1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2018

Country statistical profile: Germany 2018
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
39 955
 
42 693
 
43 564
 
45 232
 
47 190
 
47 892
 
49 187
 
50 878
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
40 742
 
43 770
 
44 586
 
46 255
 
48 022
 
48 692
 
49 770
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.7
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
0.5
 
1.6
 
2.2
 
2.6
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
4.1
 
3.7
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.0
 
9.6
 
9.3
 
8.9
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
9.7
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
5.4
 
7.2
 
-0.7
 
-1.3
 
3.9
 
1.6
 
3.5
 
2.9
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.7
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
Industry including energy
%
25.9
 
26.2
 
26.2
 
25.7
 
25.8
 
25.9
 
26.3
 
26.1
 
Construction
%
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
16.0
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.8
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.2
 
Information, communication
%
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.6
 
4.2
 
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
Real estate
%
11.5
 
11.6
 
11.2
 
11.4
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
10.6
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
17.8
 
17.7
 
17.9
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
4.2
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.2
 
-1.0
 
0.0
 
-0.1
 
0.5
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
General government debt
% of GDP
84.5
 
84.2
 
88.1
 
83.3
 
83.3
 
79.0
 
76.0
 
71.5
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.0
 
43.8
 
44.3
 
44.5
 
44.5
 
44.4
 
44.8
 
45.0
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
47.3
 
44.7
 
44.3
 
44.7
 
44.2
 
43.8
 
43.9
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
9.2
 
8.9
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
9.2
 
9.3
 
9.4
 
9.6
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
25.9
 
24.7
 
24.6
 
24.8
 
24.9
 
25.0
 
25.3
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
10.6
 
10.2
 
10.2
 
10.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.39
 
0.39
 
0.37
 
0.38
 
0.42
 
0.52
 
0.70
 
0.66
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.0
 
35.7
 
36.4
 
36.8
 
36.8
 
37.1
 
37.6
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
8.5
 
8.8
 
9.4
 
9.6
 
9.6
 
9.8
 
10.0
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
2.0
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.3
 
10.5
 
10.4
 
10.3
 
10.2
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
49.0
 
49.7
 
49.7
 
49.3
 
49.3
 
49.4
 
49.5
 
49.7
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
37.1
 
39.9
 
39.9
 
39.4
 
38.7
 
38.9
 
38.1
 
39.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
42.3
 
44.8
 
46.0
 
45.4
 
45.6
 
46.9
 
45.9
 
47.0
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
213.4
 
227.2
 
257.6
 
282.3
 
302.8
 
289.7
 
296.4
 
299.1
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
1 002.8
 
1 205.1
 
1 119.6
 
1 151.7
 
1 177.1
 
1 018.4
 
1 021.9
 
1 132.6
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
1 216.3
 
1 432.4
 
1 377.2
 
1 434.0
 
1 479.8
 
1 308.0
 
1 318.2
 
1 431.7
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-35.8
 
-43.9
 
-42.1
 
-54.9
 
-32.5
 
-18.8
 
-22.1
 
-23.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
263.3
 
296.1
 
294.7
 
327.9
 
332.3
 
295.6
 
307.8
 
331.1
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
227.5
 
252.2
 
252.6
 
273.0
 
299.8
 
276.8
 
285.7
 
307.6
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
5.6
 
6.1
 
7.0
 
6.7
 
7.4
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
7.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 383 601
 
1 432 696
 
1 344 222
 
1 448 431
 
1 388 803
 
1 336 566
 
1 346 911
 
1 593 975
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
959 200
 
988 551
 
863 410
 
955 168
 
862 213
 
786 242
 
790 337
 
948 582
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
65 646
 
67 573
 
28 190
 
12 796
 
-3 005
 
22 804
 
12 321
 
29 859
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
125 453
 
78 002
 
62 188
 
39 492
 
91 720
 
97 719
 
46 790
 
77 483
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
0.9
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
1.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.7
 
0.9
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
1.2
 
2.8
 
3.4
 
3.9
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
2.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
4.0
 
