copy the linklink copied!Malta

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

Tourism is an important contributor to Malta’s economy, directly supporting 33 180 jobs and 14.9% of total employment in 2018. The contribution of tourism to Malta’s GDP in 2018 was 12.8%, making tourism one of the top five contributors to the economy. Total tourist expenditure was EUR 2.1 billion, an increase of 8% from 2017.

In 2018, there were 3.2 million international arrivals, an 11.0% increase on 2017. International tourist numbers have almost doubled since 2010. In 2018, Malta’s top three inbound markets for overnight visitors were the United Kingdom, Italy and Germany with a market share of 24.6%, 15.0% and 8.7% respectively, accounting for almost half of all inbound tourism. The UK market has grown by 14.2% over 2017 to reach 640 600 tourist in 2018, while, the Italian market has also grown by 7.4% to 390 600 tourists. The German market has fluctuated, with a 17.6% growth between 2017 and 2018, peaking at 227 000 tourists in 2018.

Domestic tourism in Malta is relatively small. It consists primarily of flows between Malta and the second island of Gozo, although there is a small but growing trend for residents of the main island to stay overnight in hotels on Malta. In 2018, resident tourism in collective establishments are estimated at 185 000 arrivals, an increase of 10.5% over 2017. Domestic tourists to the Gozo and Comino islands, numbered 227 121 in 2018, a decrease of 4.1% from 2017. Gozo and Comino residents who travelled to Malta in 2018 as domestic tourists totalled 18 356, a decrease of 23.3% from 2017.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

Tourism is directly represented in Cabinet through a dedicated Minister of Tourism who is also responsible for aviation policy. The Ministry has political responsibility for a number of agencies and companies connected with tourism, including the Malta Tourism Authority, Conventions Malta, Foundation for Tourism Zones, Grand Harbour Regeneration Corporation, the Institute of Tourism Studies, Air Malta, Malta Air Traffic Services, the Mediterranean Conference Centre and the Malta Film Commission.

The Malta Tourism Authority is the Island’s national tourism organisation. Established in 1999, its role is to promote and advance Malta as a tourism destination and to assist and advise government on any tourism-related issues. The Institute of Tourism Studies trains students in hospitality and tourism, providing personnel who can guarantee an excellent standard of product and service. Conventions Malta, operating as part of the National Tourism Organisation, promotes the islands as a MICE destination while the Mediterranean Conference Centre is a key historic site and one of Malta’s landmarks. The Foundation for Tourism Zones works with various ministries to co-ordinate the upkeep and maintenance of key tourism zones in order to improve the visitor experience.

The Ministry collaborates with other ministries and bodies to develop and implement policy and undertakes regeneration projects to improve the quality and sustainability of the offer. The Ministry also has close ties with a variety of tourism associations, with the private sector represented on the Boards of the NTO and the Institute of Tourism. A key relationship is with the Ministry for Transport, Infrastructure and Capital Projects to improve air connectivity by means of agreements with third countries. The country does not have regional bodies, due to its size, but is sub-divided into 60 local councils with whom there is regular co-ordination, particularly with respect to tourism zone management and product development.

In 2018, the total budget was EUR 101.8 million, an increase of 12% over 2017. Of this, 20.2% was allocated to the Ministry of Tourism and 61% to the Malta Tourism Authority. Other recipients included the Institute of Tourism Studies (5.6%), Grand Harbour Regeneration Corporation (6.8%) and the Foundation for Tourism Zone Development (6.5%). The increase in budget is due to additions to the Ministry for Tourism’s portfolio and an increase in regeneration projects.

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Malta: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Malta: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted from the Ministry of Tourism, 2020

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

Tourism in Malta is diversified, both in terms of geographical spread and type of visitor. This ensures lower than average seasonality when compared to many Mediterranean destinations. Despite this, several challenges remain including economic instability in source markets, the impact of Brexit in the United Kingdom as Malta’s principal inbound market, political instability in North Africa, air routes and connectivity, and the small size of the domestic market. While the season is longer relative to many neighbours, the challenge remains to maintain high-season volumes whilst increasing shoulder and off-season activity.

The Ministry’s National Tourism Policy for 2015-20, contains three main inter-related objectives, forming the basis of the sustainable development of tourism to Malta. The objectives are to:

  • Manage visitor numbers,

  • Raise the level of quality across the entire tourism value chain by upgrading products and services,

  • Further reduce seasonality by attracting new geographic source markets and year-round segments.

A further priority remains the improvement of airline connectivity and efforts are being undertaken to optimise tourism flows throughout the year. The achievement of these objectives requires a national effort since, while some of the responsibilities such as connectivity and marketing, lie directly with the Ministry, other objectives fall within the remit of other ministries and stakeholders. The role of Air Malta as the national carrier remains pivotal and ongoing reform of that organisation is also important.

The following policy actions aim to address the challenges facing the tourism industry:

  • Improve the skill base and promote tourism as a prospective career,

  • Improve digitalisation skills and promote innovation,

  • Offer additional tourism services and infrastructure,

  • Strengthen efforts and governance structures to further improve management and upkeep of tourism zones, beaches, and areas visited by tourists,

  • Work to ensure sustainability of the tourism product by encouraging resource efficiency and a circular economy,

  • Optimise the relationship between volume growth and value growth particularly during the peak season when saturation levels are high,

  • Target strategic markets whilst continuing to focus on product diversification and an improved service offering,

  • Provide the necessary support frameworks to enable better performance, higher-value added and an improved economic model in order to generate increased multiplier effects, fair distribution of income and strengthened value-chain linkages.

