2

30.3

Japan

7.5

9.1

10.9

12.4

12.5

26.5

35.2

41.1

40.4

39.9

Korea

1.9

3.6

5.5

6.9

6.9

10.1

16.7

23.3

26.2

25.7

Latvia

..

9.8

8.7

8.3

8.4

..

33.5

30.1

26.5

26.9

Lithuania1

..

10.1

11.7

12.1

12.3

..

32.8

41.4

40.8

41.5

Luxembourg

9.2

9.6

10.8

10.8

11.1

27.5

26.1

29.0

28.4

28.6

Mexico

2.0

2.1

2.1

2.2

2.1

16.8

18.0

16.2

13.0

13.3

Netherlands

14.9

14.3

12.9

14.7

13.8

37.4

38.7

36.3

38.2

35.7

New Zealand

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Norway

10.6

8.8

9.4

10.6

10.3

26.3

20.9

22.4

27.4

26.6

Poland

..

12.9

10.8

12.7

12.8

..

39.2

34.4

37.9

37.5

Portugal

7.2

7.9

8.6

9.1

9.2

27.2

25.5

28.3

26.6

26.8

Slovak Republic

..

14.0

12.1

14.1

14.5

..

41.5

43.0

43.5

43.9

Slovenia

..

13.9

14.8

14.5

14.5

..

38.0

40.2

39.7

40.0

Spain1

11.2

11.6

11.7

11.3

11.5

35.4

34.9

37.5

33.9

34.0

Sweden

13.5

12.9

10.9

10.0

9.7

27.2

26.3

25.3

22.6

21.8

Switzerland1

5.5

6.7

6.3

6.7

6.7

23.3

24.1

23.5

24.2

23.6

Turkey

2.9

4.4

6.2

7.3

7.3

19.7

18.7

24.9

28.8

29.3

United Kingdom

5.6

5.5

6.1

6.2

6.4

17.0

16.8

18.9

18.9

19.2

United States

6.7

6.7

6.1

6.2

6.2

25.6

23.6

26.1

23.8

23.0

Unweighted average

OECD Average

7.3

8.6

8.8

9.1

9.1

22.0

25.0

26.8

26.1

26.0

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055120

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Table 3.11. Taxes on payroll and workforce (3000) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

1.7

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.4

6.1

4.5

5.2

4.9

4.8

Austria

2.4

2.7

2.8

2.9

2.8

6.0

6.4

6.9

7.0

6.6

Belgium

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Canada

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.7

2.3

2.1

2.1

2.1

2.0

Chile

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Czech Republic

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Denmark1

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.7

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.5

Estonia

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Finland

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

France1

0.8

1.0

1.3

1.5

1.5

1.9

2.3

3.2

3.4

3.4

Germany2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Greece

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Hungary

..

1.4

0.4

0.6

0.7

..

3.6

1.1

1.6

1.9

Iceland

1.1

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.3

3.5

0.1

0.5

0.6

0.8

Ireland

0.4

0.0

0.2

0.1

0.1

1.3

0.0

0.7

0.6

0.6

Israel

..

1.3

1.2

1.1

1.2

..

3.6

3.8

3.7

3.7

Italy

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Japan

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Korea

0.1

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

Latvia

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

Lithuania1

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Luxembourg

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Mexico

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

1.8

1.5

2.2

2.3

2.4

Netherlands

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

New Zealand

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Norway

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

Poland

..

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.2

..

0.7

0.8

0.7

0.7

Portugal

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Slovak Republic

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Slovenia

..

1.5

0.1

0.0

0.1

..

4.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

Spain1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Sweden

1.2

2.1

3.1

4.6

5.1

2.5

4.3

7.1

10.5

11.5

Switzerland1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Turkey

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

United Kingdom

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

United States

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

Unweighted average

OECD Average

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.4

1.0

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.1

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055139

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Table 3.12. Taxes on property (4000) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

2.5

2.7

2.4

3.0

3.0

9.0

8.8

9.4

10.8

10.3

Austria

1.1

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.5

2.7

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

Belgium

1.6

2.0

3.1

3.5

3.5

3.8

4.7

7.2

8.0

7.9

Canada

3.5

3.3

3.8

4.0

3.9

10.0

9.5

12.3

12.1

12.0

Chile

1.0

1.3

0.8

1.0

1.1

6.2

7.0

4.1

5.1

5.4

Czech Republic

..

0.5

0.4

0.5

0.5

..

1.4

1.3

1.4

1.4

Denmark1

1.9

1.6

1.8

1.8

1.8

4.3

3.3

4.1

4.0

3.9

Estonia

..

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.2

..

