Kazakhstan

Introduction

Kazakhstan’s ODA Law provides the legal basis for establishing an agency under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, provisionally known as the Kazakhstan Agency for International Development Assistance (KAZAID), to implement development co-operation activities. For the moment, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the designated authority to implement the main lines of Kazakhstan’s official development assistance (ODA) policy, including ODA activities.

Official development assistance

In 2017, Kazakhstan provided USD 35 million in total ODA. This represented 0.02% of gross national income (GNI). Total ODA for 2017 represented an increase of 14% from 2016.

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In 2017, 67% of gross ODA was provided bilaterally, of which 81% was channelled through multilateral organisations (multi-bi/non-core contributions). Kazakhstan allocated 33% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations.

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In 2017, 25.5% of bilateral ODA was programmed with partner countries, making Kazakhstan’s share of country programmable aid in line with the average for development providers beyond the DAC of 27.4% (see the methodological notes for further details on country programmable aid). Project-type interventions accounted for 72.1% of this aid.

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In 2017, Kazakhstan channelled 18.6% of gross bilateral ODA through the public sector (down from 30.8% in 2016). In 2017, Kazakhstan did not channel its ODA through private sector institutions, universities, or other teaching and research institutions. See the methodological notes for further details on channels of delivery.

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In 2017, USD 0.04 million of gross bilateral ODA was channelled to and through civil society organisations (CSOs). Between 2016 and 2017, ODA channelled to and through CSOs decreased as a share of bilateral aid (from 0.3% to 0.2%).

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In 2017, bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Asia. USD 6.1 million was allocated to Asia, mainly South and Central Asia. No allocations were made to sub-Saharan Africa, in line with previous years.

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In 2017, all of Kazakhstan’s bilateral ODA went to its top 5 recipients. Its top 5 recipients are Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of North Macedonia Antigua and Barbuda, and Mongolia. Support to fragile contexts reached USD 3.9 million in 2017 (16.4% of gross bilateral ODA). Learn more about support to fragile contexts.

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In 2017, 10.7% of Kazakhstan’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 2.5 million) was allocated to the least developed countries (LDCs). This is down from 3.9% in 2016 and is lower than the average of providers beyond the DAC of 12.3% in 2017. Lower middle-income countries received 7% of its bilateral ODA in 2017, noting that 81.8% was unallocated by income group.

At 0.00% of GNI in 2017, total ODA to the LDCs was lower than the UN target of 0.15-0.20% of GNI. This includes imputed multilateral flows, i.e. making allowance for contributions through multilateral organisations, calculated using the geographical distribution of multilateral disbursements.

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Institutional set-up

The Foreign Policy Concept of Kazakhstan 2014-2020 guides Kazakhstan’s contribution to the international community’s development co-operation efforts. The ODA Concept of Kazakhstan (April 2013) sets out a roadmap for becoming a provider of development co-operation. Law No. 263-V on Official Development Assistance (December 2014) describes the main objectives, principles, competences and sectoral priorities of Kazakhstan’s ODA. In accordance with Article 6 of this law, Presidential Decree No. 415 “On approval of the main directions of the state policy in the sphere of ODA for 2017-2020” (January 2017) identifies the geographic and sectoral priorities, forms and mechanisms of financing, key parameters and tools for practical activities of Kazakhstan in the field of official development assistance for the period up to 2020.

Kazakhstan’s ODA Law provides the legal basis for establishing an agency under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, provisionally known as the Kazakhstan Agency for International Development Assistance (KAZAID), to implement development co-operation activities. For the moment, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the designated authority to implement the main lines of Kazakhstan’s official development assistance (ODA) policy, including ODA activities.

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Reporting to the OECD since 2015.

Kazakhstan