copy the linklink copied!Slovenia

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

In 2017, the GDP related to tourism amounted to EUR 2.3 billion, or 5.3% of total GDP. Considering the direct and indirect impacts, tourism contribution to the GDP is estimated to be EUR 3.6 billion, that is approximately 8.4% of total GDP. In 2018, tourism exports amounted to EUR 2.7 billion, creating a tourism balance of payments surplus of EUR 1.7 billion. In 2018, tourism industries employed 68 150 people and directly accounted for 7.7% of total employment in the country. Travel exports accounted for 34.0% of total service exports in 2018.

Inbound tourists amounted to 4.4 million in 2018, up 10.9% from the previous year. Overnight stays for international tourists in all accommodation categories totalled 11.2 million in 2018, an increase of 15.4% over 2017. Core markets included Italy (13.5% of all inbound overnight visitors), Germany (11.4%), Austria (8.6%), Croatia (4.9%), the Netherlands (4.2%), the United Kingdom (3.7%), and Serbia (3.1%). The Netherlands and Germany, experienced year on year growth of 22.7% and 15.9% respectively. In 2018, domestic trips totalled 10.9 million, of which 2 million (18.3%) were overnight stays, and 8.9 million (81.7%) same-day visits. The total number of overnights in all accommodation was 5.4 million, an increase of 11.1% from 2017.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

The Ministry of Economic Development and Technology is responsible for implementing national tourism policy. Marketing is the responsibility of the Slovenian Tourism Board, a public agency that is also responsible for tourism information, market data, coordinating product development, engaging stakeholders and undertaking market research. At the national level, the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia is charged with collecting, analysing and disseminating tourism data while the Slovene Enterprise Fund encourages tourism SMEs investment via soft loans and grants. Tourism industry organisations include: i) the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia – with the related Chamber of Tourism and Hospitality representing the interests of tourism entrepreneurs via optional membership, ii) the Chamber of Crafts and Small Business of Slovenia – representing the interests of tourism and catering entrepreneurs and craftsmen, iii) the Trade Union of Tourism and Catering workers, and iv) the Tourism Association of Slovenia – incorporating 655 local association members.

The strategic planning of tourism reflects a close partnership between the public and private sectors, as well as tourism NGOs. The Ministry co-operates and regularly consults with the industry organisations representing the accommodation and hospitality industry, travel trade, wellness tourism, MICE, etc. In terms of different sectoral policies and legislation co-ordination with an impact on tourism, a wide cross-governmental co-operation exists. Particular emphasis is currently placed on working with four ministries: Culture; Agriculture, Forestry and Food; Infrastructure; Spatial planning and Environment, Education and Sport.

The twelve Regional Development Organisations accountable to the Regional Councils undertake overall development at regional level including the tourism development programmes. The Government has additionally established and funded twelve Regional Destination Organisations to support tourism development, promotion and marketing at the regional level. Regional tourism development priorities are governed by national legislation and reflect basic goals of the National Tourism Strategy but with specific regional development goals. At local level, each mayor and Community Council is responsible for tourism development. A locally collected accommodation tax provides EUR 17.5 million per year, and it is dedicated to local tourism development and marketing. This is the principal source of funding for local tourism development typically providing investment for information centres, walking and cycling trails and local marketing activities.

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Slovenia: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Slovenia: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted by the Ministry of Economic Development and Technology, 2020.

In 2018, the central tourism budget was EUR 13.5 million, with EUR 12.9 million of this being allocated to the Slovenian Tourism Board. The Promotion of Tourism Development law provides a further source of funding consisting of both the tourist tax and an additional promotional tax providing some EUR 4.5 million annually. Another source of revenue for tourism development budget comes from the State’s gambling concessions, which is allocated to pre-defined areas of Slovenia and amounts to approximately EUR 18 million per year.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

In 2017, the Government of the Republic of Slovenia adopted a new Strategy for the sustainable growth of Slovene tourism 2017-21, with the strategic vision for Slovenia to be recognised as a global, green, boutique, five stars destination for demanding visitors. The strategic goal of Slovene tourism is to increase revenues from international visitors to EUR 3.7 billion by 2021 from the current EUR 2.7 billion. Supplementary targets include an additional 5- 5.5 million visits, 16-18 million overnight stays, and 18 000 to 22 000 new rooms. Six key policies are identified:

  • Developing a new organisational structure for Slovene tourism - which has divided the country into four macro-destinations (Mediterranean Slovenia, Alpine Slovenia, Thermal Pannonian Slovenia and Central Slovenia with Ljubljana) and 35 lead destinations. To support sustainable tourism development and management of destinations, the Master Plans for the four main destinations are in development. Master Plans will focus on tourism education and training, stimulating green and innovative tourism products of SMEs and high quality services development, enhancing digital promotion of the 35 lead destinations, and marketing clusters of similar destinations and geographically linked exceptional tourist experiences. The objective of the clusters is to strengthen the identity of particular destination and to achieve synergies both in development of the most representative destination products and services along with the more focused marketing communications and destination promotion.

  • Streamlining institutional and legal frameworks to create a better environment for business to flourish. This will include a more effective distribution of the tourist tax at local level; expanding the definition of accommodation to include new forms and accommodation quality standards, such as glamping facilities; new regulations for mountain biking and hiking trails; training for outdoor sports; and improvements to safety and security legislation.