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.7

Finland

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.4

1.5

2.4

2.4

2.7

3.2

3.6

France1

2.6

3.1

3.6

4.2

4.4

6.3

7.2

8.6

9.3

9.5

Germany2

1.2

0.8

0.8

1.1

1.0

3.4

2.3

2.3

2.8

2.7

Greece

1.2

2.6

1.7

3.1

3.1

4.6

7.7

5.2

8.0

7.9

Hungary

..

0.7

1.1

1.1

1.1

..

1.7

3.1

2.8

2.8

Iceland3

2.6

2.8

2.3

17.4

2.1

8.4

7.9

7.0

34.2

5.5

Ireland

1.5

1.8

1.4

1.4

1.3

4.6

5.7

5.3

6.1

5.7

Israel

..

3.1

3.3

3.2

3.2

..

9.0

10.7

10.3

10.0

Italy

0.8

1.9

2.0

2.8

2.6

2.3

4.6

4.8

6.6

6.2

Japan

2.7

2.7

2.6

2.6

2.6

9.4

10.5

9.7

8.3

8.2

Korea

2.2

2.7

2.6

3.0

3.1

11.8

12.4

11.3

11.6

11.7

Latvia

..

1.1

0.9

1.1

1.0

..

3.8

3.0

3.4

3.3

Lithuania1

..

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.3

..

1.5

1.3

1.1

1.0

Luxembourg

2.8

3.9

2.6

3.5

3.7

8.4

10.7

7.1

9.3

9.6

Mexico

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

1.9

1.8

2.3

1.9

1.9

Netherlands

1.5

1.9

1.4

1.5

1.6

3.7

5.3

3.8

4.0

4.0

New Zealand

2.5

1.7

2.0

1.9

1.9

6.8

5.3

6.6

6.1

6.0

Norway

1.2

1.0

1.2

1.3

1.3

2.9

2.3

2.8

3.2

3.3

Poland

..

1.4

1.3

1.4

1.4

..

4.3

4.2

4.1

4.0

Portugal

0.7

1.1

1.1

1.3

1.4

2.7

3.7

3.5

3.7

3.9

Slovak Republic

..

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.4

..

1.8

1.5

1.3

1.3

Slovenia

..

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

..

1.7

1.7

1.7

1.8

Spain1

1.7

2.1

2.1

2.6

2.5

5.5

6.4

6.6

7.7

7.5

Sweden

1.7

1.7

1.0

1.1

1.0

3.5

3.4

2.4

2.4

2.2

Switzerland1

2.1

2.7

2.0

2.0

2.2

8.9

9.7

7.6

7.4

7.6

Turkey

0.3

0.7

1.0

1.2

1.1

2.3

3.2

4.1

4.8

4.5

United Kingdom

2.7

3.8

3.9

4.1

4.2

8.2

11.5

12.0

12.6

12.5

United States

3.1

2.9

3.2

3.0

4.3

11.8

10.3

13.5

11.5

16.0

Unweighted average

OECD Average

1.8

1.8

1.7

2.3

1.9

5.8

5.4

5.4

6.5

5.8

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

3. The 2016 figure for Iceland includes the one-off revenues from stability contributions.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055158

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Table 3.13. Taxes on goods and services (5000) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

7.8

8.8

7.3

7.5

7.4

27.8

28.8

29.0

27.1

26.0

Austria

12.4

12.2

11.6

11.8

11.8

31.5

28.9

28.4

28.2

28.1

Belgium

10.7

10.9

10.8

10.8

10.8

26.1

25.0

25.3

24.5

24.2

Canada

9.1

8.4

7.4

7.6

7.7

25.8

24.2

24.0

23.1

23.5

Chile

10.6

12.0

10.0

11.0

11.0

62.9

63.8

51.2

54.6

54.8

Czech Republic

..

10.2

10.8

11.3

11.5

..

31.5

33.2

33.0

32.9

Denmark1

15.1

15.5

14.9

14.7

14.5

33.9

33.1

33.3

32.1

31.8

Estonia

..

12.1

13.4

14.4

14.0

..

38.8

40.2

42.9

42.6

Finland

14.0

13.3

13.0

14.5

14.2

32.5

29.0

31.8

32.8

32.9

France1

11.7

11.2

10.5

11.1

11.3

28.4

25.8

24.8

24.4

24.5

Germany2

9.3

10.2

10.3

10.1

9.9

26.7

28.1

29.5

27.1

26.3

Greece

11.2

11.6

12.3

15.5

15.3

44.5

34.8

38.2

40.0

39.3

Hungary

..

15.6

16.0

16.6

16.4

..

40.5

42.9

42.4

42.9

Iceland

15.6

15.9

11.4

11.9

12.6

51.3

44.1

35.2

23.4

33.7

Ireland

13.6

11.7

9.8

7.6

7.3

41.9

38.2

36.2

32.5

32.4

Israel

..

11.6

12.1

11.8

11.3

..

