Slovak Republic

Introduction

A new mid-term strategy for the Slovak Republic 2019-23 was launched in May 2019 together with the 2018 DAC Peer Review of the Slovak Republic. The strategy identifies six focus sectors and a geographical focus on the Western Balkans, the Eastern Partnership of the EU, East Africa and the Middle East.

The DAC Peer Review commended Slovak Republic for its leadership role in the United Nations and other multilateral fora and encourages the Slovak Republic to sustain areas of good practice on global citizenship and planning for implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and to maintain progress with its legal framework and staffing. The review notes that while many government departments are active in delivering the Slovak Republic’s development co-operation programme, a whole-of-government approach is missing and the limited bilateral official development assistance (ODA) is thinly spread.

Official development assistance

The Slovak Republic’s ODA continues to grow at a modest pace. While the majority of the budget is channelled through EU institutions, an increasing proportion is allocated to bilateral ODA, in particular projects at country level implemented through Slovak organisations.

In 2018, the Slovak Republic provided USD 133 million in total ODA (preliminary data, current prices), using the new “grant-equivalent” methodology (see the methodological notes for further details) adopted by DAC members on their reporting of 2018 data as a more accurate way to count the donor effort in development loans. This represented 0.13% of gross national income (GNI). Under the “cash-flow basis” methodology used in the past, 2018 net ODA was also USD 133 million, representing an increase of 4.4% in real terms from 2017.

The Slovak Republic’s share of untied bilateral ODA (excluding administrative costs and in-donor refugee costs) was 62.2% in 2017 (down from 64.3% in 2016), while the DAC country average was 82.1%. The grant element of total ODA was 100% in 2017.

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In 2017, 30% of gross ODA was provided bilaterally, of which 48% was channelled through multilateral organisations (multi-bi/non-core contributions). The Slovak Republic allocated 70% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

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In 2017, country programmable aid was 33% of Slovak Republic’s bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 48% (see the methodological notes for further details on country programmable aid). Project-type interventions accounted for 48% of this aid.

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In 2017, the Slovak Republic channelled 23.7% of gross bilateral ODA through the public sector (down from 26.7% in 2016). The share of bilateral ODA channelled through private sector institutions was 0.7%. See the methodological notes for further details on channels of delivery.

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In 2017, USD 7 million of gross bilateral ODA was channelled to and through civil society organisations (CSOs). Between 2016 and 2017, ODA channelled to and through CSOs decreased as a share of bilateral aid (from 27% to 20%). Learn more about ODA allocations to and through CSOs and the Civil Society Days.

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In 2017, bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Europe and its neighbourhood. USD 4.9 million was allocated to Europe, USD 1.6 million to South and Central Asia, and USD 2.5 million to the Middle East. USD 3.1 million was allocated to sub-Saharan Africa. Bilateral allocations to sub-Saharan Africa will increase in line with government policy.

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In 2017, 28.7% of gross bilateral ODA went to the Slovak Republic’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients are in Eastern Europe, East Africa, and South and Central Asia, noting that 63.7% of bilateral aid is not allocable by country. Support to fragile contexts reached USD 7 million in 2017 (18.3% of gross bilateral ODA). Learn more about support to fragile contexts.

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In 2017, 9.9% of the Slovak Republic’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 4 million) was allocated to the least developed countries (LDCs), compared to the DAC country average of 23.5%. This is an increase from 4.1% in 2016. Lower middle-income countries received the highest share of bilateral ODA in 2017 (18.5%), noting that 63.7% was unallocated by income group.

At 0.02% of GNI in 2017, total ODA to the LDCs (including imputed multilateral flows) was lower than the UN target of 0.15% of GNI.

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In 2017, 40% of bilateral ODA commitments was allocated to social infrastructure and services, for a total of USD 15 million, with a focus on support to government and civil society (USD 7 million). Humanitarian aid amounted to USD 1 million. In 2017, the Slovak Republic committed USD 85 000 of ODA to support developing countries to raise domestic revenue, amounting to 0.25% of bilateral allocable aid. The Slovak Republic also committed USD 1 million (2.2% of bilateral allocable aid) to promote aid for trade and improve developing countries’ trade performance and integration into the world economy in 2017.

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USD 13 million of gross bilateral allocable ODA supported gender equality. In 2017, 39.5% of the Slovak Republic’s bilateral sector-allocable aid had gender equality and women’s empowerment as a principal or significant objective (up from 34.9% in 2016), compared with the DAC country average of 36%. Learn more about ODA focused on gender equality and the DAC Network on Gender Equality.

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USD 1 million of bilateral ODA commitments supported the environment. In 2017, 3.4% of its gross bilateral allocable aid supported the environment and 0.4% focused on climate change, compared with the respective DAC country averages of 33% and 25%. Allocations supporting the environment decreased from 7.4% in 2016, while those focused on climate change fell from 1.3% in 2016. The proportion of bilateral allocable ODA focusing specifically on adaptation rose from 0.3% in 2016 to 0.8% in 2017 and the proportion focusing specifically on mitigation rose from 0.1% to 0.5%. Learn more about climate-related development finance.

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Other financial flows and amounts mobilised from the private sector

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In 2017, the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation mobilised USD 26 thousand from the private sector through simple co-financing arrangements with the private sector.

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Of the country-allocable private finance mobilised in 2012-17, 51% targeted middle-income countries and 49% the LDCs.

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The Slovak Republic’s private finance mobilised in 2012-17 related to activities in the water supply and sanitation (51%); energy (27%); and agriculture, forestry and fishing (21%) sectors. Learn more about the amounts mobilised from private sector for development.

Institutional set-up

The Slovak Republic’s development co-operation policy and co-ordination sits with the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, with much of the ministry’s budget implemented by its development agency SAIDC. The Ministry of Finance manages two-thirds of the Slovak ODA budget, including multilateral contributions and its import-export bank, EXIMBANKA, is exploring concessional loans for businesses looking to invest in emerging markets and developing countries. SlovakAid is the brand for all Slovak development co-operation efforts.

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Evaluation system

The mandate for evaluation of Slovakian ODA is assigned to the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Department (DCHAD) within the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MFEA). This department is responsible for preparing an annual evaluation plan, initiating evaluations and disseminating evaluation results. There is no specific unit that conducts evaluations within the MFEA, or in the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation. Evaluations are undertaken by an independent evaluator/team selected through public procurement. The ministry’s evaluation manager is accountable to the Director of the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Department, who subsequently reports to the Director-General for International Organisations, Development and Humanitarian Aid. Learn more about evaluation in the Slovak Republic.

Performance against the commitments for effective development co-operation

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Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

Slovak Development Agency (SlovakAid): https://www.slovakaid.sk/en

Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 2013.

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