List of acronyms

BEV: battery electric vehicle

CMB: Chemical Mass Balance receptor model

CTM: Chemistry Transport model

DAS: Driver assistance systems

EF: Emission factor

EFTA: European Free Trade Association

EMEP/EEA: European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme/ European Environment Agency

HDV: heavy duty vehicle

LDV: light duty vehicle

LM: Low metallic brake pad

NAO: Non-Asbesto Organics brake pad

NFR: Nomenclature for Reporting

OC: organic carbon

PAH: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PHEVs: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

PM: Atmospheric particulate matter; atmospheric particles; aerosol

PM10: atmospheric particles with aerodynamic diameter below 10 µm

PM2.5: atmospheric particles with aerodynamic diameter below 2.5 µm

PMF: Positive Matrix Factorization receptor model

RBS: Regenerative braking system

SM: Semi metallic brake pad

SMA: stone mastic asphalt

SUV: sport utility vehicles

TSP: total suspended particles

UFP: ultrafine particles

UNECE: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

WHO: World Health Organisation

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