33.1

39.4

37.8

34.6

Italy

10.2

11.3

11.0

11.9

12.0

28.0

27.9

26.3

28.2

28.4

Japan

3.9

5.0

5.0

6.3

6.6

13.7

19.3

18.7

20.4

21.0

Korea

8.3

8.2

7.9

7.4

7.5

44.3

38.4

33.7

28.1

27.7

Latvia

..

11.2

11.9

13.6

13.4

..

38.6

41.3

43.7

43.0

Lithuania1

..

12.0

11.5

11.4

11.4

..

39.0

40.6

38.4

38.5

Luxembourg

7.9

9.7

10.2

9.6

9.4

23.6

26.3

27.3

25.3

24.3

Mexico

5.3

4.8

4.9

6.4

5.9

44.0

41.7

38.0

38.8

36.4

Netherlands

10.5

10.7

11.0

11.3

11.3

26.4

28.9

30.8

29.5

29.1

New Zealand

12.1

11.3

12.0

12.1

12.3

33.6

34.7

39.6

38.3

38.4

Norway

14.3

13.3

11.6

12.1

12.0

35.5

31.8

27.7

31.4

30.9

Poland

..

11.6

12.6

12.3

12.6

..

35.3

40.1

36.8

36.9

Portugal

11.7

12.5

12.2

13.5

13.8

44.2

40.3

40.2

39.7

40.0

Slovak Republic

..

12.2

10.1

10.7

11.0

..

36.2

35.8

33.1

33.1

Slovenia

..

13.8

13.8

14.4

14.0

..

37.6

37.3

39.3

38.6

Spain1

9.0

10.0

8.5

9.9

9.9

28.4

30.0

27.2

29.8

29.3

Sweden

12.3

12.1

12.7

12.4

12.3

25.0

24.8

29.3

28.1

27.8

Switzerland1

4.9

6.0

6.1

5.9

6.0

20.6

21.8

22.8

21.4

21.1

Turkey

4.1

9.9

11.8

11.0

10.8

27.9

42.0

47.7

43.6

43.5

United Kingdom

10.2

10.4

10.0

10.6

10.6

31.0

31.6

30.8

32.3

31.9

United States

4.6

4.5

4.2

4.3

4.2

17.5

16.0

18.1

16.6

15.7

Unweighted average

OECD Average

10.0

10.9

10.6

11.0

10.9

32.5

33.0

33.2

32.5

32.4

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055177

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Table 3.14. Value added taxes (5111) as % of GDP and as % of total tax revenue

% of GDP

% of total tax revenue

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

1990

2000

2010

2016

2017

Australia

0.0

3.4

3.4

3.6

3.5

0.0

11.1

13.4

12.9

12.2

Austria

8.2

7.9

7.7

7.7

7.7

20.8

18.7

18.7

18.3

18.3

Belgium

6.8

7.0

6.9

6.8

6.8

16.4

16.1

16.2

15.4

15.2

Canada

0.0

3.2

4.2

4.5

4.5

0.0

9.2

13.7

13.4

13.7

Chile

6.3

7.9

7.5

8.3

8.4

37.4

41.8

38.5

41.2

41.6

Czech Republic

..

5.9

6.6

7.4

7.7

..

18.3

20.5

21.7

22.0

Denmark1

8.4

9.2

9.4

9.4

9.5

18.9

19.5

21.1

20.5

20.7

Estonia

..

8.4

8.5

9.1

9.1

..

27.1

25.7

27.2

27.8

Finland

8.3

8.0

8.3

9.1

9.1

19.3

17.4

20.4

20.7

21.0

France1

7.6

7.2

6.8

6.9

7.0

18.4

16.7

16.1

15.2

15.3

Germany2

5.8

6.7

7.0

6.9

6.9

16.6

18.4

20.0

18.5

18.4

Greece

6.2

6.3

7.1

8.1

8.1

24.6

18.9

22.0

21.0

20.9

Hungary

..

8.6

8.5

9.3

9.5

..

22.4

22.9

23.7

24.8

Iceland

8.7

10.3

7.3

8.2

8.9

28.5

28.5

22.7

16.2

23.8

Ireland

6.6

7.1

6.0

4.7

4.4

20.4

22.9

22.2

20.2

19.6

Israel

..

7.4

7.5

7.5

7.4

..

21.1

24.4

24.1

22.9

Italy

5.3

6.3

6.1

6.1

6.2

14.7

15.4

14.5

14.3

14.8

Japan

1.2

2.3

2.5

4.1

4.1

4.4

9.1

9.6

13.3

13.0

Korea

3.5

3.7

4.1

4.2

4.3

18.7

17.0

17.5

15.8

16.0

Latvia

..

7.0

6.7

8.1

8.0

..

23.9

23.3

26.0

25.7

Lithuania1

..

7.4

7.7

7.8

7.8

..

