Annex C. Living conditions

Access the data for tables in Annex C: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933869203

Table A C.1. Relative poverty rates, 2016
Percentages, population aged 16 and above

 

Foreign-born

Native-born

Children in an immigrant household

Children in a native household

 

Total

EU-born

Non- EU-born

Employed

Unemployed

Out of the labour force

Total

Employed

Unemployed

Out of the labour force

Australia

22

..

..

9

44

36

20

7

42

36

..

..

Austria

31

31

31

19

51

38

11

6

31

15

39

13

Belgium

33

21

44

12

60

46

13

3

37

20

41

12

Bulgaria

15

-

16

-

-

-

23

11

50

30

-

32

Canada

27

..

..

16

41

42

18

9

27

31

32

21

Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Croatia

28

17

29

8

53

36

20

5

40

27

30

20

Cyprus1,2

30

25

36

25

49

24

15

4

30

22

45

14

Czech Republic

16

19

11

8

-

19

11

4

48

15

32

15

Denmark

22

18

25

13

-

28

13

4

37

19

30

9

Estonia

32

..

..

10

-

48

22

9

43

39

27

17

Finland

24

19

27

6

37

42

14

3

38

20

34

8

France

23

18

25

15

44

24

12

7

35

12

48

16

Germany

22

..

..

16

..

38

16

9

74

31

19

16

Greece

42

26

45

27

65

42

19

13

41

17

51

24

Hungary

16

15

-

12

-

20

15

10

44

15

-

21

Iceland

18

17

19

15

25

24

12

6

20

21

36

13

Ireland

21

19

26

7

42

36

18

5

43

29

31

18

Israel

21

..

..

..

..

..

23

..

..

..

19

34

Italy

38

35

40

30

55

41

19

9

41

21

49

24

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Latvia

31

..

..

9

51

44

22

9

42

38

13

19

Lithuania

27

-

28

10

-

37

23

9

57

36

-

27

Luxembourg

24

19

42

20

50

26

11

8

38

11

30

15

Malta

22

..

22

11

41

33

17

6

50

29

38

21

Mexico

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

30

21

33

14

56

40

12

4

28

18

48

11

New Zealand

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Norway

25

16

32

13

49

39

13

5

35

22

38

12

Poland

15

14

16

-

-

17

19

12

41

23

-

22

Portugal

20

13

21

14

45

23

19

10

39

24

32

21

Romania

-

-

-

-

..

-

23

18

48

27

-

35

Slovak Republic

13

11

-

-

..

22

12

7

46

13

-

22

Slovenia

27

..

..

18

-

26

14

5

38

19

37

11

Spain

43

41

44

31

63

49

20

10

46

20

64

24

Sweden

31

21

36

14

55

46

15

5

37

25

..

..

Switzerland

20

19

23

13

31

33

14

6

30

25

28

14

Turkey

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

United Kingdom

22

16

25

12

69

37

17

8

51

27

31

21

United States

32

..

..

23

45

47

24

14

40

39

56

37

OECD total

29

..

..

20

50

42

19

10

41

28

48

26

EU total

30

24

33

19

56

37

17

9

42

21

40

20

Source: Indicator 4.2; children: Indicator 7.15.

Table A C.2. Relative poverty rates, evolution between 2006 and 2015
Change in percentage points, population aged 16 and above

 

Foreign-born

Native-born

Children in an immigrant household

Children in a native household

 

Total

EU-born

Non-EU-born

Employed

Unemployed

Out of the labour force

Total

Employed

Unemployed

Out of the labour force

Australia

-4

..

..

..

..

..

-1

..

..

..

..

..

Austria

8

15

5

6

4

9

-1

0

-4

-1

4

-2

Belgium

2

-2

3

2

4

2

-1

0

-7

-2

2

-2

Bulgaria

-6

-

-4

-

-

-

0

4

-2

2

-

2

Canada

2

..

..

..

..

..

-1

..

..

..

-1

-2

Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Croatia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Cyprus1,2

6

8

8

6

-

-4

-2

-1

6

-10

16

2

Czech Republic

-1

4

-12

0

-

2

1

1

7

3

-21

-1

Denmark

-3

-6

0

0

-

-7

-1

0

11

-4

-11

1

Estonia

5

..

..

0

-

5

2

1

-9

4

11

-1

Finland

-1

4

-5

-5

-11

6

-2

-1

0

-6

-1

0

France

0

4

-2

1

9

-3

0

1

3

-3

10

3

Germany

0

..

..

5

..

14

1

2

24

11

-12

1

Greece

8

3

9

4

3

-1

0

0

15

-6

8

2

Hungary

3

7

-

4

-

5

2

4

6

1

-

1

Iceland

3

1

7

3

-

7

0

-1

-

0

17

-2

Ireland

-4

-3

-5

-4

-15

1

-2

-2

6

-6

0

-3

Israel

-1

..

