1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Finland 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
38 737
 
40 683
 
40 620
 
41 293
 
41 463
 
42 144
 
43 738
 
46 334
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
39 300
 
40 868
 
40 832
 
41 435
 
41 840
 
42 439
 
44 062
 
45 487
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.3
 
1.0
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
-0.7
 
1.3
 
1.0
 
0.5
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.0
 
2.6
 
-1.4
 
-0.8
 
-0.6
 
0.1
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
3.2
 
1.3
 
0.7
 
1.5
 
-0.1
 
-0.5
 
-1.5
 
-2.1
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
1.1
 
4.1
 
-1.9
 
-4.9
 
-2.6
 
0.7
 
8.5
 
4.0
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
Industry including energy
%
23.5
 
22.5
 
20.5
 
20.6
 
20.5
 
20.7
 
20.4
 
21.1
 
Construction
%
6.4
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.5
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
16.1
 
16.6
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.1
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
Information, communication
%
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
Finance and insurance
%
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
Real estate
%
11.2
 
11.4
 
11.6
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.7
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
7.9
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
21.4
 
21.4
 
22.1
 
22.2
 
22.1
 
21.8
 
21.3
 
20.3
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.6
 
-1.0
 
-2.2
 
-2.6
 
-3.2
 
-2.8
 
-1.7
 
-0.7
 
General government debt
% of GDP
55.1
 
57.5
 
64.3
 
64.8
 
71.7
 
75.2
 
75.4
 
73.3
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
52.1
 
53.3
 
54.0
 
54.9
 
54.9
 
54.4
 
54.2
 
53.3
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
54.8
 
54.4
 
56.2
 
57.5
 
58.1
 
57.1
 
55.9
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.6
 
6.7
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
6.8
 
e 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
e 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
27.3
 
27.1
 
28.3
 
29.4
 
30.2
 
30.4
 
29.8
 
28.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
9.8
 
9.9
 
10.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.4
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.55
 
0.53
 
0.53
 
0.54
 
0.59
 
0.55
 
0.44
 
0.42
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
40.8
 
42.0
 
42.7
 
43.6
 
43.8
 
43.9
 
44.0
 
43.3
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
12.1
 
12.3
 
12.5
 
12.8
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.0
 
12.6
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.4
 
2.6
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.7
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
13.0
 
13.8
 
14.1
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.3
 
42.3
 
42.5
 
43.1
 
43.6
 
43.5
 
44.1
 
42.9
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
37.4
 
40.0
 
40.9
 
39.7
 
38.2
 
37.0
 
36.9
 
38.2
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
38.7
 
39.2
 
39.5
 
38.8
 
37.2
 
36.5
 
36.0
 
38.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
9.8
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
2.4
 
2.0
 
0.4
 
1.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
65.2
 
79.6
 
73.6
 
75.1
 
73.0
 
57.1
 
58.4
 
65.4
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
75.0
 
82.9
 
76.8
 
78.5
 
75.4
 
59.1
 
58.8
 
67.3
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-6.7
 
-5.6
 
-6.9
 
-5.8
 
-4.9
 
-3.2
 
-2.9
 
-1.2
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
27.5
 
29.9
 
31.5
 
32.1
 
31.0
 
28.8
 
29.7
 
31.1
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
20.8
 
24.2
 
24.6
 
26.3
 
26.1
 
25.6
 
26.9
 
29.9
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.1
 
-1.7
 
-2.3
 
-1.9
 
-1.5
 
-0.8
 
-0.7
 
-0.7
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
145 333
 
117 307
 
94 545
 
109 851
 
110 401
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
88 763
 
93 896
 
81 627
 
80 563
 
85 836
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
7 359
 
2 552
 
4 156
 
-169
 
18 270
 
1 484
 
9 247
 
-132
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
10 189
 
5 016
 
7 546
 
-2 401
 
1 182
 
-16 587
 
25 615
 
151
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.2
 
3.4
 
2.8
 
1.5
 
1.0
 
-0.2
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.2
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
1.0
 
