copy the linklink copied!Peru

copy the linklink copied!Tourism in the economy

The tourism sector contributes 3.9% of Peru’s GDP, and generates 1.4 million jobs (direct and indirect), representing 7.9% of the economically active population. Foreign currency revenue from tourism in 2018 totalled PEN 16.4 billion, an increase of 7% from 2017 and making tourism the third largest foreign currency generator in Peru.

In 2018, international tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) to Peru reached 4.4 million, a growth of 9.6% compared to 2017. The main international source market for Peru is Chile, representing 26.2% market share, with a 5.3% growth in the number of arrivals in 2018 compared with the previous year. The United States is the second largest market, with a 14.5% share and an increase of 7.1% from 2017. Ecuador, Argentina and Colombia combined make up a further 16.5% of the inbound market. On average, international tourists spend 10 nights in Peru.

In 2018, the total number of trips made by residents in the country was 45.5 million. In the domestic tourism market, Lima, Ica and Piura were the top three cities visited by residents in 2018, with shares of 27%, 12% and 8% respectively. Most domestic tourists (74%) visited destinations outside their region with average trip spending of PEN 484 per person on a four-night trip.

copy the linklink copied!Tourism governance and funding

The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism is the lead political and administrative authority for the tourism sector, its role being to define, direct, execute, co-ordinate and supervise the country's foreign trade and tourism policy in harmony with the general policy of the Peruvian State.

The Vice Ministry for Tourism sits under the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, and oversees the General Directorate of Tourism Development Policy, which is responsible for implementing, evaluating and supervising compliance within tourism sector policy. The Directorate also formulates, co-ordinates and implements actions aimed at improving the quality of tourism services, environmental management, tourism facilitation, tourist protection, and tourism culture promotion. The Vice Ministry for Tourism also oversees General Directorates of: Research and Studies on Tourism and Handicrafts; Tourism Strategy; Crafts; and Casino Games and Slot Machines.

In addition, The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism has two Specialised Advisory Bodies, comprised of between 6 and 12 members: the Tourism Advisory Committee and the National Council for Handicraft Development. Two further bodies attached to the Ministry are the Tourism Training Centre, and the Exports and Tourism Promotion Board of Peru. As of 2019, Peru’s Commercial Offices Abroad are operated under the Tourism Promotion Board, and no longer directly under the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism.

The General Government is responsible for the design and monitoring of national and sectoral policies (as is the case for all States of all levels in Peru). The Government establishes co-ordination mechanisms with regional governments, local government and other entities as required and appropriate to the nature of each policy. Compliance with national and sectoral policies of the State is the responsibility of the authorities of the national, regional and local governments.

In terms of tourism, Regional Governments are responsible for: formulation, approval and execution of policies relating to the development of regional tourist activity; qualification of regional tourist service providers; co-ordination with local governments on tourism activities, and; maintaining and updating directories of tourism service providers, tourism resources, and regional events calendars.

The 2019 budget for tourism was PEN 600 million, of which 66% was allocated to the National Government, 17% to the Regional Government, and 17% to the Local Government. At the national level, the tourism sector has three entities: the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, responsible for managing the implementation of policies on tourism; the Tourism Promotion Board; and the Tourism Training Centre. Their budgets for 2019 are PEN 232 million, PEN 78.6 million and PEN 6.1 million, respectively. The Ministry also oversees an entity specialising in the implementation of investment projects in the tourism sector, the Special Commission to Co-ordinate and Supervise the Cultural Tourism Plan Peru - UNESCO (or, the COPESCO Plan), which receives a budget of PEN 13.1 million, representing 16% of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism’s total budget.

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Peru: Organisational chart of tourism bodies
Peru: Organisational chart of tourism bodies

Source: OECD, adapted from the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, 2020

copy the linklink copied!Tourism policies and programmes

Current policy issues are tourist safety and the formalisation of tourist service providers. Other challenges for tourism in Peru include the rise of the middle class in many emerging markets and changing attitudes of people towards travel, as well as efficiency of travel and international mobility. Priority areas include the development and advancement of tourist infrastructure, travel facilitation and the safety of tourists.

The main framework for tourism development is the National Strategic Plan of Tourism of Peru to 2025, which has four pillars, including 19 components and 75 lines of action. The pillars are:

  • Creation of a competitive and sustainable tourism offer, including tourism intelligence, development of strategies differentiated by market, development of new markets and specialised segments,

  • Diversification of the tourist market, including development of competitive destinations and specialised tourism products, sustainable investment, human capital development, and improvement of the quality of tourist services and products,

  • Tourism facilitation, including the optimisation of migration management, internal displacement and international relations, development of connectivity, and a uniform and reliable system of tourist information nationwide,

  • Sector strengthening via vocational training, including the promotion of a tourism culture, strengthening management relating to tourism security and improving public-private linkages in tourism, as well as consolidating destination management.

The National Strategic Plan is the result of nine work sessions in which technical proposals for the vision, destination development models, strategic pillars, components and lines of action were validated. The Plan is the result of participatory work between the public and private sectors, including representatives of the national associations, and the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism. Its implementation is linked to the formulation of Regional Tourism Plans and contain destination-specific actions.

Additional programmes include Turismo Emprende, which promotes the creation, development and consolidation of tourism enterprises, providing financing for programmes that relate to natural protected areas, cultural heritage or economic development. Al Turista, Lo Nuestro, promotes the direct incorporation of local products (agricultural, livestock, fishery, handicrafts, etc.) in the provision of tourism services.

