4. The role of STRATA in the evidence-informed decision-making system

In 2017, the Lithuanian Science and Education Monitoring and Analysis Centre (MOSTA) was moved under the responsibility of the Office of the Government. This transfer was motivated by a strategic need for leadership in the generation of evidence and analysis for the whole of government. In 2019, MOSTA was officially transformed into the Government Strategic Analysis Centre (STRATA) with the mission to foster high-quality evidence and public knowledge based on objective information. The intention is to leverage the expertise of the centre to strengthen the evidence-informed decision-making mechanisms to enable sound strategic governance from a whole of government perspective. At the time of conducting this assessment, the transformation process was ongoing. While STRATA’s mandate has been expanded significantly in a formal sense, the challenge is to assess whether the structure and resources have sufficiently evolved since the old mandate as MOSTA to meet the new challenges and needs. The question is to identify the further adjustments that are necessary to ensure that the well-intended strategic decisions effectively reach their goals.

In this context, this chapter offers an overview of STRATA’s current mandates and suggests refocusing its responsibilities on evaluation, foresight and regulatory impact assessment-related activities in order to increase its legitimacy and impact. Second, the chapter discusses the functions and decision-making processes related to STRATA’s role as a policy advisory. The chapter analyses the governance structure of STRATA, the establishment of its board and the development of activity plans. It recommends increasing the transparency of its decision-making processes and ensuring enhanced visibility of its work. Finally, the chapter identifies some operational challenges related to STRATA’s human resources, organisation and budget, and suggests that STRATA pursue its transformation to better reflect its new ambitious mandate.

The current legal framework gives STRATA a wide variety of responsibilities, which intervene at different stages of the policy-making cycle. Indeed, the Government Strategic Analysis Centre is responsible for:

  • carrying out foresight activities, monitoring and evaluation in the context of the Strategic Governance system (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[1])

  • conducting thematic studies in the areas of expertise related to the previous MOSTA mandate

  • promoting the quality of regulatory impact assessment and ex post assessments

  • providing advice to promote evidence-informed decisions

  • managing the network of public analysts.

In 2020, a new strategic governance law (XIII-3096) was adopted by Parliament, which aims at rationalising the strategic and planning system (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[1]). In particular, this law seeks to minimise the number of strategic planning frameworks, in order to improve their implementation and facilitate their monitoring. STRATA has been given a mandate in several stages of the preparation and implementation of the main strategic planning documents of the Lithuanian government. In particular, STRATA has an explicit role in conducting strategic foresight for the preparation of the State Progress Strategy 2050 and the National Progress Plan 2030, as well as monitoring and evaluating these plans (see Figure 2.5 in Chapter 2).

Articles 13-2 and 15-2 of the strategic governance law mandate STRATA to provide a “situation analysis” and to the Office of the Government for both:

  • the State Progress Strategy (SPS), which is a 30-year strategy. The SPS for “Lithuania 2050”, will be presented to the Parliament before the 1st of June, 2022, according to article 25-6 of the law of strategic governance (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[2]);

  • and the National Progress Plan, which is a 10-year strategic plan. The NPP for 2021-2030 was approved by the government on the 9th September 2020 (Government of Lithuania, 2020[3]) (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[1]).

  • According to the recently approved Strategic Governance Methodology (Government of Lithuania, 2021[4]), STRATA together with the Office of Government prepare the “future scenarios” based on strategic foresight methods. These scenarios are reviewed by the government. The SPS project is then prepared based on the selected scenario (Government of Lithuania, 2021[4]).

Article 15-5 of the strategic governance law gives STRATA the mandate to monitor the implementation of the 10 strategic goals and 50 key performance indicators of the State Progress Strategy, together with the Ministry of Finance and the Office of Government (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[1]).

However, the exact distribution of tasks between STRATA and the Office of the Government in this regard has yet to be determined. The methodology for the strategic governance framework suggests that STRATA needs to prepare the report analysing the strategic objectives and their impact indicators of the National Progress Plan annually (Government of Lithuania, 2021[4]). The same methodology gives a role to monitor the use of funds associated with the implementation of the NPP to the Ministry of Finance. The individual Development Programmes, on the other hand, should be monitored by each ministry in their area of competencies. Each ministry reports on the implementation of the programmes to the Office of the Government directly.

