The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD) has produced Fragile States reports since 2005. These reports explore trends and financial resource flows in fragile and conflict-affected countries and economies. They respond to increasing concerns about the implications of fragility for stability and development, especially in the context of Agenda 2030 and the international promise to “leave no one behind”. The OECD remains one of only a handful of sources of aggregate data and analysis for fragile contexts as a group. In line with the new, multidimensional concept of fragility that began with the 2015 report, the OECD’s annual publications are now referred to as States of Fragility.

The purpose of this series is to provide compelling evidence that can inform donor policies and underpin international debates. By doing so, the reports seek to ensure that issues driving fragility remain high on the international development agenda, while supporting better policy to drive better results where they count most: on the ground.

Concretely, the series aims to enable policymakers to: i) monitor levels and composition of resource flows to fragile contexts; ii) understand qualitative trends related to these flows; and iii) gain an outlook on key issues and countries of concern over the coming years. In line with the aims of the series, this report showcases 12 key trends affecting the fragility landscape, presents the 2018 multidimensional fragility framework and looks at financial flows in support of fragile contexts.

With regard to the data used in the current volume, this report draws on 2016 official development assistance data, the latest available at the time of writing. All amounts referring to 2016 are denoted in current 2016 USD, unless specified otherwise. For time series, constant 2015 USD prices are used. Figures reflect OECD statistics unless indicated otherwise.

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