In 2018, the MTA carried out a study on Local Resident Perceptions and Attitudes towards tourism development in Malta. Findings showed that residents’ support for tourism in the Maltese Islands is very high; positive impacts are perceived to surpass the negative impacts of tourism; and empowerment through tourism is significantly positively perceived by residents.

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Managing tourism change in Malta

In order to future-proof tourism policy in Malta, four main priority areas have been identified:

  • Modernising tourism regulations. The Ministry of Tourism is in the process of updating the Malta Travel and Tourism Services Act to ensure the legislative framework acts as a stimulus for growth rather than a barrier to change and innovation. The review aims to simplify the legislation and streamline procedures in the development, licensing and enforcement of tourism operations.

  • Sharing intelligence. Collaboration of a range of stakeholders from national and local government, DMOs and the private sector through the Malta Tourism Authority (MTA), has created an intelligence sharing system, providing a detailed understanding of developments, issues, threats and opportunities. The MTA carries out research to monitor the profile of incoming tourism and emerging trends in the market place. 

  • Developing a classification system. Malta has developed a tourism service provider classification system designed to integrate a variety of new offers within existing frameworks.

  • Investment in digital innovation. Capabilities for managing future technologies and digital innovation uptake in the tourism sector will be strengthened locally through specific initiatives, such as the Digital Tourism Platform (DTP) being developed by the Ministry for Tourism and MTA. The DTP will provide information relevant to tourists, and it will gather information enabling personalised information to enhance the visitor experience and include Augmented and Virtual Reality to provide an innovative and engaging interface.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Malta: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

..

..

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

200 p

204

236

261

245

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Nights in all types of accommodation

510 p

563

623

708

650

Hotels and similar establishments

121 p

136

115

156

158

Other collective establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Private accommodation

389 p

426

508

552

492

Inbound tourism

Total international arrivals

2 115

2 313

2 534

2 840

3 153

Overnight visitors (tourists)

1 690

1 783

1 966

2 274

2 599

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

425

530

568

566

554

Top markets

United Kingdom

488

526

560

561

641

Italy

263

283

315

364

391

Germany

143

142

157

193

227

France

126

128

145

176

213

Spain

42

47

55

76

99

Nights in all types of accommodation

13 522

14 152

14 961

16 509

18 570

Hotels and similar establishments

8 867

8 801

8 886

9 418

10 082

Other collective establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Private accommodation

4 655

5 350

6 075

7 092

8 488

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

430

474

549

632

728

Overnight visitors (tourists)

391

428

497

572

667

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

39

46

53

60

61

Top destinations

Italy

123

137

166

181

212

United Kingdom

92

89

96

106

119

Germany

22

24

32

38

42

Spain

18

19

23

28

38

France

22

21

17

22

28

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION USD

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

1 783

1 677

2 039

2 407

1 819

International travel receipts

1 520

1 382

1 445

1 722

1 819 e

International passenger transport receipts

263

295

594

685

..

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

398

368

408

467

512

International travel expenditure

398

368

408

467

512 e

International passenger transport expenditure

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available; e Estimated value; p Provisional data

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078623

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Malta: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments1

Number of persons employed

2017

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

6 828

..

..

..

..

..

Tourism industries

..

25 894

26 169

30 760

32 732

33 180

Accommodation services for visitors

430

7 030

6 336

7 202

7 954

7 547

Hotels and similar establishments

..

..

..

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving industry

2 617

5 929

6 562

7 900

6 824

7 215

Passenger transport

933

3 905

3 767

3 972

4 054

3 776

Air passenger transport

20

1 289

1 453

1 399

1 461

1 563

Railways passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Road passenger transport

821

1 861

1 664

1 651

1 369

1 416

Water passenger transport

92

755 e

650 e

923 e

1 224 e

797 e

Passenger transport supporting services

283

2 405

2 025

3 124

4 494

4 023

Transport equipment rental

156

402 e

557 e

613 e

125 e

683 e

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

620

1 165

1 254

1 050

1 029

1 228 e

Cultural industry

1 296

5 059

5 668

6 898

8 253

8 708

Sports and recreation industry

486

979

998

759

1 477

2 014

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available; e Estimated value

1. Data refer to number of enterprises.

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078642

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Malta: Internal tourism consumption
Million EUR

2010

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

..

..

..

Consumption products

112

1 033

1 150

Tourism characteristic products

99

859

963

Accommodation services for visitors

7

232

243

Food and beverage serving services

17

258

275

Passenger transport services

31

256

287

Air passenger transport services

29

231

260

Railways passenger transport services

..

..

..

Road passenger transport services

2

25

26

Water passenger transport services

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

0

19

19

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

44

36

80

Cultural services

0

13

13

Sports and recreation services

0

23

23

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

..

..

..

Other consumption products

13

174

187

Tourism connected products

4

104

108

Non-tourism related consumption products

9

70

79

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078661

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