24.2

27.4

26.2

26.6

Luxembourg

4.0

4.9

6.4

6.4

6.2

12.1

13.4

17.0

16.8

15.9

Mexico

3.2

2.8

3.8

3.9

3.7

26.1

24.7

29.4

23.7

23.1

Netherlands

6.5

6.4

6.7

6.8

6.8

16.5

17.3

18.7

17.6

17.4

New Zealand

8.1

8.1

9.3

9.5

9.7

22.4

24.9

30.7

29.8

30.2

Norway

7.6

8.2

7.8

8.6

8.6

18.8

19.7

18.5

22.3

22.1

Poland

..

6.9

7.6

7.2

7.8

..

21.0

24.2

21.6

22.8

Portugal

5.2

7.6

7.5

8.5

8.6

19.6

24.4

24.7

24.8

25.1

Slovak Republic

..

6.9

6.2

6.7

7.0

..

20.4

22.0

20.6

21.1

Slovenia

..

8.5

8.1

8.2

8.1

..

23.3

21.9

22.5

22.3

Spain1

5.0

5.9

5.3

6.4

6.4

15.7

17.7

16.9

19.2

19.1

Sweden

7.3

8.3

9.2

9.2

9.3

14.9

16.9

21.2

20.9

20.9

Switzerland1

2.7

3.6

3.4

3.4

3.4

11.6

13.0

12.7

12.2

12.0

Turkey

2.7

5.7

5.4

5.0

5.0

18.3

24.2

21.7

19.8

20.1

United Kingdom

5.5

5.9

6.0

6.8

6.9

16.9

17.9

18.7

20.8

20.7

United States

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Unweighted average

OECD Average

5.2

6.4

6.5

6.8

6.8

16.7

19.3

20.3

20.0

20.2

.. Not available

Note: Full time series can be accessed at http://oe.cd/full-time-series.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. From 1991 the figures relate to the united Germany.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055196

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Table 3.15. Tax revenues of sub-sectors of general government as % of total tax revenue

Supranational

Central government

State or Regional government

Local government

Social Security Funds

1975

1995

2017

1975

1995

2017

1975

1995

2017

1975

1995

2017

1975

1995

2017

Federal countries

Australia

..

..

..

80.1

77.5

80.6

15.7

19.0

16.0

4.2

3.4

3.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

Austria

..

0.4

0.4

51.7

64.7

65.8

10.6

1.8

1.6

12.4

4.1

3.0

25.3

29.0

29.2

Belgium

1.4

1.0

1.0

65.3

60.1

51.4

..

1.8

10.8

4.4

4.8

4.9

28.8

32.2

32.0

Canada

..

..

..

47.6

39.1

40.9

32.5

37.1

39.8

9.9

9.8

10.3

10.0

14.0

9.1

Germany

1.2

0.6

0.6

33.5

31.4

29.5

22.3

21.6

23.5

9.0

7.4

8.6

34.0

39.0

37.9

Mexico

..

..

..

..

73.9

81.1

..

2.8

4.1

..

1.5

1.6

..

21.8

13.3

Switzerland1

..

..

..

30.7

31.2

36.5

27.0

24.3

24.6

20.3

17.7

15.3

22.0

26.8

23.6

United States

..

..

..

45.4

41.4

44.5

19.5

20.0

18.3

14.7

13.3

14.2

20.5

25.2

23.0

Unweighted average

1.3

0.7

0.7

50.6

52.4

53.8

21.3

16.1

17.3

10.7

7.8

7.7

20.1

23.5

21.0

Regional country

Spain1, 2

..

0.5

0.7

48.2

51.5

41.3

..

4.7

15.2

4.3

8.6

9.7

47.5

34.7

33.1

Unitary countries

Chile

..

..

..

..

89.9

86.3

..

..

..

..

6.5

7.8

..

3.6

5.9

Czech Republic

..

..

0.5

..

57.7

55.4

..

..

..

..

0.9

1.1

..

41.4

43.0

Denmark1

1.0

0.5

0.3

69.1

68.4

73.2

..

..

..

29.8

31.1

26.4

0.1

0.0

0.0

Estonia

..

..

0.6

..

84.3

82.0

..

..

..

..

0.8

0.9

..

14.9

16.6

Finland

..

0.4

0.3

56.0

46.6

48.4

..

..

..

23.5

22.3

23.5

20.4

30.8

27.8

France1

0.7

0.4

0.4

51.2

42.6

34.2

..

..

..

7.6

10.9

13.3

40.6

46.0

52.1

Greece

..

0.6

0.5

67.1

66.4

67.4

..

..

..

3.4

2.0

2.4

29.5

31.1

29.6

Hungary

..

..

0.3

..

63.8

62.4

..

..

..

..

2.5

5.8

..

33.6

31.5

Iceland

..

..

..

81.3

79.2

73.5

..

..

..

