The OECD Digital Trade Review is a new series analysing the challenges and opportunities that the digital transformation raises for trade for particular countries, offering policy recommendation on how to ensure that new challenges can be met and benefits shared more inclusively.

This Digital Trade Review of Brazil 2022 is the first of the series and is composed of five chapters. The first chapter discusses how the digital transformation is changing international trade and what this implies for Brazil. The second maps the nature and evolution of Brazil’s participation in digital trade. The third investigates the possible economic impact of Brazil joining the World Trade Organisation’s Information Technology Agreement. The fourth maps the evolving regulatory environment as it relates to issues of importance to digital trade, benchmarking Brazil’s performance against that of other countries. The fifth and last chapter uses detailed firm level data to identify how access to ICT goods and services enables greater competitiveness for Brazilian firms and how digital restrictions affect Brazil’s exports of services.

The Review was prepared by a team led by Javier López González and included Andrea Andrenelli, Charles Cadestin, Janos Ferencz, Irene Oliván García, Taku Nemoto, Silvia Sorescu, and Francesca Spinelli. The authors would like to thank the Government of Brazil for its support throughout, providing guidance, data and comments. In particular, we are grateful to Lucas Ferraz, Daniela Ferreira de Matos, Herlon Brandão, Paulo Felipe Alencar de Oliveira, Diego Afonso de Castro, Saulo de Souza Guerra Ferreira de Castro, Paula Costim and Cassia de Lima Pierobon from the Ministry of Economy (Secretaria de Comércio Exterior). And to Leandro Magalhaes Silva de Sousa, Gustavo Gerlach da Silva Ziemath and Cosmo Ferreira from the Ministry of Foreign affairs. The authors are also grateful to the OECD Working Party of the Trade Committee for useful guidance. Any errors or omissions are those of the authors.

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