1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2018

Country statistical profile: Korea 2018
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
30 377
 
31 228
 
32 097
 
32 616
 
33 587
 
35 204
 
36 532
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
30 407
 
31 412
 
32 427
 
32 848
 
33 693
 
35 300
 
36 569
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.6
 
2.4
 
1.8
 
4.0
 
3.6
 
4.7
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
6.5
 
3.7
 
2.3
 
2.9
 
3.3
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.7
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
5.6
 
7.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
5.5
 
0.8
 
-0.5
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
5.1
 
5.2
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
e 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
33.1
 
33.5
 
33.3
 
33.5
 
33.1
 
33.1
 
32.9
 
e 
..
 
Construction
%
5.1
 
4.8
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.7
 
e 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.3
 
15.1
 
15.2
 
15.1
 
14.9
 
14.9
 
15.0
 
e 
..
 
Information, communication
%
4.0
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
e 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.1
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
e 
..
 
Real estate
%
8.0
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
e 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
e 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
16.3
 
16.2
 
16.6
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
e 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
e 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
2.1
 
e 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
32.0
 
33.3
 
33.7
 
33.1
 
33.2
 
33.6
 
34.5
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
31.0
 
32.3
 
32.7
 
31.8
 
32.0
 
32.3
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
10.1
 
10.4
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.14
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.14
 
0.16
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
23.4
 
24.2
 
24.8
 
24.3
 
24.6
 
25.2
 
26.3
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
3.2
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
7.9
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.1
 
7.4
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
20.1
 
20.5
 
21.0
 
21.5
 
21.7
 
22.0
 
22.2
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
46.2
 
54.3
 
53.5
 
48.9
 
45.0
 
38.4
 
35.4
 
e 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
49.4
 
55.7
 
56.3
 
53.9
 
50.3
 
45.3
 
42.2
 
e 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
47.9
 
29.1
 
49.4
 
82.8
 
88.9
 
122.3
 
118.9
 
119.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
415.9
 
558.0
 
554.1
 
535.4
 
524.1
 
420.6
 
393.1
 
457.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
463.8
 
587.1
 
603.5
 
618.2
 
613.0
 
542.9
 
511.9
 
577.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-14.2
 
-12.3
 
-5.2
 
-6.5
 
-3.7
 
-14.9
 
-17.7
 
-34.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
97.5
 
103.2
 
108.7
 
110.2
 
115.8
 
112.6
 
112.6
 
122.0
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
83.3
 
90.9
 
103.5
 
103.7
 
112.1
 
97.7
 
94.9
 
87.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
2.6
 
1.5
 
4.1
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
7.7
 
7.0
 
5.1
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
144 032
 
172 413
 
202 875
 
238 812
 
260 502
 
285 932
 
306 145
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
135 500
 
135 178
 
157 876
 
180 860
 
179 441
 
179 544
 
184 970
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
9 497
 
9 773
 
9 496
 
12 767
 
9 274
 
4 104
 
12 104
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
28 280
 
29 705
 
30 632
 
28 360
 
28 039
 
23 760
 
29 961
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.9
 
4.0
 
2.2
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
0.7
 
1.0
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.8
 
2.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.7
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
1.5
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.4
 
8.1
 
4.0
 
0.9
 
0.3
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
6.5
 
9.9
 
4.3
 
0.3
 
-0.4
 
-14.1
 
-9.4
 
3.4
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.77
 
4.20
 
3.45
 
3.28
 
3.19
 
2.31
 
1.75
 
2.28
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
KRW per USD
840.57
 
854.59
 
854.89
 
869.08
 
871.88
 
870.93
 
874.63
 
878.77
 
Exchange rates
KRW per USD
1 156.06
 
1 108.29
 
1 126.47
 
1 094.85
 
1 052.96
 
1 131.16
 
1 160.43
 
1 130.42
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
71
 
73
 
75
 
81
 
85
 
87
 
86
 
88
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
250.0
 
260.5
 
263.5
 
263.8
 
268.4
 
272.7
 
284.3
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
1 811.7
 
1 939.9
 
2 275.5
 
2 653.7
 
3 934.1
 
4 003.3
 
4 860.6
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
78.72
 
108.63
 
113.24
 
108.59
 
101.24
 
53.32
 
41.00
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
81.8
 
81.9
 
82.3
 
80.6
 
78.2
 
77.1
 
75.3
 
74.7
 
Households with access to internet
%
96.8
 
97.2
 
97.3
 
98.1
 
98.5
 
98.8
 
99.2
 
99.5
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
19 564
 
19 535
 
21 222
 
23 871
 
25 100
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
1 492
 
1 543
 
1 426
 
1 591
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
232
 
203
 
236
 
211
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
1 376
 
1 500
 
1 507
 
1 533
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
17 943
 
17 861
 
17 881
 
17 786
 
18 219
 
18 705
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
362
 
359
 
358
 
355
 
362
 
370
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
551
 
574
 
575
 
572
 
568
 
586
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
40
 
40
 
42
 
43
 
45
 
45
 
47
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
8 866
 
9 366
 
9 656
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
9 789
 
9 940
 
10 316
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
9 958
 
9 379
 
9 570
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
22.7
 
23.2
 
24.1
 
23.9
 
25.6
 
26.7
 
26.9
 
27.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
73.8
 
74.4
 
74.7
 
75.1
 
75.8
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
60.6
 
62.3
 
63.1
 
64.3
 
65.7
 
66.0
 
66.2
 
67.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
10.7
 
13.5
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
10.9
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
28.8
 
28.2
 
28.2
 
27.4
 
26.8
 
25.9
 
25.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
30.0
 
29.6
 
29.8
 
29.0
 
28.4
 
27.5
 
27.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
27.1
 
26.4
 
26.0
 
25.3
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
22.8
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
3.7
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
4.0
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
3.3
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
2.8
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.4
 
0.9
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
5.9
 
9.3
 
-0.5
 
6.5
 
-0.1
 
-4.1
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
2 163
 
2 133
 
2 109
 
2 100
 
2 075
 
2 082
 
2 069
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
52 173
 
58 427
 
64 268
 
68 149
 
72 807
 
73 587
 
76 057
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
11.1
 
11.9
 
12.8
 
12.8
 
13.5
 
13.7
 
13.8
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
49 410
 
49 779
 
50 004
 
50 220
 
50 424
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.5
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.1
 
15.6
 
15.1
 
14.7
 
14.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
11.0
 
11.4
 
11.8
 
12.2
 
12.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.2
 
80.6
 
80.9
 
81.4
 
81.8
 
82.1
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.8
 
77.3
 
77.6
 
78.1
 
78.6
 
79.0
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.6
 
84.0
 
84.2
 
84.6
 
85.0
 
85.2
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.2
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.7
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
30.2
 
30.7
 
31.8
 
31.5
 
30.8
 
33.4
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
33.5
 
33.3
 
29.1
 
28.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
112 260
 
114 473
 
118 636
 
129 041
 
134 214
 
142 131
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
437 244
 
426 362
 
425 279
 
426 281
 
436 376
 
446 415
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
111
 
105
 
107
 
101
 
94
 
91
 
84
 
..
 
Last updated: 4 April 2018; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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