Viet Nam

1182. Viet Nam can legally issue the following type of rulings within the scope of the transparency framework: cross-border unilateral APAs and any other cross-border unilateral tax rulings (such as an advance tax ruling) covering transfer pricing or the application of transfer pricing principles.

1183. For Viet Nam, past rulings are any tax rulings within scope that are issued either: (i) on or after 1 January 2015 but before 1 September 2017; or (ii) on or after 1 January 2012 but before 1 January 2015, provided they were still in effect as at 1 January 2015. Future rulings are any tax rulings within scope that are issued on or after 1 September 2017. In last year’s report, Viet Nam indicated it had put the APA program on hold due to the new assessment requirements set out in the revised Tax Administration Law promulgated in 2019 and in effect as of July 2020. As a result, none of the APA requests previously received were approved, no APAs were issued during the year in review and no new APA requests have been accepted.

1184. In the prior years’ peer review reports, it was determined that Viet Nam’s undertakings to identify past and future rulings and all potential exchange jurisdictions were sufficient to meet the minimum standard. In addition, it was determined that Viet Nam’s review and supervision mechanism was sufficient to meet the minimum standard. Viet Nam’s implementation remains unchanged, and therefore continues to meet the minimum standard.

1185. Viet Nam has met all of the ToR for the information gathering process and no recommendations are made.

1186. Viet Nam has the necessary domestic legal basis to exchange information spontaneously. Viet Nam notes that there are no legal or practical impediments that prevent the spontaneous exchange of information on rulings as contemplated in the Action 5 minimum standard.

1187. Viet Nam has international agreements permitting spontaneous exchange of information, including being a party to bilateral agreements in force with 76 jurisdictions.1

1188. In the prior years’ peer review reports, it was determined that Viet Nam’s process for the completion and exchange of templates met all the ToR, except for the completion and exchange of templates (ToR II.B). Therefore, Viet Nam was recommended to continue to put in place a process to complete the templates for all relevant rulings and to ensure the timely exchange of information on rulings in the form required by the transparency framework.

1189. During the year in review, Viet Nam continued to work on the development of a process to complete the templates on relevant rulings, to make them available to the Competent Authority for exchange of information, and to exchange them with relevant jurisdictions. This process has been further developed in 2021, following the issuance of a revised APA regulation (i.e. Ministry of Finance’s circular no. 45/2021/TT-BTC dated 18 June 2021) and the restructuring of the Large Taxpayers Department, including refinement of Large Taxpayers Office’s functions. Viet Nam indicated that further detailed instructions on the implementation of this process are going to be developed in 2021. This will be assessed in next year’s peer review. Therefore, for the year in review, the prior year recommendation remains.

1190. As no rulings within the scope of the transparency framework have been issued in practice, Viet Nam was not required to complete any exchanges of information and there is no data to report on the timeliness of exchanges.

1191. Viet Nam has the necessary legal basis for spontaneous exchange of information. Viet Nam is currently putting in place a process for completion of templates and exchange of information on rulings (ToR II.B). Viet Nam is recommended to develop a process to complete the templates on relevant rulings and to ensure that the exchanges of information on rulings occur in accordance with the form and timelines under the transparency framework.

1192. As there was no information on rulings required to be exchanged by Viet Nam for the year in review, no statistics can be reported.

1193. Viet Nam does not offer an intellectual property regime for which transparency requirements under the Action 5 Report (OECD, 2015[1]) were imposed.

References

[3] OECD (2021), BEPS Action 5 on Harmful Tax Practices - Terms of Reference and Methodology for the Conduct of the Peer Reviews of the Action 5 Transparency Framework, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://www.oecd.org/tax/beps/beps-action-5-harmful-tax-practices-peer-review-transparency-framework.pdf.

[1] OECD (2015), Countering Harmful Tax Practices More Effectively, Taking into Account Transparency and Substance, Action 5 - 2015 Final Report, OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264241190-en.

[2] OECD (ed.) (2017b), Harmful Tax Practices - 2017 Progress Report on Preferential Regimes, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264283954-en.

[4] OECD/Council of Europe (2011), The Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters: Amended by the 2010 Protocol, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264115606-en.

Note

← 1. Viet Nam has bilateral agreements with Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, China (People's Republic of), Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Luxembourg, Macau (China), Malaysia, Malta, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Authority, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan and Venezuela.

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