Chile

In 2020, the Chilean Agency for International Development Cooperation (AGCID) celebrated its 30th anniversary with a global portfolio of programmes that extends beyond Latin America and the Caribbean to countries in Africa and Asia. Having graduated from Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list of eligible countries to receive official development assistance (ODA) in 2017, Chile is increasing its development co-operation partnerships in line with its new status as a high-income country by supporting inclusive and sustainable development in partner countries. At the same time, Chile has devised a strategy aiming to mitigate the effects domestically of graduation from ODA eligibility and is playing a prominent role in international debates, including on “Development in Transition”, in partnership with countries in the region, the European Union (EU), and the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Chile is also working bilaterally on a fund for development in transition to support generating and strengthening regional capacities and recovery in the context of COVID-19.

Overall, Chile’s vision, policies and the 2015 International Development Co-operation Strategy are aligned with the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development and Chilean foreign policy. Given its dual role as a development co-operation provider and beneficiary country, Chile also aims to build new strategic partnerships – for example, with the World Bank, the Adaptation Fund, Switzerland, Japan and the Inter-American Development Bank – while also continuing to benefit from co-operation to address its own domestic development gaps.

Chile is an Adherent to the OECD Recommendation of the Council for Development Co-operation Actors on Managing the Risk of Corruption and the OECD Recommendation of the Council on Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development. In 2019, Chile co-chaired the LAC-DAC Dialogue on Development Co-operation and participated in the DAC Senior-level Meeting. Chile is a member of the core group of the Global Partnership Initiative on Effective Triangular Cooperation. Chile joined the Total Official Support for Sustainable Development (TOSSD) Task Force in 2020. In 2021, the OECD and the Chilean Agency for International Development Cooperation are conducting a TOSSD pilot study on the provider perspective of TOSSD.

AGCID manages and co-ordinates bilateral, triangular and regional co-operation for incoming and outgoing development co-operation. Other partners involved in Chilean development co-operation include national public organisations, as well as academia, civil society organisations, philanthropy and partners from the private sector.

The new Law of Modernization of the Chilean Chancellery (Law 21,080 of March 2018) grants AGCID the function of co-ordinating and administering the National System of International Co-operation, including international co-operation actions for development, carried out by agencies of the state and other actors.

According to OECD estimates, in 2019, Chile’s international development co-operation reached USD 31 million, up from USD 26.7 million in 2018. Bilateral figures are based on Chile’s reporting to TOSSD on its cross-border resources to developing countries. Of this, Chile’s contributions to multilateral organisations totalled USD 24.1 million and were channelled through the United Nations system. Chile’s bilateral co-operation reached USD 6.9 million in 2018.

According to AGCID, its budget for outgoing co-operation was USD 7.1 million in 2019, of which 42.5% went to bilateral and triangular technical co-operation activities and 57.5% went to human capital development (e.g. scholarships). Overall, Chile recorded 144 technical co-operation projects and activities with South America, Central America, the Caribbean and Mexico. Of these initiatives, 124 are bilateral and 20 triangular. In addition, AGCID granted 873 scholarships to professionals, technicians and undergraduate students from South America, Central America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of which 235 are for postgraduate; 59 for undergraduate; 120 for student mobility, academic and research work; and 459 for international courses and graduate diplomas.

Chile’s main triangular co-operation partners in 2019 were the European Union, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand and the United States. These and other partners in triangular co-operation provided additional resources, which amounted to USD 2.3 million in 2019.

In addition to providing development assistance, Chile also benefits from partnerships beyond ODA. In 2019, AGCID co-ordinated 7 projects for a value of about USD 6.5 million, contributing mainly to the development of public policies in the environment and energy sectors in Chile.

Furthermore, in the framework of reciprocity of South-South co-operation, Chile benefited from co-operation with Mexico, the countries of the Pacific Alliance and the Chile-Spain Fund. In 2019, AGCID co-ordinated domestic projects with a value of USD 7.8 million. An additional 42 South-South and triangular co-operation projects benefited Chile for a valur of about USD 954 000.

Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development (ACGID): https://www.agci.cl

AGCID (2019), AGCID’s official brochure, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/Brochure_AGCID.pdf.

AGCID (2019), Chile-Spain Mixed Fund, Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/fondo-chile-espana-menu/menu-fondo-chile-espana.

AGCID (2019), “Balance de gestión integral (BGI) 2018” (in Spanish), Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/AGCIBGI2018.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

AGCID (2019), “Cuenta pública participativa 2018” (in Spanish), Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/cpublica/docs/cuenta_publica_2019.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

AGCID (2017), “Estrategia de cooperación internacional de Chile para el desarrollo 2015-2018” (in Spanish), Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/ESTRATEGIA_DE_COOPERACI%C3%93N_26nov15.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

Government of Chile (2019), Informe de Ejecución Trimestral Periodo 2018 (in Spanish), Ministry of Finance, Santiago, www.dipres.gob.cl/597/articles-184210_doc_pdf.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2019) “Interests of the Chilean foreign policy”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Santiago, https://minrel.gob.cl/minrel/site/artic/20080802/pags/20080802193244.html#vtxt_cuerpo_T1.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2020) “Minister Ribera presents the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ strategic plan with a focus on strengthening alliances and the country’s image”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Santiago, https://minrel.gob.cl/ministro-ribera-presenta-el-plan-estrategico-de-la-cancilleria-con-foco/minrel/2020-01-30/181457.html.

Member of the OECD since 2010. Not a member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

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