Moreover, STRATA has also been mandated to evaluate the implementation of the NPP. Article 15-7 of the law of Strategic Governance mandates STRATA to conduct “intermediary evaluations and a final evaluation” of the NPP (Parliament of Lithuania, 2020[1]). Some ambiguities remain, however, as to how these evaluations will be conducted, whether they are in fact a sort of a monitoring, or whether they really involve in-depth analytical work and with what resources.

STRATA has retained its previous functions stemming from its old MOSTA mandate. Thus, it continues to perform forward-looking activities as well as other analytical studies in the following areas (see Table 4.1 for examples of these studies):

  • Workforce needs, as per the 2016 law of employment mandates (Parliament of Lithuania, 2016[5]).

  • Human and vocational training needs, as per the 1997 law of vocational education and training (Parliament of Lithuania, 1997[6]).

  • Supply of higher education competences, as per the 2009 law on higher education and research (Parliament of Lithuania, 2009[7]).

  • Sciences, Technology and Innovation, as per the 2018 law on technology and innovation. (Parliament of Lithuania, 2018[8]).

This strong focus on education, science and innovation, however, may impact the perception of STRATA as the whole of the government analysis centre. Indeed, focusing important resources on analysis in these thematic topics may detract STRATA from fulfilling its other functions to the best of its ability. The Lithuanian government could therefore consider transferring some of these functions back to the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, which is in need of increasing its internal capacities for analysis. This would concern in particular the analysis of workforce needs, human capital and vocational training.

In the recent years STRATA has started to expand into other areas of expertise. It was, for example, asked to provide analysis on the management of economic consequences of COVID-19 pandemic by the Office of Government. Among the current ongoing activities some reflect the increasing scope of STRATA’s mandate such as a project on the “Green Course” opportunities in Lithuania or forecasting the needs for health personnel in Lithuania (STRATA, 2021[9]).

Firstly, STRATA has a role in promoting the quality of the RIAs by providing quality control for high-impact RIAs and general methodological support to ministries. As of 2020, quality control of higher impact legislation is delegated to STRATA (The Decision of the Government Meeting of the 15th of January, (Prime Minister’s Office, 2020[10]). STRATA together with the Office of the Government reviews the preliminary information on RIAs sent by the ministries and decides which legislative projects should be included in the semi-annual high-impact legislation list. In 2021, these semi-annual lists were substituted by a list covering a 3 years period (2021-24) with the possibility for revision (Government of Lithuania, 2021[11]). Once the list is completed, the ministries drafting these legal acts can solicit methodological help from STRATA and the Office of the Government sends the final RIA to STRATA for quality control. STRATA controls the quality of the impact assessment. In 2020, STRATA has controlled the quality of 12 RIAs (STRATA, 2020[12]). (See Chapter 3).

This role in quality control is important. In order to further focus STRATA’s contribution on the technical aspects of this control function, a regulatory oversight body could be created to make final decisions on the substantive quality of RIAs, which would avoid exposing STRATA in a political sense on those decisions and would also give them more weight and legitimacy. STRATA could provide analytical secretariat support to a regulatory oversight body.

STRATA also has a role in quality assurance by offering support to ministries that are drafting “proposals of evidence-informed decisions” (Parliament of Lithuania, 1994[13]), which includes RIAs. In this regard, STRATA has co-operated with ministries on conducting impact assessments. One such example is the ex ante impact assessment of the COVID-19 relief stimulus, where STRATA provided its expert opinion on the impact estimated by the Ministry of Finance (STRATA, 2020[14]). Furthermore, STRATA developed some cross-government RIA methodological guidelines (STRATA, 2020[12]). However, it is only one of several cross-government methodological guidelines for RIA to date.

As highlighted in chapter 3, a clear government-wide framework on co-ordination for RIA could be helpful to clarify the role of STRATA versus other institutions (such as Office of Government, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Economy and Innovation, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Finance) in providing methodological support for RIA. Thus, STRATA can act as the main methodological centre for RIA within this government-wide framework. This could allow STRATA, for example, to organise further government-wide training programme on RIA to staff from across the government rather than responding to ad-hoc requests. This would allow STRATA to build on the series of training seminars given in 2020-21.

