copy the linklink copied!Slovak Republic

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

In 2018, international travel receipts in the Slovak Republic reached EUR 2.7 billion, up 4.7 % from the previous year. This amounts to 3% of GDP and represents 27.6% of service related exports. There was a surplus in the travel balance of payments of EUR 485 million.

In 2018, Slovakia attracted more visitors than in any previous year. Based on accommodation statistics, the total number of inbound tourists increased by 4.3% to 2.3 million in 2018. The five leading international markets are Czech Republic (31.1% of international tourists), Poland (10.0%), Germany (7.9%), Hungary (5.0%) and Austria (4.4%), which together accounted for 58.4% of all international arrivals.

As regards to domestic tourism and according to the TSA, this accounted for 14.5 million trips in 2016, up 12.1% over 2015. Of these trips, 54.0% were overnight.

In total, 18 786 enterprises provided either accommodation or food services in 2018, 4.4% fewer than in 2017. As of the end of December 2018, there were 4 007 establishments providing accommodation services in Slovakia. These establishments offered 170 700 beds. The number of employees in accommodation and catering establishments was 110 700 in 2018, representing 4.3% of the total workforce.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

Responsibility for tourism rests with the Ministry of Transport and Construction. The Tourism Section of the Ministry is divided into three departments covering International Relations and Marketing, State Tourism Policy, and Destination Management. Responsibilities include the preparation of legislation and regulations, strategy formulation, implementation of the Tourism Support Act, gathering statistical data, and the administration of the register of tourism organisations. The Tourism Section is also responsible for marketing and promotion, and has six overseas offices located in the key markets of Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Austria, Hungary and the Russian Federation.

The Ministry co-operates with other ministries through participation in various committees dealing with issues affecting tourism, including the Working Group to Co-ordinate the Presentation of Slovakia Abroad, the Interdepartmental Commission of the Geo-parks Network, the Impact and Adaptation Steering group, and the Working Group of the Government Council for Vocational Education and Training.

Tourism responsibilities are delegated to self-governing bodies in eight regions, while municipalities also play an important role in the development of tourism. Local and regional destination management organisations (DMOs) are responsible for the development of tourism products and promotion. Local DMOs are created by municipalities, tourism business entities, non-profit organisations, foundations and associations with activities in the field of tourism. Regional DMOs are formed by the regional self-governing authorities and at least one local DMO. Currently there are 37 local and 7 regional DMOs operating in Slovakia, funded by subsidies provided by the Ministry, membership fees and other sources.

Representatives of the main nationwide tourism organisations are members of the Slovak Tourism Association, which promotes co-operation in the sector and advises on any legislative changes deemed necessary. Tourism associations contribute at local and regional levels, primarily in the field of quality improvement, professional training and the sharing of best practice.

The Ministerial budget for tourism was EUR 11.6 million in 2018, of which EUR 3.9 million was for marketing and promotional activities, with a further EUR 2.2 million for implementation of sectoral policies. Almost EUR 5.5 million was distributed in the form of subsidies to local and regional DMOs, mainly for product development, tourist infrastructure and marketing.

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Slovak Republic: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Slovak Republic: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted from the Ministry of Transport and Construction, 2020.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

The Government’s main tourism policy aims, as set out in the Manifesto of the Government of the Slovak Republic for 2016-20, are to increase the competitiveness of the sector while creating new jobs across the country. To achieve these goals, it has recognised the need to:

  • Consider more flexible forms of employment given the seasonal nature of tourism.

  • Improve co-ordination between the rail and bus sectors, and the operators of tourism resorts.

  • Present the country as an attractive and safe destination, to encourage visitors and longer stays.

  • Encourage destination management through DMOs which in turn actively represent Slovakia.

  • Strengthen the development of higher value added, cost-effective tourism products.

  • Place more emphasis on support for the development of the spa industry.

In addition to the Manifesto, Slovakia’s tourism priorities are set out in two other main policy documents:

  • Tourism Development Strategy until 2020, which aims to increase the competitiveness of the tourism sector, balance regional disparities, and create jobs with a focus on two key areas - raising the quality of the tourism offer and promoting Slovakia as a tourism destination.

  • Tourism Marketing Strategy 2019-20, which seeks to maximise the economic benefits of tourism by: increasing the volumes and length of stay of both domestic and inbound tourism, and aid efficient utilisation of accommodation capacity; strengthening Slovakia’s brand positioning as an attractive tourist destination offering a competitive product; and using major events to raise the awareness of Slovakia’s tourism offer.

The priorities and challenges identified in the strategic documents have been addressed by various policy initiatives, including:

  • Implementing a destination management approach for tourism development through the Tourism Support Act, which regulates tourism support, including local and regional tourism organisations that receive co-funding support from the state budget for various activities.

  • Developing and approving legislation, including to provide subsidies to support the development of cycle tourism in Slovakia, and enact the EU Directive on Package Travel.

  • Supporting the development of innovative products, including through funding support provided by the Ministry to local and regional tourism organisations. Recent examples include tourist navigation systems, digital tourist information panels, tourist cards, cyclo-applications, geo-location applications, e-bike products and digital geographic information systems.

