Slovak Republic

The Slovak Republic’s development co-operation programme is based on its own transformative experience of building independent state institutions, developing a market economy and fulfilling the principles of democracy, as well as successfully integrating into international organisations and the European Union (EU). The majority of the Slovak Republic’s official development assistance (ODA) is delivered multilaterally, through the EU institutions, and overseen by the Ministry of Finance. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the national co-ordinator for development co-operation and oversees bilateral ODA, which is largely implemented through the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation (SAIDC).

A new mid-term strategy for development co-operation of the Slovak Republic 2019-23 was launched in January 2019. The strategy identifies six focus sectors and a geographical focus on the Western Balkans, the Eastern Partnership of the EU, East Africa and the Middle East. The Slovak Republic has a small number of partner countries in its immediate neighbourhood as well as Kenya and is looking to adopt a more regional approach in East Africa. Its focus at country level is the reduction of poverty, the strengthening of democracy and good governance. It is a strong supporter of a rules-based international systems.

The Slovak Republic provided less ODA in 2019 than in the previous year. Total ODA on a grant-equivalent basis stood at USD 129 million (preliminary data), representing 0.12% of the Slovak Republic’s gross national income (GNI) in 2019.1 The fall of 4% in real terms from 2018 was due to cuts in the bilateral aid programme. The Slovak Republic ranked 28th among DAC member countries in relation to its ODA/GNI ratio in 2019. The Slovak Republic is committed, at the European level, to achieve 0.33% ODA/GNI and collectively achieve a 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Total ODA on a grant-equivalent basis has the same value as net ODA under the cash-flow methodology used in the past, as the Slovak Republic provides only grants.2

The majority of the Slovak Republic’s ODA is channelled through the multilateral system, particularly the EU institutions. Its bilateral ODA is well focused on its partner countries, mainly through calls for tender to implement projects, with the majority of contracts executed by Slovak non-governmental organisations. See the methodological notes for details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied.

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In 2018, the largest proportion of the Slovak Republic’s ODA (77%) was provided as core contributions to multilateral organisations, including the EU institutions. Gross bilateral ODA was 23% of total ODA, of which 55% was channelled through multilateral organisations (earmarked contributions).

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In 2018, the Slovak Republic increased its total support (core and earmarked contributions) to multilateral organisations. It provided USD 123 million of gross ODA to the multilateral system, an increase of 15.3% in real terms from 2017. Of this, USD 105 million was core multilateral ODA and the rest was earmarked for a specific country, region, theme or purpose. Project aid earmarked for a specific project or purpose (tight earmarking) accounted for 19% of the Slovak Republic’s non-core contributions, while the remaining 81% was softly earmarked (to pooled funds and specific-purpose programmes and funds).

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In 2018, the Slovak Republic’s total contribution to multilateral organisations was mainly allocated to the EU institutions, the UN and the World Bank Group. These contributions together accounted for almost 97% of the Slovak Republic’s total support to the multilateral system. The UN system received 16%, mainly through core contributions. Out of a total gross volume of USD 19 million to the UN system, the top three UN recipients of the Slovak Republic’s support (core and earmarked contributions) were: the UN Secretariat (USD 7 million), the UN Department of Peace Operations (USD 4 million) and the United Nations Development Programme (USD 3 million).

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Note: See the list of UN acronyms.

See the section on “Geographic and thematic focus of ODA” for the geographical and thematic breakdown of bilateral allocations earmarked through the multilateral development system. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

In 2018, the Slovak Republic decreased its bilateral spending compared to the previous year. It provided USD 32 million as gross bilateral ODA (including earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations), which represented a decrease of 14.8% in real terms from 2017.

In 2018, country programmable aid was 29% of the Slovak Republic’s gross bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 49%. In-donor refugee costs were USD 1 million in 2018, a decrease of 44.6% in real terms over 2017, and represented 1% of the Slovak Republic’s total net ODA.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation.

In 2018, the Slovak Republic channelled its bilateral ODA mainly through multilateral organisations, as earmarked funding.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation; PPP: public-private partnership.

In 2018, civil society organisations (CSOs) received USD 5 million of gross bilateral ODA. Less than 1% of gross bilateral ODA was allocated to CSOs as core contributions and 15% was channelled through CSOs to implement projects initiated by the Slovak Republic (earmarked funding). Between 2017 and 2018, core and earmarked contributions to CSOs decreased as a share of bilateral ODA, from 20% to 15%. Learn more about ODA allocations to and through CSOs and civil society engagement in development co-operation.

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In 2018, the Slovak Republic’s bilateral ODA was focused on Europe, Asia and Africa. USD 4 million was allocated to ODA-eligible countries in Europe, USD 3 million to Asia and USD 2 million to Africa, accounting respectively for 13%, 11% and 7% of gross bilateral ODA. Europe was the main regional recipient of the Slovak Republic’s earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations. Sixty-nine per cent of gross bilateral ODA was unspecified by region, mainly due to contributions to the EU Trust Fund for Africa and the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey.

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Bilateral ODA by recipient country

In 2018, 25% of gross bilateral ODA went to the Slovak Republic’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients are partner counties, many in its immediate neighbourhood, or fragile contexts, in line with its policy priorities. The share of gross bilateral ODA that was not allocated by country was 69%.

