Overview and recent developments

There has been a long-standing increase in attention to improving the quality of legislation and regulation in Finland. The current government programme (since 2015) proposes to create enabling regulation, promote deregulation and reduce administrative burdens. Finland has also introduced a pilot stock review (one in one out) in 2016-2017 for two ministries, whereby new compliance or administrative costs for business have to be off-set by corresponding savings. An evaluation of the pilot in 2018 states it has resulted in reduced stock and costs and increased transparency, and recommend the continuation of the pilot. The areas of regulation subject to ex post evaluations have increased since 2015, albeit without consistent methodologies.

A number of stakeholder engagement platforms exist in Finland to inform the public of current draft legislations and to solicit feedback. These include launched in 2015, as well as the revamped (2017) Governments Registry for Projects and Initiatives (

Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is formally required and conducted for all primary laws and for some subordinate regulations In 2016, Finland established the Finnish Council of Regulatory Impact Analysis (FCRIA) with the mandate of improving the quality of bill drafting and, in particular, of the impact assessments of legislative proposals. The review and use of RIA in Finland could be further strengthened by the introduction of an oversight function that allows for returning proposed rules for which impact assessments are deemed inadequate. Furthermore, the results and adequate resourcing of the FCRIA will merit close assessment in its first years of functioning for maximum impact of its activities.

Institutional setup for regulatory oversight

The Finnish Council of Regulatory Impact Analysis (FCRIA) is an arms-length body created in 2015. The FCRIA reviews selected RIAs (based on significance and representativeness) before approval of the final version of the regulation and provides advice as well as a formal opinion on the quality of the RIA. The FCRIA has no sanctioning power. The Council also has the mandate review ex post assessments of other bodies and plans to carry out a first review in 2018. The Unit of Legislative Inspection in the Ministry of Justice and the Chancellor of Justice share responsibilities linked to scrutiny of the legal quality of regulation under development. Observations made during this legislative inspection are taken into account for further versions.

Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG): Finland, 2018

Notes: The more regulatory practices as advocated in the OECD Recommendation on Regulatory Policy and Governance a country has implemented, the higher its iREG score. The indicators on stakeholder engagement and RIA for primary laws only cover those initiated by the executive (100% of all primary laws in Finland).

Source: Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance Surveys 2014 and 2017,


Location of regulatory oversight functions: Finland

Regulatory oversight functions

Centre of government

Ministry of Finance, Economy or Treasury

Ministry of Justice

Other ministries

Non-departmental body


Office of the Attorney General

Supreme audit institution

Part of the judiciary

Quality control of…


Stakeholder engagement

Ex post evaluation

Identifying policy areas where regulation can be made more effective

Systematic improvement of regulatory policy

Co-ordination of regulatory policy

Guidance, advice and support

Scrutiny of legal quality

Notes: ⚫ indicates that a given regulatory oversight function is covered by at least one body in a particular location. Data present the situation as of 31 December 2017 and do not reflect changes that may have taken place in 2018.

Source: Survey questions on regulatory oversight bodies, Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance Survey 2017,

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