copy the linklink copied!Poland

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

In 2018, the total value of the tourism economy in Poland was estimated at PLN 124.6 billion - a rise of 6.8% over 2017. This equates to an estimated contribution of 6.0% to Poland’s GDP (direct and indirect impact). In 2018, 195 675 people were employed in the accommodation and catering sector, an increase of 1.0% compared to 2017. Travel exports represented 20.3% of total service exports in 2018.

International arrivals increased by 2.6% to 85.9 million visits although this figure includes a substantial number of day visitors. There were 19.6 million international tourist arrivals, showing an increase of 7.5% over 2017, and setting a new record for Poland. Germany remains the largest source market, accounting for 34.2% of international tourist arrivals. This is followed by Ukraine (10.4%), and then the United Kingdom and Lithuania (both respectively accounting for 4.7% of inbound tourists). Compared to 2017, international tourism receipts increased by 2.9% to reach PLN 61.1 billion in 2018, accounting for 5.2% of total export earnings.

The number of domestic tourists totalled 47.7 million in 2018, an increase of 3.9% compared to 2017. The majority of domestic trips (60.6%) were short visits of between two and four days. Compared to 2017, revenues from domestic tourism increased by 14.5%, reaching PLN 27.7 billion in 2018.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

Since November 2019, tourism is within the scope of the Minister of Economic Development. The Ministry is responsible for all tourism-related matters, including the management and regulation of tourism. Legislation within the competence of the Ministry in the field of tourism administration includes the 2017 Act on package travel, the 2010 regulation relating to hotel classification, the 2004 regulation relating to hotel and other accommodation facilities, the 1999 Act establishing the Polish Tourism Organisation and its implementing regulations, and the 1997 Act on accommodation services and services of tour leaders and tourist guides.

The Ministry also supervises the Polish Tourism Organisation which is responsible for the marketing and promotion of Poland as a tourist destination, carrying out statistical and marketing analyses, and ensuring the development and operation of the Polish tourist information system. The organisation has 14 international offices located in established and emerging source markets and co-operates with regional and local tourist organisations as well as others involved in the promotion and development of tourism at the regional level.

At sub-national level, the primary role in tourism development is played by regional governments as well as local governments, at county and municipal level. Local or regional level tasks fall into two groups: the public sector tasks not allocated to other bodies under relevant legislation; and tasks commissioned by the National Government.

Regional Tourism Organisations (RTOs) are organisations within which co-operation is conducted between the local government (particularly at the voivoship, i.e. province level) and the tourism industry particularly in the field of consumer marketing and promotion of the geographic area covered by the organisation’s activities, both in the country and abroad. An RTO has the legal status of an association. As well as promotion, its roles typically include supporting the operation and development of tourist information systems, initiating, assessing and supporting tourism infrastructure development and modernisation plans, and co-operation with the Polish Tourism Organisation.

At the local level, there are about 120 local tourism organisations. Commissioned tasks include the classification of local hotel facilities, the supervision and registration of companies and entrepreneurs operating as travel agents or tour operators as well as the registration of other specific trades, such as mountain guides.

In 2018, the tourism budget amounted to PLN 60.9 million, including the budget for the Polish Tourism Organisation of PLN 49.5 million. In addition, in the years 2014-2020, specific tourism sector projects were supported by EU structural funds. The budget has increased year on year and has seen an overall increase of 26.9% since 2014. According to the draft 2020 budget, the allocation for Tourism is PLN 61 million together with PLN 181 000 from EU project funding.

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Poland: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Poland: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted from the Ministry of Economic Development, 2020.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

The main objective of Poland’s national tourism policy is to strengthen the development of a competitive and innovative tourism sector by supporting organisations and initiatives in the tourism sector, while respecting the principles of sustainable development. The approach focuses on a competitive and innovative tourism, modern tourism management systems, and training in occupations related to the tourism industry.

Operational goals are defined in the Programme for Tourism Development until 2020. In 2018, the Ministry of Sport and Tourism initiated the Polish Tourist Brands project. The main objective is to identify, build and bring to market leading offers from outstanding Polish tourism brands. The approach aims to encourage more proactive marketing and management of tourist destinations. It also helps to increase the effectiveness of marketing messages and raises the profile of diverse regional tourism destinations, encouraging visitors to explore wider and extend their stay. The ultimate aim of the project is the development of coherent tourism regions and unified tourism routes with individually strong brands, each of which provides a specific marketing umbrella for tourism operators from any given area. Thanks to the implementation of the Polish Tourist Brand project the Polish Tourism Organisation now has a suite of new products to highlight a wide range of Polish tourist regions, attractive to different types of visitors.