1.5
 
0.6
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-3.4
 
6.3
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
0.2
 
-1.9
 
-1.1
 
-0.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
10.6
 
14.6
 
4.1
 
-0.5
 
-1.7
 
-6.0
 
-3.7
 
5.7
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
5.2
 
6.3
 
2.6
 
0.2
 
-0.5
 
-2.4
 
-2.2
 
2.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
3.01
 
3.01
 
1.88
 
1.86
 
1.45
 
0.72
 
0.37
 
0.55
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
0.90
 
0.88
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
117
 
119
 
115
 
122
 
124
 
114
 
114
 
114
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
36.6
 
35.2
 
34.0
 
33.3
 
34.1
 
32.6
 
34.0
 
34.4
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
9 342.5
 
9 142.6
 
9 989.3
 
9 910.7
 
10 299.0
 
10 487.9
 
10 560.0
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
79.10
 
109.23
 
110.47
 
107.57
 
97.53
 
49.28
 
42.19
 
53.04
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
82.0
 
85.1
 
87.6
 
88.7
 
..
 
89.3
 
..
 
93.5
 
Households with access to internet
%
80.5
 
84.2
 
86.8
 
89.2
 
89.8
 
89.9
 
91.9
 
94.4
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
82
 
77
 
119
 
109
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
39
 
41
 
30
 
29
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
12
 
11
 
13
 
14
 
13
 
15
 
14
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
2 519
 
2 719
 
2 738
 
2 682
 
2 630
 
2 738
 
2 768
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
469
 
505
 
506
 
493
 
482
 
500
 
503
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
62
 
55
 
49
 
50
 
46
 
42
 
46
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
38
 
39
 
40
 
41
 
42
 
43
 
44
 
44
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
8 401
 
8 590
 
8 803
 
9 305
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
10 087
 
10 323
 
10 377
 
10 482
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
17 189
 
18 182
 
18 046
 
18 018
 
17 875
 
17 591
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
5.1
 
5.1
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
5.2
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
15.8
 
14.3
 
15.2
 
15.5
 
15.6
 
18.3
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
38.8
 
40.4
 
41.8
 
41.5
 
41.4
 
40.5
 
41.7
 
42.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
81.6
 
82.3
 
82.0
 
81.0
 
80.5
 
80.0
 
79.9
 
80.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
56.3
 
57.0
 
58.2
 
58.6
 
59.1
 
60.0
 
61.4
 
62.6
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
12.5
 
12.7
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
13.3
 
13.4
 
14.0
 
14.0
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
13.4
 
13.4
 
13.6
 
13.4
 
14.0
 
14.2
 
14.0
 
13.2
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
17.6
 
17.6
 
18.0
 
17.8
 
18.4
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
17.0
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
9.0
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.5
 
9.4
 
9.0
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
8.4
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
9.4
 
8.8
 
8.6
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
9.1
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.9
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.6
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
8.8
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
23.6
 
22.6
 
21.7
 
21.2
 
23.1
 
25.1
 
26.6
 
24.9
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.6
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
1.7
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
-1.2
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 668
 
1 662
 
1 650
 
1 640
 
1 636
 
1 637
 
1 635
 
1 628
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
7 749
 
7 762
 
7 190
 
6 860
 
6 572
 
6 014
 
5 824
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
16.7
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.3
 
15.0
 
14.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
5 363
 
5 388
 
5 414
 
5 439
 
5 472
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.6
 
16.5
 
16.4
 
16.4
 
16.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.3
 
17.8
 
18.5
 
19.1
 
19.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
3.1
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
8.9
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.7
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
16.4
 
14.7
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
16.5
 
17.0
 
15.1
 
14.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
7.6
 
6.9
 
6.8
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
8.4
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
10.5
 
13.3
 
13.8
 
15.2
 
17.2
 
18.0
 
19.7
 
17.5
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.2
 
80.6
 
80.7
 
81.1
 
81.3
 
81.6
 
81.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.9
 
77.3
 
77.7
 
78.0
 
78.4
 
78.7
 
78.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.5
 
83.8
 
83.7
 
84.1
 
84.1
 
84.4
 
84.4
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
65.0
 
58.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
17.3
 
16.4
 
15.6
 
15.8
 
14.1
 
13.1
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
40 163
 
36 402
 
34 857
 
34 020
 
33 133
 
33 084
 
36 411
 
38 459
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
76 244
 
76 912
 
76 845
 
76 708
 
76 934
 
77 948
 
69 130
 
79 071
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
51
 
54
 
47
 
47
 
42
 
49
 
47
 
..
 
Last updated: 16 January 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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