New Zealand (2023-2024 Income tax year)


The national currency is the New Zealand dollar (NZD). In the year to March 2023, NZD 1.60 was equal to USD 1 on average. The average worker earned NZD 76 001 (Country estimate1).

In New Zealand, the tax year starts April 1st and ends March 31st.

Members of the family are taxed separately.

Refer to section 3.

Refer to section 3.

Rates of income tax for individuals:

  • On so much of the income as does not exceed NZD 14 000: 10.5%.

  • On so much of the income as exceeds NZD 14 000 but does not exceed NZD 48 000: 17.5%.

  • On so much of the income as exceeds NZD 48 000 but does not exceed NZD 70 000: 30%.

  • On so much of the income as exceeds NZD 70 000 but does not exceed NZD 180 000: 33%.

  • On so much of the income as exceeds NZD 180 000: 39%.

New Zealand has no state or local income tax.

New Zealand has no compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the Government sector.

It should be noted that there is an accident compensation scheme administered by the Accident Compensation Corporation for residents and temporary visitors to New Zealand. This scheme is funded in part by premiums paid by employees and employers. For employees, the premium will increase for 2023/24 to represent 1.33% of their gross earnings from 1.27% for gross earnings for 2022/23. For employers and the self-employed, the premiums are based on a percentage of the total payroll and the applicable rate varies depending upon the associated accident risk (the average rate is 0.63% for 2023/24). This scheme is not considered as a compulsory social security contribution for the purposes of the Report.

The main entitlements in New Zealand are targeted at families under the blanket title ‘Working for Families’ (‘WFF’). There are four main payments that constitute WFF, which are described in 3.2 – 3.5 below. The Independent Earner Tax Credit (IETC) is another form of support that is separate from WFF and is described in 3.6 below.


The Best Start Tax Credit (“BSTC”) is a payment made to families with a new-born baby. From 1 April 2023, the BSTC payment increased to NZD 69 per week (3 632 per year) for the first year of the child’s life. There is no income limit for receiving the BSTC payment in the first year of the child’s life. The BSTC continues to provide NZD 3 632 per year for the second and third year of a child’s life, but this abates at 21.00 cents in the dollar for every dollar by which a family’s income exceeds the abatement threshold of NZD 79 000. For families receiving paid parental leave, the BSTC payment begins after paid parental leave ends.

The Family Tax Credit (FTC) is available to families with dependent children regardless of whether they receive a main benefit. FTC pays an amount for a family’s eldest child, and a lesser amount for each subsequent child. From 1 April 2023, the eldest child rate increased to NZD 7 121 per year and the subsequent child rate increased to NZD 5 802. The total credit is abated by 27.00 cents on each dollar earned over NZD 42 700. The abatement is based on the combined family income.

The In Work Tax Credit (IWTC) is available to families with dependent children who have some income from paid employment each week, and who are not receiving an income-tested benefit or student allowance. IWTC provides NZD 3 770 per family per year (or NZD 72.50 a week) for up to three children, plus an additional NZD 780 per year (or NZD 15 a week) for fourth and subsequent children. It uses the same abatement regime used with the FTC, although it does not begin to abate until the FTC entitlement has been abated to zero.

From 1 April 2021, the IWTC is available for up to two weeks when taking an unpaid break from work. This is intended to provide support for those transitioning between jobs or who are unpaid for a period.

The Minimum Family Tax Credit (“MFTC”) effectively guarantees a minimum after-tax income for all full-time working families with dependent children and is intended to ensure that working families are better off in work than they would be if they were on a benefit. For the purposes of MFTC, “full-time” employment is defined as 20 hours or more per week for a sole parent, and 30 hours or more per week combined for a two-parent family.

The MFTC threshold (the level to which after-tax income is topped up to) rose from NZD 32 864 per year to NZD 34 216 on 1 April 2023.

The Independent Earner Tax Credit (IETC) of up to NZD 520 per year is available to individuals who do not receive other forms of support such as WFF tax credits or benefits, and who have an annual net income between NZD 24 000 and NZD 48 000. The IETC abates at a rate of 13 cents on each dollar earned over NZD 44000. Unlike WFF tax credits, the IETC is calculated on the recipient’s individual income rather than family income and does not require the recipient to have dependent children.

The Annual Earnings figure is derived from the Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) for those employees in the B-N industry groups based on the ISIC Rev.4 definition. The annual earnings figure for the average worker is the sum of the four quarterly earnings figures, with each quarterly figure calculated by taking the average total weekly earnings and multiplying it by 13 weeks per quarter. In 2021 the QES was redesigned, which means that the average wage data for 2021 may not be directly comparable to previous years.2 In 2022 the ISIC version 4 replaced the version 3 concordance, which has changed average annual earnings estimates for previous years and limits comparability.

No information available.

The equations for the New Zealand system in 2023 are mostly repeated for each individual of a couple. But the cash transfer is calculated only once. This is shown by the Range indicator in the table below. The functions which are used in the equations (Taper, MIN, Tax etc) are described in the technical note about tax equations. Variable names are defined in the table of parameters above, within the equations table, or are the standard variables “married” and “children”. A reference to a variable with the affix “_total” indicates the sum of the relevant variable values for the principal and spouse. And the affixes “_princ” and “_spouse” indicate the value for the principal and spouse, respectively. Equations for a single person are as shown for the principal, with “_spouse” values taken as 0.

Legal and rights

This document, as well as any data and map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. Extracts from publications may be subject to additional disclaimers, which are set out in the complete version of the publication, available at the link provided.

© OECD 2024

The use of this work, whether digital or print, is governed by the Terms and Conditions to be found at