An important project initiated by the Ministry of Sport and Tourism is the Poland See More domestic tourism campaign. Currently delivered by the Polish Tourism Organisation in co-operation with the Ministry, the campaign presents a nationwide offer and encourages residents to take advantage of attractions and tourist services throughout the country, particularly in the shoulder seasons. In 2018, nearly 300 000 destinations benefited from the spring and autumn campaigns. Participants can benefit from discounts of at least 50% from a variety of the offers registered at the campaign’s website, and this has stimulated incremental domestic tourism growth of wide benefit to the tourism industry.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Poland: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

..

..

..

..

95 973

Overnight visitors (tourists)

38 387

39 870

43 600

45 952

47 736

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

48 237

Nights in all types of accommodation

177 667

186 759

203 038

214 207

224 767

Hotels and similar establishments

30 694

35 429

42 149

44 595

47 324

Other collective establishments

52 854

56 366

63 750

66 841

71 902

Private accommodation

94 118

94 963

97 140

102 772

105 541

Inbound tourism

Total international arrivals

73 750

77 743

80 476

83 804

85 947

Overnight visitors (tourists)

16 000

16 728

17 471

18 258

19 623

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

57 750

61 015

63 005

65 546

66 324

Top markets

Germany

5 743

6 012

6 288

6 504

6 704

Ukraine

1 072

1 198

1 265

1 360

2 038

Russian Federation

1 003

873

801

875

919

United Kingdom

664

753

797

851

919

Belarus

811

801

715

763

793

Nights in all types of accommodation

99 107

92 843

108 401

113 202

122 065

Hotels and similar establishments

28 439

24 495

36 904

41 390

47 195

Other collective establishments

13 653

11 050

9 388

8 569

13 781

Private accommodation

57 016

57 298

62 109

63 243

61 089

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

35 353

44 017

44 494

46 681

48 615

Overnight visitors (tourists)

10 243

10 906

11 287

11 958

12 747

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

25 110

33 110

33 208

34 723

35 868

Top destinations

Germany

2 061

2 199

2 310

2 357

2 438

Italy

827

879

936

1 000

1 055

United Kingdom

872

856

915

971

1 031

Czech Republic

495

585

655

725

762

Greece

..

..

..

..

752

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION PLN

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

40 685

42 770

47 444

52 908

56 969

International travel receipts

37 298

39 454

43 218

47 974

50 807

International passenger transport receipts

3 387

3 316

4 226

4 934

6 162

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

30 056

32 117

33 900

35 864

38 411

International travel expenditure

27 934

29 913

31 412

33 264

35 200

International passenger transport expenditure

2 122

2 204

2 488

2 600

3 211

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077654

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Poland: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments

Number of persons employed1

2018

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

..

..

..

..

..

..

Tourism industries

23 208

..

..

..

..

..

Accommodation services for visitors

11 076

171 138

172 043

180 707

193 663

195 675

Hotels and similar establishments

4 179

..

..

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving industry

7 953

..

..

..

..

..

Passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Air passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Road passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Water passenger transport

..

..

..

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental

..

..

..

..

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

4 449

..

..

..

..

..

Cultural industry

..

..

..

..

..

..

Sports and recreation industry

..

..

..

..

..

..

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available

1. Data refer to number of employees.

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077673

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Poland: Internal tourism consumption
Million PLN

2015

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

..

..

..

Consumption products

21 420

36 750

65 099

Tourism characteristic products

15 411

12 854

31 500

Accommodation services for visitors

4 853

3 320

10 244

Food and beverage serving services

4 874

4 328

9 202

Passenger transport services

3 066

2 825

6 599

Air passenger transport services

2 058

1 897

4 121

Railways passenger transport services

219

113

697

Road passenger transport services

783

724

1 685

Water passenger transport services

6

91

97

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

167

0

547

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

2 031

458

2 566

Cultural services

419

1 923

2 342

Sports and recreation services

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

..

..

..

Other consumption products

6 009

23 896

33 600

Tourism connected products

..

..

..

Non-tourism related consumption products

..

..

..

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077692

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