  • Supporting domestic tourism participation through the implementation of the recreation vouchers initiative (see box).

  • Reducing the VAT on accommodation services to 10%, compared to a national rate of 20%.

  • Signing a co-operation agreement between the Ministry and the Statistical Office to improve statistics relating to inbound tourism and establish a Tourism Satellite Account.

  • Co-operating with the Visegrad Four Group under the common Discover Central Europe brand, which aims to increase joint marketing and promotional activities in overseas markets and to increase visitor numbers from long-haul markets to the ‘V4’ countries - the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.

Trade initiatives have also been undertaken to promote tourism growth. These include the promotion of vocational education and training in the tourism sector, the financing of a study using mobile operators’ data to inform evidence-based tourism policy, and the development and implementation of the National Tourist System to ensure a professional presentation of Slovakia as an attractive tourist destination. Additionally, co-operation with the Slovak Ice Hockey Federation was undertaken to realise the potential of the Ice Hockey World Championship held in Slovakia in 2019.

A new Sustainable Tourism Strategy to guide the long-term development of tourism to 2030 is currently being prepared and will consider how to: co-ordinate tourism to support SMART solutions (such as support of data-oriented destination development, and digitalisation of tourism assets) and a whole of government approach; present Slovakia as a tourism destination, and develop products that can best support the development of sustainable tourism, and maximise the protection and conservation of the country’s natural and cultural resources while encouraging their development as tourism assets; improve the accessibility of tourism facilities; reduce regional disparities and support the growth of less developed districts by improving connectivity and new products; and increase the skills of workforce in the tourism sector.

The Slovak Republic introduced recreation vouchers, which can be exchanged for domestic accommodation and experiences, thus boosting domestic tourism in Slovakia. Companies employing more than 49 people are required to provide these vouchers to employees who have worked for them for at least 24 months and who have applied for the contribution. The employer contribution equals 55% of eligible costs, to a maximum of EUR 275. The sum is exempt from income tax and deductions for both employees and employers. Recreational vouchers can be used for tourism services connected with accommodation for at least two night stays, or tourism packages comprising accommodation for at least two night stays and catering services or other services related to a recreational stay. Employees can also use the vouchers to pay for holiday camps for their children.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Slovak Republic: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

2 253

2 609

2 997

3 213

3 340

Overnight visitors (tourists)

2 253

2 609

2 997

3 213

3 340

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Nights in all types of accommodation

6 996

7 894

8 993

9 507

9 819

Hotels and similar establishments

6 859

7 703

8 750

9 233

9 501

Other collective establishments

70

89

107

118

128

Private accommodation

67

102

137

156

189

Inbound tourism

Total international arrivals

1 475

1 721

2 027

2 162

2 256

Overnight visitors (tourists)

1 475

1 721

2 027

2 162

2 256

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Top markets

Czech Republic

437

510

621

645

702

Poland

158

168

188

210

226

Germany

138

159

178

192

178

Hungary

58

70

91

101

112

Austria

67

82

88

97

100

Nights in all types of accommodation

3 904

4 456

5 145

5 429

5 696

Hotels and similar establishments

3 171

3 642

4 083

4 250

4 351

Other collective establishments

681

743

955

1 067

1 208

Private accommodation

52

72

107

112

138

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

4 738

5 194

6 336

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

2 760

3 227

3 491

..

..

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

1 978

1 968

2 844

..

..

Top destinations

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION EUR

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

1 924

2 239

2 538

2 665

2 817

International travel receipts

1 890

2 192

2 483

2 588

2 710

International passenger transport receipts

34

47

55

77

107

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

1 945

2 043

2 186

2 296

2 403

International travel expenditure

1 829

1 917

2 023

2 125

2 225

International passenger transport expenditure

116

126

163

171

178

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077768

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Slovak Republic: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments1

Number of persons employed

2016

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

..

..

..

..

..

..

Tourism industries

28 578

144 129

147 968

147 677

..

..

Accommodation services for visitors

3 257

15 974

16 642

17 357

..

..

Hotels and similar establishments

..

..

..

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving industry

13 823

71 412

73 407

70 997

..

..

Passenger transport

3 855

25 484

26 118

26 804

..

..

Air passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Road passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Water passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental

579

1 412

1 302

1 208

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

1 410

3 442

3 207

3 254

..

..

Cultural industry

1 589

9 256

9 482

9 777

..

..

Sports and recreation industry

4 065

17 149

17 810

18 280

..

..

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available

1. Data refer to number of enterprises.

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077787

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Slovak Republic: Internal tourism consumption
Million EUR

2016

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

..

..

..

Consumption products

..

..

..

Tourism characteristic products

1 869

2 466

5 290

Accommodation services for visitors

331

412

820

Food and beverage serving services

168

502

671

Passenger transport services

335

403

1 177

Air passenger transport services

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport services

..

..

..

Road passenger transport services

..

..

..

Water passenger transport services

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

67

25

92

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

135

9

144

Cultural services

42

13

330

Sports and recreation services

127

64

296

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

555

997

1 552

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

110

42

209

Other consumption products

..

..

..

Tourism connected products

..

..

..

Non-tourism related consumption products

..

..

..

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077806

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