copy the linklink copied!Netherlands

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

The importance of domestic and inbound tourism for the Netherlands remains high, with both providing a substantial impetus to the Dutch economy. In 2018, expenditure in the hospitality sector accounted for EUR 87.5 billion. In 2018, the sector employed 679 000 people, which accounted for 7.2% of total employment. The sector directly contributes to 4.4% of total GDP. Travel exports accounted for 7.6% of total service exports in 2018.

According to the latest figures, in 2018 the Netherlands was visited by 18.8 million international overnight visitors, with the largest proportion originating from neighbouring countries. As in previous years, Germany was the largest source market (30.3%), growing 8.5% in 2018 when compared with 2017. Other leading foreign markets were Belgium (12.8%) and the United Kingdom (11.8%). Also many tourists came from Asia (7.2 %) and the America’s (11.0%). Inbound tourism generated receipts of EUR 32.5 billion.

In addition the number of domestic overnight visitors in the Netherlands in 2018 was 25.1 million, up 3.4% over 2017. Domestic tourism generated receipts of EUR 51.9 billion.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy is responsible for tourism at the national level. This includes stimulating innovation, entrepreneurship and sustainability, acting as a first point of contact within government for tourism industry associations and stakeholders, and partial funding of the Netherlands Board of Tourism and Conventions (NBTC) Holland Marketing (up to a maximum of 50% of total funding).

NBTC Holland Marketing uses a private-public partnership model to create the co-operation necessary to organise marketing programmes, enabling a variety of different partners to contribute budget and other investments around a shared goal. These can be public partners (national, provincial and municipal authorities or regional tourist boards), public-private partners (marketing and promotional organisations) and private partners (businesses in tourism and related sectors), in the Netherlands and other countries.

Regional and local authorities are responsible for tourism policy at their respective levels, and deal with tourism matters such as funding regional and local destination marketing organisations, which are responsible for both domestic and international marketing, as well as product development.

In 2019, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy provided the NBTC Holland Marketing with a subsidy of EUR 8.9 million.

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Netherlands: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Netherlands: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted from the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy, 2020

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

In 2018, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy together with NBTC Holland Marketing and the provinces, organised the Netherland’s first National Tourism Summit. The goal of the Summit was to enhancing co-operation between public and private stakeholders involved with tourism and developing an Action Programme fit for the future. The objective was to work on a joint approach to enable as many cities, towns and regions as possible to benefit from growing tourism and learn from each other.

During the Summit, NBTC Holland Marketing presented Perspective 2030, a new vision for destination Netherlands. The objective of Perspective 2030 is that by 2030 everyone in the Netherlands must, on balance, benefit from tourism (Box 3.4).

Until 2015, NBTC Holland Marketing targeted growth in numbers of visitors, since tourism offered clear opportunities for the economy. Significant and continuing growth, however, has shown a downside to the country’s popularity. In response, the Netherlands introduced the HollandCity Strategy, which seeks to spreading visitors in time and space. The aim is to entice visitors to go to less well known places throughout the country. Despite the HollandCity Strategy’s contribution, the continued and forecast growth makes it necessary to change policy. Therefore Government aims to:

  • Facilitate co-operation between regions.

  • Improve data and build knowledge of the sector.

  • Encourage the development of destination management.

To achieve these goals, NBTC Holland Marketing’s objectives and activities will be adjusted during the next subsidy period, taking into account an independent policy evaluation targeting NBTC Holland Marketing’s performance for the period 2016-2019, which will be completed in 2019. Promotion and marketing activities will be replaced by destination management activities.

Data is essential for effective policy making. The National Data Alliance (LDA) was created in 2018 by NBTC Holland Marketing, Statistics Netherlands and the Centre of Expertise for Leisure, Tourism and Hospitality (CELTH), by bundling data and expertise, the focus is on developing insights which benefit decision-making. The LDA is intended as an open network, in which everybody can participate, who is interested in sharing data, analysis and insights in the field of tourism. The focus is on four major subjects: number and profiles of visitors, customer journey, impact of tourism and the supply-side of tourism. The intention is to start in 2019 with a small number of projects and gradually expand the field of research.

Furthermore, in September 2019 the central government will receive advice on ‘Tourism in relation to the human environment’, by the Council for the Environment and Infrastructure, which is an independent advisory board. This advice could influence future policy development regarding tourism.

