Annex A. OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG) for Latin America 2022

The Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG) for Latin America 2022 provide an up-to-date overview of regulatory systems in selected Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries, by which they develop, implement and evaluate regulations. The indicators partially cover three principles of the 2012 OECD Recommendation on Regulatory Policy and Governance: 1) stakeholder engagement; 2) regulatory impact assessment (RIA); 3) ex post evaluation and administrative simplification.

iREG indicators for Latin America and the Caribbean draw on responses to the OECD-IDB iREG Surveys 2015-16, 2019 and 2022, and the OECD iREG Survey 2021. Data for Brazil, Ecuador and Peru are from the OECD-IDB iREG Surveys for 2015-2016, 2019 and 2022. Data for Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico are from the OECD-IDB iREG Surveys for 2015-2016, 2019, and from the OECD iREG Survey 2021. Data for Argentina, the Dominican Republic and El Salvador are from the 2019 and 2022 OECD-IDB iREG Surveys, and for Paraguay from the 2022 survey. Responses were provided by government officials and reflect the situation as of 31 October 2022 for OECD-IDB iREG 2022 and as of 1 January 2021 for OECD iREG 2021.

Unless explicitly stated otherwise, survey answers refer to national regulations only, i.e. regulation enacted at the central or federal level of government. Survey answers on stakeholder engagement and regulatory impact assessment only cover subordinate regulations, which are defined as regulations created by the executive that are generally approved by the head of government, a minister or the cabinet.

The OECD-IDB Survey on Regulatory Policy and Governance 2022 is an adapted version of the 2017 OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance Survey with a particular focus on stakeholder engagement. The direct comparison between survey results, notably in the form of a composite indicator on stakeholder engagement in developing subordinate regulations is based on an identical set of survey questions that is included in the different surveys described above.

The survey is based on an ambitious and forward-looking regulatory policy agenda and is designed to track progress in the implementation of regulatory policy over time. It captures progress in countries that already have advanced regulatory practices, while recognising the efforts of countries that are just starting to develop their regulatory policy. In addition to collecting information on formal requirements, the survey gathers evidence on the implementation of these formal requirements and the uptake of regulatory management practices.

Survey answers underwent a thorough data-cleaning process carried out jointly by the OECD and Inter-American Development Bank in close co-operation with the participating countries, which involved notably ensuring consistency between survey answers and the verification of examples provided by countries to support individual survey questions.

Following the established methodology of the OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance, a composite indicator on stakeholder engagement in developing subordinate regulations was developed based on information collected through the survey.

The indicator measures the adoption of good practices to engage with interested parties when developing new regulations, including different methods and openness of consultations as well as transparency and response to comments received. It consolidates information into four equally weighted categories (Figure ‎A.1):

  1. 1. Systematic adoption records formal requirements and how often and at what stage in the rule-making process these requirements are conducted in practice.

  2. 2. Methodology gathers information on the methods used to engage with stakeholders, e.g. forms of consultation and documents to support them.

  3. 3. Oversight and quality control records the role of oversight bodies and publicly available evaluations of the consultation system.

  4. 4. Transparency records information from the questions that relate to the principles of open government, e.g. whether consultations are open to the general public and if comments and responses by authorities are published.

The maximum score for each category is 1, and the maximum aggregate score for the composite indicator is 4. The more regulatory practices as advocated in the 2012 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Regulatory Policy and Governance a country has implemented, the higher its indicator score. Each category is composed of several equally weighted sub-categories built around specific questions in the OECD-IDB Survey on Regulatory Policy and Governance 2022. The separate sub-categories are listed in Table ‎A.1.

The full dataset underlying the composite indicator can be accessed on the website dedicated to the OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance for Latin America (www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ireg-lac.htm). The complete methodology, including all underlying questions, can be found in Arndt et al. (2015[1]).

References

[1] Arndt, C. et al. (2015), “2015 Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance: Design, Methodology and Key Results”, OECD Regulatory Policy Working Papers, No. 1, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/5jrnwqm3zp43-en.

Legal and rights

This document, as well as any data and map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. Extracts from publications may be subject to additional disclaimers, which are set out in the complete version of the publication, available at the link provided.

© OECD 2024

The use of this work, whether digital or print, is governed by the Terms and Conditions to be found at https://www.oecd.org/termsandconditions.