18.7

20.8

26.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Ireland

2.3

1.5

0.6

77.4

83.1

82.5

..

..

..

7.3

2.7

2.2

13.1

12.7

14.7

Israel

..

..

..

..

79.6

76.2

..

..

..

..

6.4

7.6

..

14.0

16.2

Italy

..

0.4

0.6

53.2

62.7

53.6

..

..

..

0.9

5.4

15.5

45.9

31.5

30.3

Japan

..

..

..

45.5

41.2

37.4

..

..

..

25.6

25.2

22.7

29.0

33.6

39.9

Korea

..

..

..

89.0

69.2

57.0

..

..

..

10.1

18.7

17.3

0.9

12.1

25.7

Latvia

..

..

0.6

..

43.5

53.2

..

..

..

..

19.5

19.2

..

36.9

26.9

Lithuania1

..

..

0.9

..

71.7

56.4

..

..

..

..

2.3

1.2

..

26.1

41.5

Luxembourg

0.8

0.4

0.6

63.6

66.5

67.5

..

..

..

6.7

6.5

4.1

29.0

26.6

27.9

Netherlands

1.5

1.3

1.1

58.9

56.0

60.2

..

..

..

1.2

3.1

3.0

38.4

39.5

35.7

New Zealand

..

..

..

92.3

94.7

93.4

..

..

..

7.7

5.3

6.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

Norway

..

..

..

50.6

58.4

84.1

..

..

..

22.4

19.6

15.9

27.0

22.0

0.0

Poland

..

..

0.5

..

61.2

49.2

..

..

..

..

8.5

12.7

..

30.3

37.5

Portugal

..

0.8

0.5

65.4

72.3

72.9

..

..

..

0.0

5.4

7.1

34.6

21.5

19.5

Slovak Republic

..

..

0.5

..

62.5

55.0

..

..

..

..

1.3

1.9

..

36.2

42.5

Slovenia

..

..

0.4

..

51.8

50.7

..

..

..

..

6.3

9.4

..

41.9

39.6

Sweden

..

0.4

0.3

51.3

46.9

52.4

..

..

..

29.2

30.9

35.3

19.5

21.8

12.1

Turkey

..

..

..

..

75.1

61.2

..

..

..

..

12.8

9.5

..

12.1

29.3

United Kingdom

1.0

1.0

0.5

70.5

77.5

75.5

..

..

..

11.1

3.7

4.9

17.5

17.8

19.2

Unweighted average

1.2

0.7

0.5

65.2

65.7

63.8

..

..

..

12.8

10.4

11.2

21.6

23.6

24.6

.. Not available

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes.

2. Spain is constitutionally a non-federal country but has a highly decentralised political structure.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055215

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Table 3.16. Main central government taxes as % of total tax revenues of central government, 2017