..

..

..

..

1

..

..

..

..

..

Italy

6

5

7

6

13

0

-1

0

1

-4

3

-2

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Latvia

2

..

..

-1

-1

-2

1

-1

-4

3

-10

-1

Lithuania

7

-

8

1

-

5

2

0

12

1

-

3

Luxembourg

3

1

7

3

2

2

3

3

4

2

-5

4

Malta

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Mexico

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

New Zealand

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Norway

1

1

3

2

-

-2

-1

0

1

-2

1

2

Poland

2

5

0

-

-

4

1

0

-1

5

-

-4

Portugal

6

-5

11

8

-

1

-1

-1

8

-6

-

-3

Romania

-

-

-

-

..

-

-2

0

6

-3

..

1

Slovak Republic

0

-2

-

-

-

7

0

2

5

-3

-

5

Slovenia

8

..

..

7

13

3

1

0

2

1

13

-2

Spain

17

13

18

14

20

13

-1

-1

16

-9

17

1

Sweden

8

4

9

0

16

14

4

-1

16

8

..

..

Switzerland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Turkey

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

United Kingdom

-5

-15

-1

0

-

-9

-2

1

-5

-9

-16

-2

United States

0

..

..

-1

4

-1

0

0

1

-5

5

6

OECD total

1

..

..

0

8

4

0

0

3

-2

1

3

EU total

5

4

5

5

9

6

0

0

2

-3

1

0

Source: Indicator 4.2; Children: Indicator 7.15.

Table A C.3. Overcrowded housing rates, 2007 and 2016
Percentages, population aged 16 and above

2016

Change between 2007 and 2016 (in % points)

 

Foreign-born

Native-born

Foreign-born

Native-born

 

Total

Owners

Tenants

EU-born

Non- EU-born

Total

Owners

Tenants

Total

Owners

Tenants

EU-born

Non- EU-born

Total

Owners

Tenants

Australia

8

..

..

..

..

4

..

..

2

..

..

..

..

0

..

..

Austria

29

5

38

17

37

6

2

14

0

-4

0

5

..

0

-1

0

Belgium

6

2

10

3

9

1

0

3

-4

0

-9

-2

-7

0

0

-1

Bulgaria

47

42

-

-

55

32

29

74

5

1

-

-

14

-8

-8

-6

Canada

2

..

6

..

..

1

..

2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Croatia

29

27

49

26

30

29

27

61

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Cyprus1,2

2

0

4

2

3

1

0

1

-1

0

-4

0

-2

0

0

-4

Czech Republic

23

10

44

23

25

12

8

33

-3

-7

4

-3

-4

-8

-6

-10

Denmark

11

3

17

12

10

6

2

13

-7

-6

-11

-3

-10

2

0

3

Estonia

8

7

-

..

..

8

7

22

-32

-31

-

..

..

-24

-24

-35

Finland

11

3

17

9

12

6

2

16

4

2

8

3

5

0

0

1

France

11

4

20

5

14

4

1

10

-3

1

-5

-3

-3

-1

0

-2

Germany

13

..

..

..

..

6

..

..

5

..

..

..

..

1

..

..

Greece

37

31

41

21

40

16

15

17

-1

8

-9

-7

-1

1

2

-3

Hungary

29

32

-

31

-

30

28

57

-6

6

-

-1

-

-7

-7

-16

Iceland

16

7

30

16

16

4

3

12

6

4

0

7

5

1

1

-4

Ireland

4

-

5

3

6

1

0

6

0

0

-3

-1

2

0

0

1

Israel

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Italy

38

30

45

32

41

16

14

27

5

8

3

6

5

2

2

1

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

..

..

..

..

.

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Latvia

31

29

53

..

..

37

33

59

-15

-16

-9

..

..

-13

-14

-10

Lithuania

15

13

-

-

15

18

17

34

-28

-29

-

-

-29

-21

-20

-48

Luxembourg

9

4

17

7

15

2

1

12

-2

0

-5

-2

-6

0

0

1

Malta

2

1

4

..

..

1

1

3

1

1

2

..

..

0

0

-2

Mexico

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

8

2

13

4

9

2

1

5

4

0

7

3

4

1

0

3

New Zealand

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Norway

11

3

22

9

14

3

1

20

1

-2

-3

4

-2

0

0

1

Poland

26

21

-

20

29

31

26

63

1

4

-

-10

9

-10

-8

-1

Portugal

11

6

24

3

13

5

4

9

-6

-3

0

0

-7

-3

-1

-6

Romania

-

-

..

-

-

35

34

69

-

-

..

-

-

-8

-8

-13

Slovak Republic

36

25

-

31

-

24

22

47

5

0

-

1

-

-3

-3

-4

Slovenia

18

9

36

..

..

7

5

28

-23

-27

-37

..

..

