How’s life in the digital age in Hungary?

Compared to other OECD countries, Hungary is highly exposed to the risks of the digital transformation, while only experiencing limited benefits from its opportunities. Hungary has a very high level of inequality of Internet uses. Despite limited use of Internet, Hungary is in the top three of OECD countries in the share of people reporting digital security incidents. While there is no data on digital skills, Hungary is the country with the highest share of people reporting lack of skills as a reason not to use e-government services. However, national data show that 29% of Hungarian people have submitted completed forms to public authorities’ websites, which is in line with the EU average. The Internet is not widely used for key economic activities such as online consumption and finding jobs online, although the share of information industries in employment is well above the OECD average. While comparatively few people use the Internet to express political opinions, many people report having been exposed to disinformation. Furthermore, children are particularly affected by online risks: the share of extreme Internet users among children is above the OECD average and Hungary ranks second in terms of children reporting cyberbullying.

Figure 4.13. The digital well-being wheel in Hungary

Note: This wheel depicts Hungary’s relative performance in terms of key opportunities and risks in the context of the digital transformation. The centre of the wheel corresponds to the lowest outcome observed across all OECD countries, while the outer circle corresponds to the highest outcome. For opportunities (in dark blue) longer bars indicate better outcomes, whereas for risks (in yellow), longer bars indicate worse outcomes. If data are missing for any given indicator, the relevant segment of the circle is shaded in white.


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