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security2

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

Federal countries

Australia

73.0

0.0

0.3

0.4

26.4

0.0

Austria

41.9

7.9

6.7

1.2

41.8

0.5

Belgium

56.6

0.1

0.0

2.1

41.3

0.0

Canada

72.6

7.3

0.0

0.0

20.2

0.0

Germany

45.1

0.0

0.0

0.1

54.8

0.0

Mexico

55.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

43.9

1.1

Switzerland1

44.2

0.0

0.0

2.5

53.2

0.1

United States

82.6

0.0

0.0

11.7

5.6

0.0

Unweighted average

58.9

1.9

0.9

2.2

35.9

0.2

Regional country

Spain1

40.0

2.1

0.0

0.3

57.6

0.0

Unitary countries

Chile

40.0

1.6

0.0

2.4

58.3

-2.3

Czech Republic

40.0

0.0

0.0

1.3

58.5

0.1

Denmark1

54.3

0.1

0.7

1.5

43.4

0.0

Estonia

27.0

21.4

0.0

0.0

51.7

0.0

Finland

28.6

0.0

0.0

3.6

67.7

0.1

France1

36.6

2.3

1.0

7.0

52.7

0.3

Greece

33.7

0.2

0.0

8.4

57.7

0.0

Hungary

30.1

3.9

2.9

2.7

60.0

0.4

Iceland

38.0

12.4

1.1

1.5

44.7

2.3

Ireland

52.7

2.7

0.8

4.5

39.3

0.0

Israel

46.6

0.0

4.8

3.6

45.0

0.0

Italy

50.7

0.0

0.0

6.2

43.1

0.0

Japan

52.6

0.0

0.0

5.2

42.2

0.0

Korea

50.8

0.0

0.0

6.4

41.2

1.7

Latvia

18.6

0.0

0.1

1.0

80.3

0.0

Lithuania1

32.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

67.9

0.0

Luxembourg

49.6

1.1

0.0

13.9

35.3

0.2

Netherlands

49.9

0.0

0.0

3.6

46.0

0.5

New Zealand

59.5

0.0

0.0

0.1

40.4

0.0

Norway

30.1

31.7

0.2

1.5

36.5

0.0

Poland

25.0

0.0

1.3

0.0

73.7

0.0

Portugal

36.2

12.1

0.0

0.7

49.9

1.1

Slovak Republic

38.6

2.5

0.0

0.0

58.9

0.0

Slovenia

23.8

0.8

0.3

0.0

75.0

0.0

Sweden

3.5

18.6

21.9

2.7

53.1

0.2

Turkey

30.7

0.0

0.0

5.2

63.3

0.8

United Kingdom

47.2

0.0

0.4

10.2

42.2

0.0

Unweighted average

38.0

4.3

1.3

3.5

52.9

0.2

Note: Excluding social security contributions accruing to social security funds.

1. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

2. These comprise only social security contributions accruing to central government.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055234

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Table 3.17. Main state government taxes as % of total tax revenues of state government, 2017

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

Federal countries

Australia

0.0

0.0

29.0

41.4

29.6

0.0

Austria1

47.1

19.8

8.5

2.1

18.2

4.2

Belgium1

47.3

1.1

0.0

36.0

15.6

0.0

Canada

46.7

5.3

5.1

4.9

38.0

0.0

Germany1

52.9

0.0

0.0

6.7

40.4

0.0

Mexico

0.0

0.0

58.3

18.1

18.6

5.0

Switzerland2

76.1

0.0

0.0

16.9

6.3

0.7

United States

41.6

0.0

0.2

3.3

54.9

0.0

Unweighted average

39.0

3.3

12.6

16.2

27.7

1.2

Regional country

Spain1, 2, 3

69.4

0.0

0.0

20.0

10.6

0.0

Unitary countries

Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

Czech Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

Denmark

..

..

..

..

..

..

Estonia

..

..

..

..

..

..

Finland

..

..

..

..

..

..

France

..

..

..

..

..

..

Greece

..

..

..

..

..

..

Hungary

..

..

..

..

..

..

Iceland

..

..

..

..

..

..

Ireland

..

..

..

..

..

..

Israel

..

..

..

..

..

..

Italy

..

..

..

..

..

..

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

..

..

..

..

..

..

Latvia

..

..

..

..

..

..

Lithuania

..

..

..

..

..

..

Luxembourg

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

..

..

..

..

..

..

New Zealand

..

..

..

..

..

..

Norway

..

..

..

..

..

..

Poland

..

..

..

..

..

..

Portugal

..

..

..

..

..

..

Slovak Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

Slovenia

..

..

..

..

..

..

Sweden

..

..

..

..

..

..

Turkey

..

..

..

..

..

..

United Kingdom

..

..

..

..

..

..

Unweighted average

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available

1. Payments to the European Union are excluded from these comparisons.

2. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

3. Spain is constitutionally a non-federal country but has a highly decentralised political structure.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055253

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Table 3.18. Main local government taxes as % of total tax revenues of local government, 2017

