Measuring distance to the SDG targets – Japan

Based on 120 available indicators allowing a coverage of 97 of the 169 SDG targets, Japan has currently achieved 15 of the 2030 targets, and many of the remaining distances to targets are small (Figure 2.35). For example, Japan has already achieved the targets relating to connection to public sewage treatment (target 6.3), has one of the lowest unemployment rates among OECD countries (target 8.5) and relatively low domestic material consumption intensity (targets 8.4 and 12.2). However, some challenges remain; Japan is still very far (i.e. more than 3 standardised distances away) from meeting some 6% of the targets. For instance, Japan has high environmental pressure on soils (target 2.4), a high suicide rate (target 3.4) and a small proportion of seats held by women in the parliament (target 5.5).

Figure 2.35. Japan’s distance from achieving 97 SDG targets
Figure 2.35. Japan’s distance from achieving 97 SDG targets

Note: The chart shows current level of achievement on each available target. The longer the bar, the shorter the distance still to be travelled to reach 2030 target (dotted circle). Targets are clustered by goal, and goals are clustered by the “5Ps” of the 2030 Agenda (outer circle).

Source: See www.oecd.org/sdd/OECD-Measuring-Distance-to-SDGs-Targets-Metadata.pdf for detailed metadata.

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933963519

The Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets Study is intended as an analytical tool to assist countries in identifying strengths and weaknesses across the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda, and as such differs in nature from Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) or other reporting processes. To ensure international comparability, indicators used in the Study are based on the UN Global List of Indicators on SDGs and are sourced from the UN SDG Database and OECD databases. VNRs typically use national indicators that reflect national circumstances and can be more up-to-date.

Figure 2.36, Panel A shows that Japan is on average closest to reaching goals on Water and Infrastructure (goals 6 and 9). On the other hand, Japan is furthest from the goals on Gender Equality and Reducing Inequality (goals 5 and 10). Relative to the OECD average, Japan outperforms on goals such as Health, Water, Oceans, Economy and Infrastructure (goals 3, 6, 14, 8 and 9). Conversely, Japan is relatively further away on Gender Equality, Reducing Inequality and Cities (goals 5, 10 and 11). However, considerable effort by the international statistical community will be key to fill the data gaps and allow a more accurate assessment (see Figure 2.36, Panel B). For example, if missing data were available on Gender Equality, Sustainable Production and Oceans (goals 5, 12 and 14), Japan’s performance on People and Planet could change from current assessments.

Figure 2.36. Japan’s distance from targets and data coverage, by goal
Figure 2.36. Japan’s distance from targets and data coverage, by goal

Note: Panel A shows the average distance the country needs to travel to reach each SDG. Distances are measured in standardised units (see Chapter 3 for details) with 0 indicating that the level for 2030 has already been attained: and 3 is the distance most OECD countries have already travelled. Bars show the average country performance against all targets under the relevant Goal for which data are available, and diamonds show the OECD average. Whiskers show uncertainties due to missing data, ranging from assuming that missing indicators are all 3 standardised distances from the 2030 target level to assuming that they are already at the target level. Panel B shows the share of targets covered by at least one indicator out of the 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda, according to the 17 goals and 5Ps.

Source: See www.oecd.org/sdd/OECD-Measuring-Distance-to-SDGs-Targets-Metadata.pdf for detailed metadata.

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933963538

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