Furthermore, STRATA may also have the mandate to provide quality assurance for ex post regulatory assessments upon request. As detailed in the previous chapter, the Ministry of Justice is in charge of co-ordinating ex post regulatory assessments. The Ministry of Justice plans to solicit STRATA’s advice on the quality of ex post evaluations. Indeed, article 23 of the ex post evaluation methodology prepared by the Ministry of Justice stipulates that ministries can ask STRATA for methodological support in conducting ex post regulatory assessments, in particular for example when sophisticated data analysis is needed (Government of Lithuania, 2021[15]). STRATA is not mandated, however, to respond positively to these demands, in which case ministries can contract out the evaluation.

The co-ordination of ex post evaluation and methodological guidance is a prerogative of the Ministry of Justice, which has extensive competences in legal matters but might lack capacities in analytical tasks and data analysis for evaluation. Following the recommendations made above, STRATA and the Office of the Government could have a greater role in co-ordinating ex post assessments for the former, and in providing methodological support to ensure the quality of these evaluations across government for the latter. In particular, STRATA could act as a focal point for these assessments. It could conduct cross-cutting evaluations that involve several ministries, and offer support for other high-priority evaluations.

In order to ensure the overall quality of evidence and its use, STRATA is mandated by article 30 of the law on government to manage a network of public sector analysts (Parliament of Lithuania, 1994[13]). The training carried out by STRATA in the area of RIA, for example, contributes to this mandate.

Overall, the aggregated mandates of STRATA create an incompatible mix of functions: some require strong political influence and commitment (e.g. monitoring the implementation of plans), while others benefit from increased independence and technical legitimacy (e.g. policy advice and evaluation).

Firstly, protection from undue political influence is a crucial element of evaluations’ credibility. This notion can be understood as an evaluation being free from undue political pressure and organisational influence (see Box 4.1 for a detailed explanation of this). The literature distinguishes between several types of independence: structural, functional and behavioural independence.

An evaluation’s impact can also depend on its perceived quality, in terms of perception of transparency and lack of bias, as much as it can on its technical quality. For evaluations to be used, stakeholders and users must therefore trust their independence. For this reason, STRATA is particularly well placed to conduct evaluations and provide methodological advice on how to conduct quality evaluations in that it’s an institution at arm’s length of government, which is well respected for its technical skills. This function also builds on STRATA’s responsibilities related to the methodological quality of ex ante and ex post assessments, in that they require similar skills and resources.

On the other hand, operational monitoring requires important capacities, which can be defined as “the totality of the strengths and resources available within the machinery of government.” (OECD, 2008[21]). Monitoring requires, in particular, a critical mass of technically trained staff and managers (Zall, Ray and Rist, 2004[22]). These elements rest on the availability of dedicated resources, human and financial, for the monitoring function. For this reason, the lead responsibility for monitoring is with the Office of the Government and the Ministry of Finance. In fact, in other OECD countries with monitoring and delivery systems monitoring is driven from the centre (Canada, the United Kingdom or Australia see Box 4.2).

STRATA can act in analytical support capacity in some limited ways, to support the interpretation of structural changes and to perform strategic evaluations in the areas of the national progress plan, within the 10-year plan for evaluation. The nature of STRATA’s position, at arm’s length of the centre of government, and the skills of its staff members, are better suited for foresight, advice and evaluation. Clearly, the Office of the Government and the Ministry of Finance, which by definition are close to power, is best situated to take the lead on the monitoring of high-level priorities in terms of the practical aspects.

Many OECD countries have set up a system of actors and institutions aimed at providing credible advice to government and at facilitating the capacity to implement reforms. Due to the pace of technological, environmental and cultural developments, policy makers are continuously called to find new solutions to complex issues. One way in which governments have sought to increase their strategic capacities is by relying on networks of actors, within and outside of government, that provide evidence and policy advice – the so-called policy advisory systems. Advisory systems contribute to wider evidence-based decision-making approaches in that they provide credible evidence to governments.

Within the evidence-informed decision-making system, advisory bodies can have the function of both evidence suppliers or knowledge brokers (OECD, 2017[25]). Policy advisory bodies can also be very diverse in terms of organisational structures, mandates or functions in the policy cycle (OECD, 2017[25]). Advisory bodies can take various forms, such as advisory councils, commissions of inquiry, foresight units, special advisors, think tanks and many other bodies, all of which provide knowledge and strategic advice to governments (Bressers, 2015[26]) (Blum and Schubert, 2013[27]).

