Annex B. Demographic characteristics of the sample

The following section describes the survey sample and its demographic characteristics.

The gender distribution is roughly equal between respondents who identify as female (50.7%) and male (49.3%) among the sample population, i.e. the part of the population that took part in the household survey.

The survey is representative of the age distribution among the population living in Kyrgyzstan aged between 18-64 (Figure A B.1).

They break down as follows: almost 30% of respondents are between 26-35 years-old and then roughly equally distributed among age groups from 21-25 years-old, 36-45 years-old and 46-55 years-old. The smallest segments are respondents aged 56-64 and 18-20, both making up roughly 10% of respondents.

Most respondents have up to five members in their household (Figure A B.1).

Most (around 70% of respondents) are married with children (Figure A B.3). In addition, around 4% are married without children, around 7% are single parents and around 19% are single and do not have children.

Most people have attained education levels up to secondary education and a fifth of respondents have gone through higher education (Figure A B.4).

Figure A B.5 shows the distribution of monthly income levels among respondents. In all, around 36% responded that they earned between KGS 10 000-20 000 per month. Around 30% earn less than KGS 10 000. Only a small percentage of respondents (around 4%) earn less than KGS 4 000. Around 16% of respondents earn more than KGS 20 000 per month. On average, respondents dispose of a monthly income amounting to around KGS 16 000 (depending on which value sets the category of “more than 20 001”). Median income for respondents lies at KGS 16 500. The income of respondents is therefore roughly comparable to the average monthly income per capita in Kyrgyzstan (KGS 16 427 in 2018) (National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic, n.d.[2]). Nevertheless, the different income brackets should not be interpreted as being representative of the national population.

As shown in Figure A B.6, over half respondents are not employed. Of those who are unemployed as shown in Figure A B.7, most are homemakers or on parental leave (32%), almost 23% are looking for employment and around 16% are not looking for employment. Around 15% of respondents are retired and around 10% are students.

Of the around 45% of people who are employed, more than 70% work in the private sector, around 30% in the public sector and around 1% work for non-governmental organisations (Figure A B.8).

More specifically, of the around 45% of people who are employed Of the around 45% of people who are employed, more than 70% work in the private sector, around 30% in the public sector and around 1% work for non-governmental organisations (Figure A B.8).

Figure A B.9 shows that almost a quarter of respondents work in the services and/or trade sector, followed by specialists in a particular type of work (19%) and farmers (around 17%).

Figure A B.10 presents additional categories of the specific types of sectors or occupations of respondents.

The survey covers the regions of Kyrgyzstan. The regional distribution of the sample population is representative of where people live (Figure A B.12). This includes both the distribution across oblasts and across rural and urban areas. The sample is representative of the distribution of the population in rural and urban areas. The country is divided into seven regions or oblasts and Bishkek and Osh form two independent cities. According to estimates from 2015, the oblasts Osh and Jalal-Abad together with the capital Bishkek are the most populated oblasts (EIU Country Analysis, 2019[3]). Accordingly, most respondents are based in these regions (Figure A B.12). At the same time, more than 60% of respondents live in rural areas, as shown in Figure A B.11.

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