The principal aim of the OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) programme is to help member and selected partner countries improve their individual and collective performance in environmental management by:

  • helping countries assess progress in achieving their environmental goals

  • promoting continuous policy dialogue and peer learning

  • stimulating greater accountability from governments towards each other and public opinion.

This report reviews the environmental performance of Lithuania. This is the country’s first OECD EPR. Progress in achieving domestic objectives and international commitments provides the basis for assessing Lithuania’s environmental performance. Such objectives and commitments may be broad aims, qualitative goals or quantitative targets. A distinction is made between intentions, actions and results. Assessment of environmental performance is also placed within the context of Lithuania’s historical environmental record, present state of the environment, physical endowment in natural resources, economic conditions and demographic trends.

The OECD is grateful to the government of Lithuania for providing information and comments, organising the virtual review mission (26-29 January 2021) and policy mission (20 April 2021), and facilitating contacts with relevant non-governmental organisations.

Thanks are also due to the representatives of the two examining countries, Alda Ozola (Latvia) and Laura Behan (Ireland), for actively participating in the review.

The authors of this report are Nils Axel Braathen, Alexander Mackie, Eugene Mazur (OECD Environment Directorate) and Tatiana Samsonova (International Transport Forum – ITF), under the co-ordination and guidance of Eugene Mazur. Nathalie Girouard provided oversight. Carla Bertuzzi provided statistical support, Shellie Phillips – administrative support. Natasha Cline-Thomas provided communications support. Mark Foss copy-edited the report. Preparation of this report also benefited from inputs and comments from Gérard Bonnis, Guillaume Gruère, Sarah Miet, Sigita Strumskyte and Frédérique Zegel of the OECD Secretariat, Jari Kauppila and Stephen Perkins of the ITF Secretariat and Sylvia Beyer of the International Energy Agency.

The OECD Working Party on Environmental Performance will discuss the draft Environmental Performance Review of Lithuania at its meeting on 30 June 2021 and will approve the Assessment and Recommendations.

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