Yet, advisory bodies often share common features. First, their responsibilities are tailored to their organisational structure and positioning within government. Specifically, advisory bodies situated at arm’s length of government, such as STRATA, focus their mandates on responsibilities, which require a high degree of autonomy, transparency and legitimacy, such as (OECD, 2017[25]):

  • Evaluations: To provide (ex post) reflections and evaluations.

  • Evidence: To provide information, expertise and facts to policy makers.

  • Strategic foresight: To provide new perspectives, strategic foresight and explorations of the future.

This is the case of France Stratégie, for example, the main advisory body in France attached to the Prime minister’s office, which focuses its mandate on foresight, ex post evaluations and managing a network of analytical bodies (see Box 4.3).

In Lithuania, STRATA really stands out as the main cross-disciplinary advisory body available attached to the Centre of government. Moreover, STRATA through its independent nature and policy expertise could supply credible advice to the government that would enhance the evidence base of the government’s decision making and increase public trust.

In fact, since its creation, STRATA has already been recognised as a credible policy advisory body, and has received many requests for analysis by ministries. At the request of the Ministry of Interior, for instance, STRATA conducted an analysis of the effectiveness of the Lithuanian civil service and public sector in the international context, as well as on the effectiveness of the measures undertaken by the 17th Lithuanian government to improve the public sector (Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Lithuania and STRATA, 2020[29]). STRATA also developed projections on the supply and demand of healthcare specialists in Lithuania for the Ministry of Health (Jakštas et al., 2019[30]), as well as multiple economic pulse briefs on the economic situation related to the COVID-19 recession. The XVIIIth government’s programme implementation plan entrusted multiple tasks for STRATA in the area of national skill strategy, public sector innovations, strengthening capacities to conduct impact assessments among others (Government of Lithuania, 2021[31]).

For this reason, STRATA should refocus its mandate on advising state and municipal institutions on methodological issues related to evidence-informed decision making, as well on conducting “studies, evaluations and forecasts on strategic issues”, as mandated by article 30 of the law on government (Parliament of Lithuania, 1994[13]). This mandate would complement the quality control and assurance it provides in the area of ex ante and ex post regulatory assessment. On the other hand, as mentioned previously, STRATA is not best placed to conduct monitoring of the strategic governance system.

In practice, STRATA provides its advice in one of three ways:

  • Ministries and agencies can request STRATA to provide an analysis or conduct an evaluation by submitting their request to the Office of the Government (Parliament of Lithuania, 1994[13]).

  • The Office of the Government also can identify analytical priorities for the year.

  • STRATA can also initiate research.

Based on advice from STRATA’s board, the Office of Government then decides what evaluations and research will be conducted by the Centre each year in the annual activity plan. In this sense, STRATA’s functioning is close to that of Australia’s Productivity Commission (see Box 4.4), which also jointly decides on its work plan based on ministerial requests, priorities identified by the Prime Minister’s Office and self-initiated research. Indeed, while the Productivity Commission is independence by law, its work plan is largely defined by the government.

In order to ensure the overall quality of evidence and its use, STRATA is responsible to create and manage a network of public sector competences, according to article 30 of the law on government (Parliament of Lithuania, 1994[13]). For this reason, STRATA is well placed to address the skills and capacity gap found in ministries and the centre of the government in regards to the supply and use of evidence. It could therefore take a leading role in nurturing a network of skilled analysts in co-operation with the Office of the Government, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Interior, which retains overall competence for the civil service.

For instance, STRATA is well equipped to build partnerships with universities, to identify opportunities to establish master programmes in policy analysis and economics that are crucially needed to increase the supply in Lithuania, in co-operation with the Bank of Lithuania. As discussed in chapter 2, STRATA could partner with universities to develop a master’s degree to provide the Lithuanian civil service with a supply of quantitatively trained analysts.

Another way to promote analytical competencies in the public sector is for STRATA to foster and manage a network of analytical capacities across ministries and agencies. By giving seminars, sharing knowledge management and developing methodological guides for analysis and evaluation, STRATA could support the continuous development of public sector skills for evaluation. In doing so, STRATA could emulate what is done in Ireland with the Irish Government Economic Evaluation service, and its Internal Advisory Group across ministries in Ireland (OECD, 2020[33]) (see Box 4.5).

