List of acronyms, abbreviations and units of measure

AGI

Artificial general intelligence

AI

Artificial intelligence

ANI

Artificial narrow intelligence

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APNIC

Asia Pacific Network Information Center

ARCEP

Autorité de régulation des communications électroniques et des postes

ASI

Artificial super intelligence

ATP

Agriculture technology provider

B2B

Business to business

B2C

Business to consumer

BDA

Big data analytics

BERD

Business expenditure on research and development

BEREC

Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications

BRIICS

Brazil, Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa

CAIP

Canada Accelerator and Incubator Program

CBPR

Cross-border Privacy Rules

CIGI

Centre for International Governance Innovation

CIS

Communication and information search

CISO

Chief information security officer

CNIL

Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (France)

CNMC

Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (Spain)

CRC

Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (Colombia)

CRM

Customer relationship management

CRTC

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission

CSIRT

Computer Security Incident Response Team

CSN

Consumer Sentinel Network (United States)

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DDI

Data-driven innovation

DDoS

Distributed denial of service

DEO

OECD Digital Economy Outlook

DESI

Digital Economy and Society Index (European Union)

DoS

Denial of service

DSL

Digital subscriber line

EDI

Electronic data interchange

EEA

European Economic Area

EHR

Electronic health record

EPO

European Patent Office

ERP

Enterprise resource planning

EU

European Union

EUIPO

European Union Intellectual Property Office

FCC

Federal Communications Commission (United States)

FIRST

Forum of Incident Response and Security Team

FTA

Free-trade agreement

FTC

Federal Trade Commission (United States)

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GB

Gigabyte

GBP

British pound

Gbps

Gigabits per second

GDP

Gross domestic product

GDPR

General Data Protection Regulation (European Union)

GM

General Motors

GPS

Global Positioning System

IAPP

International Association of Privacy Professionals

ICPEN

International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network

ICT

Information and communication technology

IMR

International mobile roaming

IoT

Internet of Things

IP

Internet protocol

IP5

Five Intellectual Property [offices]

IPv6

Internet Protocol version 6

ISP

Internet service provider

IT

Information technology

JPO

Japan Patent Office

kb

Kilobit

kB

Kilobyte

KBC

Knowledge-based capital

kbps

Kilobits per second

KIPO

Korean Intellectual Property Office

km

Kilometre

KRW

Korean wong

LAN

Local area network

LINX

London Internet Exchange

LPWA

Low-power, wide-area

LTE

Long-term Evolution

LTE-M

Long-term Evolution for Machines

M&A

Merger and acquisition

M2M

Machine to machine

MB

Megabyte

Mbps

Megabits per second

MHz

Megahertz

MNO

Mobile network operator

MOU

Memorandum of understanding

MVNO

Mobile virtual network operator

NAICS

North American Industry Classification System

NCSA

National Cyber Security Alliance (United States)

NDS

National digital strategy

NIS

New Israeli shequel

OAIC

Office of the Australian Information Commissioner

OBD

On-Board diagnostics

OGD

Open government data

OPS

Office productivity software

OTT

Over the top

P2P

Peer to peer

PB

Petabyte

PET

Privacy-enhancing technology

PGP

Pretty Good Privacy

PIAAC

Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies

PPP

Public-private partnership

PSI

Public sector information

PSTRE

Problem solving in technology-rich environments

R&D

Research and development

RCD

Registered Community Designs (European Union)

RFID

Radio frequency identification

RLAH

Roam like at home

SCM

Supply-chain management

SIPO

State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China

SME

Small and medium-sized enterprise

SSL

Secure socket layer

STEM

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics

STRI

Services Trade Restrictiveness Index

TiVA

Trade in value-added

Tor

The Onion Router

TSM

Telecoms Single Market

USD

United States dollar

USPTO

United States Patent and Trademark Office

USTR

United States Trade Representative

VAT

Value-added tax

VC

Venture capital

VoD

Video on demand

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol

VoLTE

Voice over Long-term Evolution

WTO

World Trade Organization