Chile

Introduction

Chile’s vision, policies and international development co-operation strategy reflect its dual role as beneficiary and provider country and are guided by the principles of South-South co-operation.

Together with other countries in the region, Chile has debated the issue of graduation from the list of countries that are eligible to receive official development assistance (ODA) as a process that makes invisible the structural gaps that remain in force and suggested the concept of “development in transition” as the most appropriate to reflect the situation of graduated countries.

Chile’s priority partner countries are primarily in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) as well as sub-Saharan Africa. Its bilateral co-operation programme (technical assistance and capacity building) is spread across a range of sectors, including: social development, environment and renewable resources, institutional strengthening, and economic co-operation for development.

Triangular co-operation is an important modality for Chile and focuses on: South America, Mexico, Central America, Africa, the Caribbean, regional LAC and ASEAN countries. Chile’s main partners in triangular co-operation are: OECD countries such as Germany, Japan, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States; ASEAN members: Singapore and Thailand; South-South partners: Brazil, El Salvador and Mexico; as well as international organisations: such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the Organization of American States, the Secretariat for Central American Economic Integration (SIECA) and the European Union.

Decentralised/cross-border co-operation is a growing trend in Chile’s co-operation, initially with Argentina and Peru, and more recently projects with Brazil, Costa Rica and Ecuador are expected to be agreed on soon. This type of co-operation has its territorial approach and works with actors at the subnational and local level.

Co-operation funds are innovative financing mechanisms which have been strengthened in the Chilean co-operation, e.g. with Mexico, Spain and the Chilean South-South Cooperation Fund with the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) and the Cooperation Fund of the Pacific Alliance (PA), currently in process in member countries.

Multi-stakeholder partnerships with the business sector, civil society and/or academia are important for Chile to complement the efforts and competencies of the public sector, to implement initiatives that aim to improve the living conditions of people and the community, within the framework of the national development agendas and the Sustainable Development Goals, especially SDG 17.

Inclusive development in Latin America: An opportunity for governments and social actors

DIALOGAS is a triangular co-operation project with the aim of strengthening the effectiveness of regional level programmes to overcome poverty and improve education. Participating countries include: Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay and Peru. These countries should establish a regional network among the ministries and agencies in charge of implementing policies for improving transversal and socio-emotional competencies, and programmes for overcoming poverty and improving education.

Results of the project include the expansion of the regional articulation space promoted by the Regional Cooperation Committee on Transversal and Socio-emotional Competences (MESACTS), through the incorporation of new entities; the installation of three new National Tables in Argentina, Paraguay and Guatemala; and awareness-raising for the future installation of National Tables in Panama and Uruguay.

This project is part of the triangular co-operation mechanism (ADELANTE Program) of the European Union. Within the framework of this mechanism, the Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development presented the DIALOGAS project and is the national focal point.

Total budget: EUR 635 580

Implementation period: 28 months, starting in January 2017

Institutional set-up

The Chilean International Cooperation Agency for Development (AGCID) manages and co-ordinates bilateral, triangular and regional co-operation for incoming and outgoing development. The AGCID had an institutional budget of approximately USD 13 million for the year 2017, the same as for 2018.

The new Law of Modernization of the Chilean Chancellery (Law 20,080 of March 2018) grants the AGCID the function of co-ordinating and administering the National System of International Co-operation, including international co-operation actions for development, carried out by agencies of the state and other actors.

Estimates of international development co-operation

For the 2017-18 biennium, Chile’s triangular co-operation (technical transfer and capacity building) amounted to USD 6 million, raised by AGCID and its partners. In turn, bilateral co-operation provided by Chile, mainly in the form of technical assistance and scholarships, for the same biennium was nearly USD 8 million for each year. Finally, the resources contributed by the Chile Fund Against Hunger and Poverty accounted for around USD 6 million during the same period.

According to OECD estimates, in 2017, Chile’s international development co-operation reached USD 24 million, down from USD 33 million in 2016. Of this, Chile’s contributions to multilateral organisations totalled USD 12.3 million, which were channelled through the United Nations system.

Performance against the commitments for effective development co-operation

Share

Embed code for this view

Copy code
Code copied!

Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

Additional resources

Agencia Chilena de Cooperación International para el Desarrollo (ACGID): https://www.agci.cl

AGCID (2019), “Balance de gestión integral (BGI) 2018” (in Spanish), Chilean Agency for International Co-operation and Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/AGCIBGI2018.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

AGCID (2019), “Cuenta pública participativa 2018” (in Spanish), Chilean Agency for International Co-operation and Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/cpublica/docs/cuenta_publica_2019.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

AGCID (2018), “Balance de gestión integral (BGI) 2017” (in Spanish), Chilean Agency for International Co-operation and Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/AGCIBGI2017.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

AGCID (2017), “Estrategia de cooperación internacional de Chile para el desarrollo 2015-2018” (in Spanish), Chilean Agency for International Co-operation and Development, Santiago, https://www.agci.cl/images/centro_documentacion/ESTRATEGIA_DE_COOPERACI%C3%93N_26nov15.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

Government of Chile (2019), Informe de ejecución trimestral período 2017 (in Spanish), Ministry of Finance, Santiago, www.dipres.gob.cl/597/articles-170546_doc_pdf.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

Government of Chile (2019), Informe de ejecución trimestral periodo 2018 (in Spanish), Ministry of Finance, Santiago, www.dipres.gob.cl/597/articles-184210_doc_pdf.pdf (accessed on 16 May 2019).

Member of the OECD since 2010. Not a member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

Chile