In 2020 and 2021, STRATA witnessed some significant organisational changes However, more needs to be done to fully adapt its governance, organisation and resources to make the most of its new mandates and better respond to the government’s needs for cross-government analysis. Recently STRATA has adopted its new 2021-2025 strategy that should guide its transformation to fit its new broad mandate through the alignment of its organigramme and priorities (STRATA, 2020[34]).

One of the changes that STRATA underwent as part of its transformation from MOSTA in 2019 was the creation of the board, which consists of independent experts and one representative from the Government Office. The main function of the board is to set the vision of STRATA, to review its work and to advise on its annual activity plans, based on the needs expressed by Government. The new strategy of STRATA for 2021-2025 was adopted on 12 November 2020, and the new management structure was approved by the Office of the Government.

In order to provide credible and tailored advice, the composition of an advisory board or commission needs to ensure that membership is neutral; provides high-quality expertise; and, depending on the nature of the issues discussed, represents the age, gender, geographic, and cultural diversity of the community (Government of Canada, 2011[35]) (Quad Cities Community Foundation, 2018[36]).

OECD countries have ensured this neutrality, expertise and diversity in representation in a variety of different ways. For instance, in Norway, 40% of the board members of advisory bodies need to be women (OECD, 2017[25]). Similarly, Germany’s Federal Act on Appointment to Bodies ensures an equal representation of men and women (Government of Germany, 2015[37]). Box 4.6 provides a detailed discussion of how the Dutch Socio-Economic Council ensures the balance in the composition of its advisory group.

In order to ensure neutrality, the boards of advisory bodies in most OECD countries are also subject to rules regarding conflicts of interests, acceptance of gifts, as well as the disclosure of contacts with interest groups and lobbyists (OECD, 2017[25]). Another important element of neutrality is transparency in decision making. Transparency is an important element to ensure that decisions and advice are based on evidence.

The composition of the STRATA board is already an important marker of the credibility of its advice, and by extent, the legitimacy of its decision making – for instance regarding the identification of analytical priorities through the development of its annual activity plan. The board should be able to issue its formal opinion on the activity plans of STRATA and help to align the needs of the government with the most optimal activity planning for STRATA, particularly as the Office of Government is part of the board. However, the last word on annual activities may still be given by the Office of the Government given that the more operational management issues are governed by the board in a collegial way. In addition, all senior executives related to STRATA should be subject to clear provisions related to conflict of interest, which should be publicly available on STRATA’s website. Apparently, senior managers within STRATA are subject to such provisions with official declarations according to the Law of 1997 of Adjustment of Public and Private Interests in the Public Service and these are checked by the Chief Official Ethics Commission. However, the results are not public and do not apply to members of the board. For example, in Australia, the Productivity Commission obliges its commissioners to declare their potential conflict of interests to its chair and the government but these are not public. In France, heads and boards of public institutions are subject to the law on the Transparency of Public Life and the scrutiny of a special authority, which forces a standard declaration concerning all aspects of conflicts of interest, which is checked by a special supervisory authority and is made public for elected public officials only.

With the adoption of the 2021 - 2025 Government Strategic Analysis Centre transformation plan (STRATA, 2020[34]), STRATA attempted to realign its organisational structure with its new mandate.

Prior to the reorganisation, the Centre was structured in four thematic units, three of which were directly related to the old MOSTA mandate, while only one (the strategic competencies unit) reflected the broader mandate across the government (see Figure 4.2).

Therefore, most of the analysts were working in the units concentrating on the delivery of the old thematic mandate of MOSTA. Indeed, of the 37 analysts working in STRATA in 2020 (STRATA, 2020[38]):

  • 27 analysts were working in the units related to the MOSTA mandate;

  • 14 were working in the Strategic competences unit.

On January 29th 2021, the new structure of STRATA was amended to better reflect the new mandate of this whole-of-government strategic analysis centre and to dismantle the previous units with a narrow thematic focus. Nevertheless, further capacities should be added to accommodate the extensive mandate of STRATA in the EIPM system and the appropriateness of the new organisational structure still needs to be tested in practice and will take time to show results. On the other hand, transferring some expertise back to the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport would not only further recalibrate the competences of STRATA to reflect better its new mandate, but it would also help to create space for the new functions.