-20

-18

-45

Spain

8

6

9

2

11

2

1

5

-2

0

-4

-7

1

0

0

-1

Sweden

23

6

34

13

28

10

4

24

8

0

11

4

9

2

1

5

Switzerland

9

0

12

7

12

2

0

4

0

-3

1

1

-1

-1

-1

-1

Turkey

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

United Kingdom

14

3

23

17

12

3

1

6

7

2

9

11

5

1

0

2

United States

21

10

35

..

..

8

4

17

-1

-1

-4

..

..

1

1

1

OECD total

17

9

28

..

..

8

6

15

-1

0

0

..

..

-1

0

1

EU total

17

9

25

14

20

11

11

15

2

1

4

2

2

-2

-1

1

Source: Indicator 4.3.

Table A C.4. Self-reported health, 2007 and 2016
Percentages, adjusted by age, population aged 16 and above

2016

Change between 2007 and 2016 (in % points)

 

Foreign-born

EU-born

Non-EU-born

Native-born

Foreign-born

Native-born

 

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Unmet dental needs

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Unmet dental needs

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Unmet dental needs

Good health status

Unmet medical needs

Unmet dental needs

Australia

83

5

..

..

..

..

..

83

6

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Austria

65

1

2

83

1

59

0

71

1

1

-3

-2

-2

-2

-1

-2

Belgium

68

5

8

72

4

65

7

74

2

5

3

4

5

-1

2

2

Bulgaria

61

-

-

-

-

63

-

66

9

-

-4

-

-

3

-16

-12

Canada

89

10

..

..

..

..

..

89

11

..

0

..

..

-1

11

..

Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Croatia

62

7

8

64

9

63

7

60

8

7

..

..

..

..

..

..

Cyprus1,2

86

2

10

87

1

83

2

77

1

7

1

-5

-1

1

-6

-6

Czech Republic

58

6

5

56

8

65

2

60

4

4

0

2

0

-1

0

0

Denmark

60

13

14

66

14

56

13

69

8

6

-1

10

7

-5

7

0

Estonia

48

25

17

..

..

..

..

58

15

9

-3

7

-4

-1

4

-2

Finland

62

10

24

68

13

59

9

67

8

12

-2

9

20

1

7

9

France

63

6

14

63

6

64

6

67

5

10

-3

1

6

-5

1

3

Germany

63

2

4

..

..

..

..

67

1

2

3

-8

-10

6

-8

-7

Greece

73

25

21

79

12

72

27

73

14

14

0

15

11

-3

7

7

Hungary

67

9

-

65

9

-

-

60

13

-

13

-1

-

13

1

6

Iceland

70

10

13

77

14

59

3

74

9

15

-14

6

4

-2

1

3

Ireland

82

4

6

81

5

86

2

82

3

4

-3

-4

-4

-1

1

1

Israel

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Italy

74

13

25

77

10

73

15

69

8

13

7

5

13

7

1

4

Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Korea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Latvia

49

12

18

..

..

..

..

51

11

16

13

-15

-8

5

-11

-5

Lithuania

44

6

16

-

-

43

7

45

5

8

-4

-4

3

-5

-5

-1

Luxembourg

69

2

4

69

3

68

2

69

1

2

-2

-1

1

-5

-2

-1

Malta

86

2

6

..

..

..

..

72

4

6

3

1

5

-1

2

4

Mexico

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Netherlands

62

6

8

66

5

61

5

75

2

3

-5

3

-3

2

0

-5

New Zealand

62

6

8

66

5

61

5

75

2

3

-5

3

-3

2

0

-5

Norway

73

5

13

82

5

62

6

75

2

6

3

1

0

0

0

-3

Poland

65

9

2

66

9

65

8

59

12

7

6

-4

-9

1

0

-5

Portugal

52

5

17

61

6

51

4

47

4

18

-8

-8

13

2

-8

13

Romania

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

71

10

-

-

-

-

2

-6

-9

Slovak Republic

57

4

0

54

5

-

-

67

6

5

4

-3

-7

13

2

0

Slovenia

57

3

6

..

..

..

..

62

1

3

8

2

6

6

1

2

Spain

71

1

21

71

2

71

1

72

2

11

2

-1

15

5

0

5

Sweden

67

13

13

69

9

67

15

73

10

6

2

-4

-4

-3

-4

-3

Switzerland

71

4

14

72

3

68

6

80

5

9

-5

1

2

-3

3

4

Turkey

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

United Kingdom

72

4

7

72

4

71

4

67

3

6

-3

0

3

-10

0

2

United States

88

5

..

..

..

..

..

88

5

..

-1

-1

..

0

-2

..

OECD total

79

6

12

..

..

..

..

76

5

8

1

-1

2

2

-1

1

EU total

68

5

13

70

5

68

7

67

6

9

2

-2

2

1

-1

0

Source: Good health: Indicator 4.5; Medical needs: Indicator 4.6.

End of the section – Back to iLibrary publication page