The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism has a new strategy to promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, which is included in its Institutional Operational Plan 2019. The strategy has a budget of PEN 93 000 for technical assistance to improve artisan workshops located on tourist routes with high visitor flows. It is initially being implemented in three regions: Lambayeque, Ayacucho and Amazonas.

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Mainstreaming safety in the Tourism Strategy in Peru

The most recent programme launched by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (July 2019) is the Safe Tourism strategy, which promotes business formalisation and seeks to guarantee safe travel and experiences for tourists visiting Peru. Adopting a collaborative approach between all sectors of government, the strategy aims to formalise arrangements and improve security in the tourism sector, improve competitiveness in the provision of tourism services, and strengthen the management by regional and local government. In addition, it will include the promotion of formal tourist services and reduce the number of informal companies in operation. The aims of the programme are to ensure more satisfactory travel experiences for visitors, meet the minimum standards necessary to provide a quality service, and improve prevention, control, action and response to security problems that exist in the tourism sector.

The strategy is the result of a collaboration between several ministries, including the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism; Ministry of Culture; Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion; Ministry of Transportation and Communications; Ministry of the Interior; Ministry of Defence; Ministry of Production; Ministry of Health; and the Public Ministry. Several private sector associations are also participating, representing restaurants, accommodation, tourist guides, and travel and tourism agencies.

copy the linklink copied!Statistical Profile

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Peru: Domestic, inbound and outbound tourism

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOURISM FLOWS, THOUSAND

Domestic tourism

Total domestic trips

104 950

108 100

..

..

..

Overnight visitors (tourists)

38 000

39 800

41 600

43 500

45 500

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

66 950

68 300

..

..

..

Nights in all types of accommodation

228 000

238 800

249 600

261 000

273 000

Hotels and similar establishments

50 751

51 808

54 706

55 812

59 490

Other collective establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Inbound tourism1

Total international arrivals

4 062

4 381

4 718

4 993

5 385

Overnight visitors (tourists)

3 215

3 456

3 744

4 032

4 419

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

847

925

974

960

965

Top markets

Chile

904

985

1 056

1 101

1 159

United States

514

545

586

599

641

Ecuador

224

256

318

289

293

Colombia

152

165

190

201

219

Argentina

156

171

175

205

216

Nights in all types of accommodation

32 149

31 101

37 445

40 323

44 194

Hotels and similar establishments

13 483

13 513

14 842

14 676

14 302

Other collective establishments

..

..

..

..

..

Private accommodation

..

..

..

..

..

Outbound tourism

Total international departures

2 733

2 914

3 094

3 227

3 435

Overnight visitors (tourists)

2 442

2 595

2 751

2 875

3 078

Same-day visitors (excursionists)

292

319

343

352

357

Top destinations

Chile

1 091

1 181

1 288

1 359

1 373

United States

259

289

305

292

294

Bolivia

315

290

270

251

284

Spain

74

80

109

143

160

Ecuador

161

154

136

132

142

TOURISM RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE, MILLION USD

Inbound tourism

Total international receipts

3 908

4 140

4 303

4 573

3 947

International travel receipts

3 077

3 309

3 501

3 710

3 947 e

International passenger transport receipts

830

831

802

863

..

Outbound tourism

Total international expenditure

2 119

2 527

2 687

2 916

2 669

International travel expenditure

1 590

1 867

2 029

2 214

2 669 e

International passenger transport expenditure

529

660

658

702

..

.. Not available; e Estimated value

1. Arrivals from demand side surveys; Nights from supply side surveys.

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078737

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Peru: Enterprises and employment in tourism

Number of establishments

Number of persons employed

2018

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total

..

530 241

630 327

..

..

..

Tourism industries

..

486 935

561 671

..

..

..

Accommodation services for visitors

..

..

..

..

..

..

Hotels and similar establishments

23 997

57 636

68 892

..

..

..

Food and beverage serving industry

218 100

190 119

230 588

..

..

..

Passenger transport

..

108 086

138 479

..

..

..

Air passenger transport

..

4 703

6 539

..

..

..

Railways passenger transport

..

474

957

..

..

..

Road passenger transport

..

102 449

130 303

..

..

..

Water passenger transport

..

460

680

..

..

..

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental

..

535

591

..

..

..

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

12 202

30 835

26 564

..

..

..

Cultural industry

..

26 253

20 726

..

..

..

Sports and recreation industry

..

20 773

14 741

..

..

..

Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods

..

9 141

9 925

..

..

..

Other country-specific tourism industries

..

43 557

51 165

..

..

..

Other industries

..

43 306

68 656

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078756

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Peru: Internal tourism consumption
Million PEN

2015

Domestic tourism expenditure

Inbound tourism expenditure

Internal tourism consumption

Total

..

..

..

Consumption products

26 925

13 178

43 204

Tourism characteristic products

23 380

12 553

37 093

Accommodation services for visitors

2 390

2 870

6 199

Food and beverage serving services

7 108

2 189

9 297

Passenger transport services

9 648

4 520

14 168

Air passenger transport services

1 792

3 299

5 091

Railways passenger transport services

108

269

377

Road passenger transport services

7 666

930

8 596

Water passenger transport services

82

23

105

Passenger transport supporting services

..

..

..

Transport equipment rental services

165

1

166

Travel agencies and other reservation services industry

630

1 003

1 633

Cultural services

606

978

1 804

Sports and recreation services

1 540

139

1 679

Country-specific tourism characteristic goods

849

812

1 661

Country-specific tourism characteristic services

445

42

487

Other consumption products

3 545

624

6 112

Tourism connected products

682

0

1 403

Non-tourism related consumption products

2 863

624

4 708

Non-consumption products

..

..

..

.. Not available

Source: OECD Tourism Statistics (Database).

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934078775

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