The 2021-2025 strategy developed together with the board in January 2021 aims at making STRATA the main institution in charge of promoting evidence-informed decision making across government. Some of the new key performance indicators for STRATA include the share of legal acts accompanied by high-quality RIAs and the share of recommendations and insights used in decision making (STRATA, 2020[34]). The implementation of this medium-term transformation plan will be essential for STRATA to fulfil its new ambitious mandate.

The current STRATA mandate is highly dependent on funding received from the European Union, and specifically project-based, funding. Indeed, currently around 73% of STRATA’s funding comes from projects. Most of these projects are due to end at the end of 2022 (STRATA, 2020[38]). While project-based funding ensures independence and additional capacities to STRATA, policy advisory bodies also need some stable funding to:

  • maintain the independence and credibility of their advice (OECD, 2017[25])

  • remain flexible and agile in responding to the government’s needs, as STRATA has shown it is capable of doing through the COVID-19 pulse reports (STRATA, 2020[40]).

Therefore, there is a need to adjust resources of STRATA, and provide the centre with some core resources commensurate with its responsibilities at least over a 4 to 5 year cycle, that could be then subject to performance assessment and review. STRATA has a distinct budget line within the budget of the Office of the Government. Additional funding from EU projects as well as ministries could supplement the core financial resources and increase the autonomy and expertise of STRATA. STRATA should report annually on its total financial expenditures and project management.

STRATA’s mandate needs to be refocused clarified in order to focus its responsibilities on tasks that require a high degree of autonomy and expertise. To this extent, the Lithuanian government should:

  • Focus STRATA’s responsibility in regards to monitoring the implementation of the National Progress Plan to analytical support to the office of the government.

  • Clarify STRATA’s role in the RIA process. For instance, STRATA could:

    • Continue to organise regular RIA trainings; and provide training modules to be administered by the Ministry of the Interior.

    • Serve as an analytical secretariat of a new “Regulatory Oversight Board”.

  • Serve as a general focal point for Ministries’ analytical units to help promote good practices, methodological tools and skills in evaluation, impact assessment and analysis, as part of a strategy to promote better regulation, to facilitate high-quality impact assessment, to strengthen a process of reviewing the fitness of the existing stock of regulation. Give a formal role to STRATA in the area of ex post evaluation. In particular, STRATA could:

    • Develop general guidelines for ex post evaluation in co-operation with Central project management agency and Supreme Audit Institution.

    • Conduct high-profile cross-sectoral evaluations and analyses.

    • Engage with a community of evaluators across ministries, sharing methods, organising seminars and peer review of the work.

  • STRATA should help address the analytical capacity gaps within Lithuanian public sector through:

    • The creation of a tailored academic master’s programme in economics and quantitative policy analysis in co-operation with universities to increase the supply.

    • Managing the annual recruitment and the selection of a set of professional analysts for the government. After validation by STRATA, these analysts would be dispatched across government by a decision of the Office of the Government and the Ministry of Finance, to serve the strategic needs of the Centre of Government. Some of these analysts could also work at STRATA, the Office of Government and the Ministry of Finance, of course, but this should not be exclusively the case.

    • Promoting a culture of evidence-informed policy making among the network of analytical units in the ministries and agencies, which can be characterised as knowledge brokers.

    • Organising seminars that could be opened both to government analysts as well as other researchers working in the academia, NGOs or the private sector, publishing a series of government working papers, and supporting the effort of the Government, including the Prime Minister and the Chancellor, to increase awareness to the analytical work undertaken by the government to inform policy choices and to promote an Evidence-Informed Approach for policy making.

There is a need for the Government to strengthen STRATA’s operations through the following actions:

  • Supporting the implementation of STRATA’s ambitious and forward-looking strategy for 2021-25, while monitoring progress. The goal is to facilitate an adaptation of STRATA’s governance and organisational structure in line with the new functions so that they match its new mandate. This includes recalibrating STRATA’s human resources and expertise to better reflect the new mandates.

  • Strengthen the credibility and integrity of STRATA’s advice. While the Office of the Government may be approving the programme of STRATA’s activities following the formal advice from the board, the board should be responsible for the issues regarding strategic development. Integrity should be strenghtened by introducing provisions for conflict of interest for STRATA’s board members.

  • Provide STRATA with an appropriate funding mix, including core public funding, complemented by project-based financing. The goal is to ensure that government core priorities can be met in the longer term, while preserving incentives for dynamic management.


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