1000 Income & profits

2000 Social security

3000 Payroll

4000 Property

5000 Goods and services

6000 Others

Federal countries

Australia

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

0.0

0.0

Austria1

0.0

5.5

68.5

15.1

7.9

3.0

Belgium1

35.4

0.2

0.0

57.6

6.8

0.0

Canada

0.0

0.0

0.0

97.3

1.6

1.0

Germany1

79.4

0.0

0.0

13.2

7.2

0.2

Mexico

0.0

0.0

0.0

74.6

2.5

22.9

Switzerland2

81.2

0.0

0.0

16.3

0.5

1.9

United States

5.8

0.0

0.0

72.0

22.2

0.0

Unweighted average

25.2

0.7

9.8

55.8

6.1

3.6

Regional country

Spain1, 2, 3

16.3

0.0

0.0

44.7

38.8

0.1

Unitary countries

Chile

0.0

0.0

0.0

42.6

57.4

0.0

Czech Republic1

0.0

0.0

0.0

57.2

42.8

0.0

Denmark1, 2

89.3

0.0

0.0

10.7

0.0

0.0

Estonia1

0.0

0.0

0.0

81.9

18.1

0.0

Finland1

92.1

0.1

0.0

7.8

0.0

0.0

France1, 2

0.0

0.0

7.3

53.2

23.0

16.5

Greece1

0.0

0.0

0.0

93.2

6.8

0.0

Hungary1

0.0

0.0

0.0

19.3

80.7

0.0

Iceland

80.1

0.0

0.0

16.6

3.3

0.0

Ireland1

0.0

6.9

0.0

93.1

0.0

0.0

Israel

0.0

0.0

0.0

95.2

4.8

0.0

Italy1

29.4

0.0

0.0

18.4

32.5

19.7

Japan

48.5

0.0

0.0

27.6

22.8

1.1

Korea

18.3

0.0

1.7

46.6

24.5

8.9

Latvia1

84.8

0.0

0.0

14.1

1.1

0.0

Lithuania2

0.0

0.0

0.0

86.5

13.5

0.0

Luxembourg1

92.1

0.0

0.0

6.7

1.1

0.2

Netherlands1

0.0

0.0

0.0

61.9

38.1

0.0

New Zealand

0.0

0.0

0.0

89.4

10.6

0.0

Norway

86.0

0.0

0.0

12.9

1.1

0.0

Poland1

62.7

0.0

0.0

31.4

4.7

1.1

Portugal1

25.3

0.2

0.0

48.3

25.8

0.4

Slovak Republic1

0.0

0.0

0.0

66.6

33.4

0.0

Slovenia1

75.0

0.0

0.0

18.8

6.2

0.0

Sweden1

97.6

0.0

0.0

2.4

0.0

0.0

Turkey

27.2

0.0

0.0

13.9

50.1

8.7

United Kingdom1

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

0.0

0.0

Unweighted average

33.6

0.3

0.3

45.0

18.6

2.1

1. Payments to the European Union are excluded from these comparisons.

2. The total tax revenue has been reduced by the amount of any capital transfer that represents uncollected taxes. The capital transfer has been allocated between tax headings in proportion to the reported tax revenue.

3. Spain is constitutionally a non-federal country but has a highly decentralised political structure.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055272

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Table 3.19. Gross domestic product for tax reporting years at market prices, in billions of national currency

1965

1990

2000

2007

2010

2012

2014

2016

2017

2018p

Australia1

AUD

24.3

414.5

705.1

1 177.3

1 416.6

1 536.3

1 624.4

1 764.5

1 847.7

1 938.8

Austria

EUR

18.5

137.5

213.6

284.0

295.9

318.7

333.1

356.2

369.9

386.1

Belgium

EUR

21.0

171.0

258.2

344.7

365.1

387.5

400.1

424.6

439.2

450.5

Canada

CAD

61.3

696.1

1 125.4

1 577.7

1 666.0

1 827.2

1 994.9

2 028.2

2 141.5

2 219.1

Chile

CLP

..

10 522.7

42 005.2

90 702.9

111 508.6

129 947.3

148 599.5

169 469.5

180 211.3

191 248.7

Czech Republic

CZK

..

726.7

2 379.4

3 840.1

3 962.5

4 059.9

4 313.8

4 768.0

5 047.3

5 328.7

Denmark

DKK

71.5

855.6

1 326.9

1 738.8

1 810.9

1 895.0

1 981.2

2 100.2

2 178.1

2 223.1

Estonia

EUR

..

..

6.2

16.2

14.7

17.9

20.1

21.7

23.6

25.7

Finland

EUR

4.5

91.0

136.3

186.6

187.1

199.8

205.5

216.1

223.9

232.1

France

EUR

76.4

1 053.5

1 478.6

1 941.4

1 995.3

2 088.8

2 149.8

2 234.1

2 295.1

2 353.1

Germany

EUR

234.8

1 306.7

2 116.5

2 513.2

2 580.1

2 758.3

2 938.6

3 159.8

3 277.3

3 386.0

Greece

EUR

0.7

45.5

141.2

232.7

226.0

191.2

178.7

176.5

180.2

184.7

Hungary

HUF

..

..

13 350.1

25 680.2

27 224.6

28 781.1

32 583.4

35 474.2

38 355.1

42 072.8

Iceland

ISK

0.2

377.6

707.8

1 378.1

1 672.7

1 841.7

2 073.6

2 490.9

2 616.8

2 803.0

Ireland

EUR

1.3

37.9

108.4

197.2

167.7

175.1

194.8

271.7

297.1

324.0

Israel

ILS

..

118.8

539.2

734.3

873.9

992.6

1 109.2

1 226.6

1 271.6

1 327.4

Italy

EUR

22.3

728.5

1 239.3

1 609.6

1 604.5

1 613.3

1 621.8

1 689.8

1 727.4

1 757.0

Japan1

JPY

35 108.0

464 025.4

528 446.7

530 922.8

499 429.1

494 369.7

518 235.1

536 807.9

547 495.7

550 098.7

Korea

KRW

831.3

197 712.3

635 184.6

1 043 257.8

1 265 308.0

1 377 456.7

1 486 079.3

1 641 786.0

1 730 398.5

1 782 268.8

Latvia

EUR

..

..

6.9

22.6

17.9

21.9

23.6

25.0

27.0

29.5

Lithuania

EUR

..

..

13.4

29.0

28.0

33.3

36.6

38.8

42.2

45.1

Luxembourg

EUR

1.0

11.0

23.1

37.2

40.2

44.1

49.8

53.3

55.3

58.9

Mexico

MXN

..