  • Investing in new and existing accommodation and related tourism infrastructure to increase competitiveness and raise quality.

  • Investing in training and education, including updating vocational education standards; developing upper- level courses; promoting tourism as a business and entrepreneurial potential for changing the image of employment opportunities in the sector; establishing a national centre for on-the-job education and training; assisting small and specialised hotels for improving their employees skills and trainings.

  • Strengthening land use planning to enable better inclusion of cultural and natural resources and appropriate tourism infrastructure construction planning.

  • Supporting small tourism businesses to encourage entrepreneurship and enhance the quality of the tourism offer. Support to small businesses is focused on digital transformation; transition to a low carbon economy; and assistance with grant procurement to improve product quality and services. Some EUR 13.4 million of small grants has been allocated to SMEs over the last two years. To support investment in sustainable tourism and increase the competitiveness of tourism SMEs, a special Incentive credit scheme at the SID Bank of Slovenia, a public development and export Bank, amounting to EUR 160 million, has been established.

Slovenia has introduced a national Strategy for Smart Specialization, which is the base for the creation of Strategic Innovation Development Partnerships, including the one for tourism. The Strategic Partnership for Tourism allows for the wide participation of interested stakeholders from commerce, the research and development sector, civil society and the public sector to co-operate in providing smart and digital solutions for more accessible and competitive Slovene tourism. Key areas of project co-operation include development of new digital channels to attract consumers, digitalising a wide range of tourism products and new ICT solutions to maximise the efficiencies of tourism businesses on the market. Aligned to the Digital Slovenia 2020 Strategy, the new digital solutions are envisage to support the sustainable use of natural and cultural resources for tourism and to upgrade the Green Scheme of Slovene tourism.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Slovenia: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

..

10 016

..

..

10 917

Overnight visitors (tourists)

1 888

1 535

1 720

1 813

2 003

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

8 481

..

..

8 914

Nights in all types of accommodation

4 883

4 515

5 024

4 871

5 412

Hotels and similar establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Other collective establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Inbound tourism

Total international arrivals

..

..

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

2 675

3 022

3 397

3 991

4 425

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

..

..

..

..

..

Top markets

Italy

480

527

573

608

599

Germany

277

314

342

437

506

Austria

285

304

336

373

382

Croatia

134

152

171

195

219

Netherlands

87

95

108

151

185

Nights in all types of accommodation

6 833

7 482

8 340

9 685

11 176

Hotels and similar establishments

6 041

6 610

7 410

8 452

9 826

Other collective establishments

792

871

930

1 233

1 350

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

4 672

4 909

5 408

5 410

5 409

Overnight visitors (tourists)

2 642

2 867

2 853

3 013

3 188

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

2 030

2 042

2 555

2 397

2 221

Top destinations

Croatia

1 494

1 614

1 660

1 680

1 732

Italy

157

217

152

208

236

Austria

162

189

149

171

204

Germany

117

109

103

168

191

Bosnia and Herzegovina

129

132

117 e

142

142

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION EUR

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

2 298

2 338

2 451

2 688

2 870

International travel receipts

2 140

2 162

2 271

2 523

2 704

International passenger transport receipts

158

176

181

164

166

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

1 238

1 235

1 337

1 443

1 492

International travel expenditure

1 119

1 109

1 176

1 322

1 390

International passenger transport expenditure

119

126

161

120

103

.. Not available; e Estimated value

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077825

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Slovenia: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments1

Number of persons employed

2018

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

..

..

..

..

..

..

Tourism industries

28 092

57 084

58 437

63 661

65 848

68 150

Accommodation services for visitors

7 399

13 457

13 561

16 248

16 987

17 570

Hotels and similar establishments

3 740

8 775

8 956

9 212

9 818

10 235

Food and beverage serving industry

7 643

21 651

22 368

23 995

24 495

25 322

Passenger transport

1 214

5 025

5 056

5 222

5 438

5 826

Air passenger transport

110

539

561

547

610

736

Railways passenger transport

1

.. c

.. c

.. c

.. c

.. c

Road passenger transport

1 028

3 798

3 849

4 003

4 133

4 430

Water passenger transport

75

.. c

.. c

.. c

.. c

.. c

Passenger transport supporting services

427

2 889

2 895

2 959

3 097

3 126

Transport equipment rental

269

303

332

322

435

469

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

1 035

1 809

1 858

1 944

2 060

2 257

Cultural industry

6 128

7 307

7 526

7 803

8 073

8 197

Sports and recreation industry

3 977

4 643

4 841

5 168

5 263

5 383

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

Other industries

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Not available; c Confidential data

1. Data refer to number of enterprises.

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077844

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Slovenia: Internal tourism consumption
Million EUR

2017

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

..

..

..

Consumption products

1 241

2 947

4 269

Tourism characteristic products

869

1 444

2 394

Accommodation services for visitors

151

548

746

Food and beverage serving services

214

394

608

Passenger transport services

284

191

474

Air passenger transport services

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport services

..

..

..

Road passenger transport services

..

..

..

Water passenger transport services

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

..

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

60

46

106

Cultural services

63

22

118

Sports and recreation services

98

244

342

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

..

..

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

..

..

..

Other consumption products

372

1 502

1 875

Tourism connected products

..

..

..

Non-tourism related consumption products

..

..

..

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934077863

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