Measuring distance to the SDG targets – Iceland

Based on 111 available indicators allowing a coverage of 90 of the 169 SDG targets, Iceland has currently achieved 17 of the 2030 targets, and many of the remaining distances to targets are small (Figure 2.27). For example, Iceland has already achieved the targets on adult information and communication technology skills, share of renewable energy consumption and air quality (measuring targets 4.4, 7.2 and 11.6). However, some challenges remain; Iceland is still very far (i.e. more than 3 standardised distances away) from meeting some 5% of the targets. These include energy intensity and compliance with conventions relating to hazardous waste (targets 7.3 and 12.4).

Figure 2.27. Iceland’s distance from achieving 90 SDG targets
Figure 2.27. Iceland’s distance from achieving 90 SDG targets

Note: The chart shows current level of achievement on each available target. The longer the bar, the shorter the distance still to be travelled to reach 2030 target (dotted circle). Targets are clustered by goal, and goals are clustered by the “5Ps” of the 2030 Agenda (outer circle).

Source: See www.oecd.org/sdd/OECD-Measuring-Distance-to-SDGs-Targets-Metadata.pdf for detailed metadata.

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933963367

The Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets Study is intended as an analytical tool to assist countries in identifying strengths and weaknesses across the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda, and as such differs in nature from Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) or other reporting processes. To ensure international comparability, indicators used in the Study are based on the UN Global List of Indicators on SDGs and are sourced from the UN SDG Database and OECD databases. VNRs typically use national indicators that reflect national circumstances and can be more up-to-date.

Figure 2.28, Panel A shows that Iceland is on average closest to reaching goals on Poverty Eradication, Climate and Infrastructure (goals 1, 13 and 9). On the other hand, Iceland is furthest from goals on Energy, Sustainable Production and Biodiversity (goals 7, 12 and 15). Relative to the OECD average, Iceland outperforms on all goals relating to People as well as goals on Economy, Infrastructure, and Reducing Inequality (goals 8, 9 and 10). Conversely, Iceland is relatively further away on goals such as Energy, Cities, Sustainable Production and Biodiversity (goals 7, 11, 12 and 15). However, considerable effort by the international statistical community will be key to fill the data gaps and allow a more accurate assessment (see Figure 2.28, Panel B). For example, if missing data were available on Sustainable Production, Oceans and Cities (goals 12, 14 and 11), Iceland’s performance on Planet and Prosperity could change from current assessments.

Figure 2.28. Iceland’s distance from targets and data coverage, by goal
Figure 2.28. Iceland’s distance from targets and data coverage, by goal

Note: Panel A shows the average distance the country needs to travel to reach each SDG. Distances are measured in standardised units (see Chapter 3 for details) with 0 indicating that the level for 2030 has already been attained: and 3 is the distance most OECD countries have already travelled. Bars show the average country performance against all targets under the relevant Goal for which data are available, and diamonds show the OECD average. Whiskers show uncertainties due to missing data, ranging from assuming that missing indicators are all 3 standardised distances from the 2030 target level to assuming that they are already at the target level. Panel B shows the share of targets covered by at least one indicator out of the 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda, according to the 17 goals and 5Ps.

Source: See www.oecd.org/sdd/OECD-Measuring-Distance-to-SDGs-Targets-Metadata.pdf for detailed metadata.

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933963386

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