Together, the Perspective 2030 sectoral view on Destination Netherlands, NBTC Holland Marketing’s policy evaluation, and the report on Tourism in relation to the Human Environment, will all combine to help the Netherlands adjust its policy objectives for the future.

Future policy responses by the Netherlands Government target three main trends and goals, each of which has specific targets:

  • Growing tourism: the target is to spread tourism in time and space, and shift objectives from promotion and marketing towards destination management.

  • Increasing co-operation between different layers of government: this will be enhanced by promoting provincial and regional synergies, and by formulating an action programme based on the strategic pillars of Perspective 2030.

  • Increasing co-operation within the tourism sector: other core targets include positioning different attractive destinations, accessibility, sustainable tourism, and improving visitor experiences.

The Provinces, NBTC Holland Marketing and the Ministry of Economic Affairs & Climate Policy have taken the initiative to formulate an Action Programme in which these strategic pillars are further developed. The Action Programme aims for stronger collaboration among national and regional authorities and private parties and was presented during the second National Tourism Summit in late 2019.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Netherlands: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

..

..

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

21 931

22 311

23 054

24 311

25 132

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Nights in all types of accommodation

65 328

66 237

66 589

67 529

69 080

Hotels and similar establishments

47 939

49 516

50 201

52 628

53 614

Other collective establishments

17 389

16 720

16 388

14 901

15 466

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Inbound tourism

Total international arrivals

..

..

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

13 925

15 007

15 829

17 924

18 780

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Top markets

Germany

3 894

4 283

4 615

5 243

5 689

Belgium

1 828

1 965

2 132

2 224

2 398

United Kingdom

1 857

1 967

2 045

2 229

2 212

America

1 431

1 508

1 646

2 013

2 072

Asia

..

..

..

..

..

Nights in all types of accommodation

34 424

37 298

39 624

44 169

47 002

Hotels and similar establishments

30 325

33 025

35 100

39 272

41 721

Other collective establishments

4 098

4 272

4 523

4 897

5 282

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

..

..

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

17 933

18 070

17 938

22 003

22 166

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Top destinations

Germany

3 377

3 375

3 519

3 782

3 713

France

2 606

2 617

2 550

2 802

2 873

Spain

1 856

1 969

2 177

2 696

2 630

Belgium

1 425

1 430

1 341

1 638

1 566

Italy

..

..

1 175

1 464

1 425

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION EUR

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

16 726

18 309

19 109

21 141

22 064

International travel receipts

11 089

12 493

13 492

15 167

15 986

International passenger transport receipts

5 636

5 815

5 617

5 974

6 078

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

19 448

20 002

20 363

22 319

22 203

International travel expenditure

17 385

17 862

17 984

19 454

19 334

International passenger transport expenditure

2 063

2 139

2 378

2 865

2 869

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077483

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Netherlands: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments

Number of persons employed

2018

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

..

413 000

423 000

438 000

456 000

474 000

Tourism industries

180 860

..

..

..

..

..

Accommodation services for visitors

8 660

..

..

..

..

..

Hotels and similar establishments

4 365

..

..

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving industry

47 095

..

..

..

..

..

Passenger transport

11 540

..

..

..

..

..

Air passenger transport

310

..

..

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport

30

..

..

..

..

..

Road passenger transport

10 150

..

..

..

..

..

Water passenger transport

1 050

..

..

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

4 280

..

..

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental

1 060

..

..

..

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

5 370

..

..

..

..

..

Cultural industry

80 920

..

..

..

..

..

Sports and recreation industry

21 935

..

..

..

..

..

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077502

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Netherlands: Internal tourism consumption
Million EUR

2018

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

51 873

32 490

87 451

Consumption products

..

..

..

Tourism characteristic products

..

..

..

Accommodation services for visitors

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving services

..

..

..

Passenger transport services

..

..

..

Air passenger transport services

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport services

..

..

..

Road passenger transport services

..

..

..

Water passenger transport services

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

..

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

..

..

..

Cultural services

..

..

..

Sports and recreation services

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

..

..

..

Other consumption products

..

..

..

Tourism connected products

..

..

..

Non-tourism related consumption products

..

..

..

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077521

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