843.6

6 693.7

11 504.1

13 366.4

15 817.8

17 473.8

20 116.7

21 921.2

23 542.7

Netherlands

EUR

35.6

263.0

452.0

619.2

639.2

653.0

671.6

708.3

738.1

774.0

New Zealand1

NZD

4.1

75.9

122.2

189.1

205.8

218.8

244.8

273.4

288.8

300.0

Norway

NOK

57.2

749.9

1 507.9

2 351.0

2 593.7

2 968.3

3 146.7

3 119.3

3 304.4

3 535.6

Poland

PLN

..

62.7

747.0

1 187.6

1 445.3

1 629.4

1 720.4

1 861.1

1 989.3

2 115.7

Portugal

EUR

0.6

56.0

128.5

175.5

179.9

168.4

173.1

186.5

194.6

201.6

Slovak Republic

EUR

..

10.0

31.6

63.1

67.6

72.7

76.1

81.2

84.9

90.2

Slovenia

EUR

..

0.9

18.9

35.2

36.3

36.1

37.6

40.4

43.0

45.9

Spain

EUR

8.7

327.8

646.3

1 080.8

1 080.9

1 039.8

1 037.8

1 118.7

1 166.3

1 208.2

Sweden

SEK

127.7

1 529.7

2 383.6

3 301.0

3 523.8

3 688.9

3 940.9

4 385.5

4 578.8

4 789.9

Switzerland

CHF

68.1

358.5

459.4

576.1

608.8

626.4

649.7

660.4

668.6

689.9

Turkey

TRY

0.0

0.5

170.7

880.5

1 160.0

1 569.7

2 044.5

2 608.5

3 106.5

3 701.0

United Kingdom

GBP

36.4

615.7

1 089.3

1 541.4

1 587.5

1 694.4

1 844.3

1 969.5

2 049.6

2 117.7

United States

USD

709.0

5 963.1

10 252.3

14 451.9

14 992.1

16 197.0

17 527.3

18 715.0

19 519.4

20 580.2

.. Not available

Note: This table is based on the archive of the Gross domestic product (GDP) dataset as of the 27th June of 2019, prior to the 2019 benchmark revisions. As it may happen that countries only cover results for a limited time period when first publishing the results of their benchmark revision, this dataset provides users with longer time series based on the methodology as used before the benchmark revision.

1. GDP is fiscal year. The year Y is calculated (at annual rate) as the average of: Q2(Y) to Q1(Y+1) for Japan; and Q3(Y) to Q2(Y+1) for Australia and New Zealand.

Source: OECD National Accounts.

 StatLink https://doi.org/10.1787/888934055291

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Table 3.20. Exchange rates used, national currency per US dollar at market exchange rates

1965

1990

2000

2007

2010

2012

2014

2016

2017

2018p

Australia

AUD

0.893

1.282

1.727

1.195

1.090

0.966

1.109

1.345

1.305

1.339

Austria

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Belgium

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Canada

CAD

1.078

1.167

1.485

1.074

1.030

0.999

1.105

1.325

1.298

1.296

Chile

CLP

0.003

304.903

539.388

522.228

509.982

485.984

570.636

676.541

648.677

641.896

Czech Republic

CZK

..

..

38.637

20.289

19.080

19.538

20.758

24.441

23.385

21.730

Denmark

DKK

6.915

6.186

8.088

5.443

5.622

5.790

5.619

6.731

6.602

6.314

Estonia

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Finland

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

France

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Germany

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Greece

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Hungary

HUF

..

63.206

282.286

183.595

207.764

224.823

232.619

281.521

274.476

270.221

Iceland

ISK

0.431

58.378

78.845

64.075

122.242

125.118

116.688

120.835

106.823

108.269

Ireland

EUR

0.454

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Israel

ILS

0.000

2.016

4.077

4.109

3.731

3.850

3.577

3.839

3.599

3.595

Italy

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Japan

JPY

361.491

144.796

107.835

117.755

87.761

79.814

105.848

108.803

112.183

110.438

Korea

KRW

266.250

707.995

1 130.640

929.450

1 155.431

1 125.935

1 053.064

1 160.589

1 130.635

1 100.186

Latvia

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Lithuania

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Luxembourg

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Mexico

MXN

0.013

2.841

9.453

10.929

12.632

13.150

13.305

18.627

18.871

19.178

Netherlands

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

New Zealand

NZD

0.722

1.678

2.205

1.361

1.388

1.235

1.206

1.437

1.407

1.446

Norway

NOK

7.151

6.258

8.797

5.858

6.042

5.815

6.302

8.400

8.271

8.135

Poland

PLN

0.000

0.950

4.346

2.765

3.015

3.252

3.154

3.944

3.779

3.611

Portugal

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Slovak Republic

EUR

..

0.788

1.085

0.730

0.755

0.778

0.754

0.904

0.887

0.847

Slovenia

EUR

..

0.788

1.085