10.1
 
5.7
 
1.4
 
-2.1
 
-7.0
 
-5.4
 
3.1
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
2.5
 
4.2
 
1.5
 
0.0
 
-0.4
 
-1.2
 
-0.7
 
2.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
2.74
 
2.61
 
1.50
 
1.57
 
1.16
 
0.50
 
0.09
 
0.32
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.80
 
0.79
 
0.79
 
0.77
 
0.77
 
0.78
 
0.78
 
0.78
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
104
 
104
 
100
 
105
 
105
 
97
 
98
 
100
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
326.0
 
309.5
 
310.8
 
317.6
 
305.7
 
307.8
 
311.5
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
27 568.2
 
29 298.3
 
32 249.5
 
33 395.1
 
35 403.8
 
38 351.5
 
39 586.5
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
78.49
 
110.63
 
112.21
 
109.62
 
99.76
 
52.65
 
42.80
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
85.7
 
86.9
 
87.1
 
88.9
 
..
 
91.0
 
..
 
92.9
 
Households with access to internet
%
82.5
 
83.3
 
85.5
 
87.7
 
89.5
 
90.3
 
92.1
 
92.9
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
33 036
 
..
 
..
 
25 327
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
50
 
69
 
63
 
58
 
57
 
29
 
91
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
160
 
138
 
119
 
147
 
151
 
141
 
160
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
41
 
39
 
26
 
e 
25
 
e 
26
 
e 
30
 
e 
42
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
49 237
 
50 237
 
49 759
 
49 570
 
51 102
 
51 625
 
51 633
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
609
 
621
 
614
 
610
 
627
 
632
 
630
 
e 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
759
 
731
 
745
 
764
 
723
 
730
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
27
 
28
 
28
 
28
 
27
 
28
 
28
 
29
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
7 731
 
8 130
 
8 560
 
8 619
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
10 625
 
11 142
 
11 685
 
11 791
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
17 309
 
17 656
 
17 143
 
16 949
 
17 144
 
17 036
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.0
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.5
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
13.7
 
12.6
 
11.2
 
10.3
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
46.3
 
47.9
 
46.6
 
46.9
 
46.1
 
45.3
 
45.8
 
46.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
81.6
 
83.0
 
83.3
 
83.4
 
83.5
 
83.7
 
83.9
 
84.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
57.8
 
60.0
 
61.6
 
63.6
 
65.6
 
66.2
 
68.6
 
70.2
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
21.8
 
22.3
 
22.2
 
22.6
 
22.3
 
22.4
 
22.1
 
22.2
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.2
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.4
 
10.2
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
14.3
 
14.4
 
14.3
 
13.9
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
7.8
 
7.6
 
7.5
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.0
 
5.8
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
4.6
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
7.4
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
5.0
 
4.5
 
4.1
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
6.5
 
5.6
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
4.6
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
47.3
 
47.9
 
45.4
 
44.7
 
44.3
 
44.0
 
41.2
 
41.9
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.0
 
2.6
 
3.6
 
2.5
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 390
 
1 393
 
1 375
 
1 362
 
1 368
 
1 368
 
1 363
 
1 356
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
87 048
 
92 959
 
95 839
 
94 727
 
98 330
 
101 578
 
104 075
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
8.0
 
8.1
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
81 715
 
80 249
 
80 413
 
80 611
 
80 896
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.2
 
-1.8
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
13.1
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.2
 
13.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
21.0
 
21.0
 
21.1
 
21.3
 
21.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
13.0
 
12.0
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
7.0
 
5.9
 
5.1
 
5.1
 
4.8
 
4.5
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
11.3
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.1
 
5.2
 
4.7
 
4.5
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
2.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
10.1
 
9.1
 
8.2
 
7.9
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
6.2
 
5.4
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.5
 
80.5
 
80.6
 
80.6
 
81.2
 
80.7
 
81.1
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
78.0
 
77.9
 
78.1
 
78.1
 
78.7
 
78.3
 
78.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.0
 
83.1
 
83.1
 
83.0
 
83.6
 
83.1
 
83.5
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
60.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
498 951
 
507 815
 
491 866
 
496 644
 
499 405
 
504 477
 
505 040
 
499 132
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 046 778
 
1 057 771
 
1 061 115
 
1 069 861
 
1 086 166
 
1 100 374
 
1 123 094
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
45
 
50
 
45
 
41
 
42
 
42
 
39
 
..
 
Last updated: 11 October 2018; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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