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In 2018, the LDCs received 3.2% of the Slovak Republic’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 1 million). This is below the DAC country average of 23.8%. The Slovak Republic allocated the highest share of gross bilateral ODA (15.5%) to lower middle-income countries in 2018, noting that 69% was unallocated by income group.

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Note: LDC: least developed country; LMIC: lower middle-income country; UMIC: upper middle-income country; MADCTs: more advanced developing countries and territories.

Support to fragile contexts reached USD 4 million of gross bilateral ODA in 2018 (13.6% of gross bilateral ODA). Extremely fragile contexts received 55.5% of this amount. Learn more about support to fragile contexts on the States of Fragility platform.

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Note: The chart represents only gross bilateral ODA that is allocated by country.

In 2018, most of the Slovak Republic’s bilateral ODA was allocated to social infrastructure and services. Investments in this area accounted for 38% of bilateral ODA commitments (USD 12.5 million), with a focus on support to government and civil society (USD 5.3 million) and education (USD 4.0 million). Bilateral humanitarian aid amounted to USD 0.3 million (1% of bilateral ODA). Earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations focused also on social infrastructure and services in 2018.

In 2018, the Slovak Republic committed USD 1.2 million of ODA to the mobilisation of domestic resources in developing countries, amounting to 4.1% of bilateral allocable aid. The Slovak Republic committed USD 0.7 million (2.4% of bilateral allocable aid) to promote aid for trade and improve developing countries’ trade performance and integration into the world economy in 2018.

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In 2018, the Slovak Republic committed 51% of its bilateral allocable aid to gender equality and women’s empowerment as either a principal or significant objective (up from 39% in 2017),3 compared with the DAC country average of 42%. This is equal to USD 15 million of bilateral ODA commitments in support of gender equality. Out of this, no bilateral allocable aid was committed to gender equality and women’s empowerment as a principal objective, compared with the DAC country average of 4%. A significantly higher share of interventions in health addresses gender equality than in other areas. The Slovak Republic screens all activities against the gender marker (100.0% in 2018). Learn more about ODA focused on gender equality and the DAC Network on Gender Equality.

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In 2018, the Slovak Republic committed 3% of its bilateral allocable aid (USD 1 million) in support of the environment as either a principal or significant objective, the same level as in 2017 (the DAC country average was 33%). One per cent focused on environmental issues as a principal objective, compared with the DAC country average of 11%. One per cent (less than USD 1 million) focused on climate change as either a principal or significant objective, the same level as 2017 (the DAC country average was 26%). The Slovak Republic has a slightly greater focus on adaptation than on mitigation. Learn more about climate-related development finance.

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In 2018, the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation (SAMRS) mobilised USD 0.05 million from the private sector through its simple co-financing arrangements.

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All of the country-allocable finance mobilised from the private sector in 2017-18 targeted the LDCs.

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Note: LDC: least developed country; LMIC: lower middle-income country.

The Slovak Republic’s private finance mobilised in 2017-18 related to activities in the energy (35%); agriculture, forestry and fishing (34%); and education (31%) sectors. Learn more about the amounts mobilised from the private sector for development.

The Slovak Republic’s development co-operation policy and co-ordination sits with the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MFEA), with much of the ministry’s budget implemented by its development agency, SAIDC. The Ministry of Finance manages two-thirds of the Slovak ODA budget, including multilateral contributions. The Slovak import-export bank, EXIMBANKA, is developing concessional loans for businesses looking to invest in emerging markets and developing countries. SlovakAid is the brand for all Slovak development co-operation efforts.

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The mandate for evaluation of Slovak ODA is assigned to the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Department (DCHAD) within the MFEA. This department is responsible for preparing an annual evaluation plan, initiating evaluations and disseminating evaluation results. There is no specific unit that conducts evaluations within the MFEA, or in the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation. Evaluations are undertaken by an independent evaluator/team selected through public procurement. The ministry’s evaluation manager is accountable to the Director of the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Department, who subsequently reports to the Director-General for International Organisations, Development and Humanitarian Aid. Learn more about evaluation in the Slovak Republic.

Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

Slovak Development Agency (SlovakAid): https://www.slovakaid.sk/en

Slovak export-import bank (EXIMBANKA) concessional loans to selected developing countries https://www.eximbanka.sk/en/english/products/concessional-loans-to-selected-developing-countries.html?page_id=214526

Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 2013.

The methodological notes provide further details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied, including the grant-equivalent methodology, core and earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, country programmable aid, channels of delivery, bilateral ODA unspecified/unallocated, bilateral allocable aid, the gender equality policy marker, and the environment markers.

← 1. DAC members adopted the grant-equivalent methodology starting from their reporting of 2018 data as a more accurate way to count the provider’s effort in development loans. See the methodological notes for further details.

← 2. All 2019 statistics in this paragraph are expressed in current prices and, therefore, they may differ from values in the ODA volume chart, which uses constant prices.

← 3. The use of the recommended minimum criteria for the marker by some members in recent years can result in lower levels of aid reported as being focused on gender equality.

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https://doi.org/10.1787/2dcf1367-en

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