copy the linklink copied!Acknowledgements

This report was jointly prepared by the OECD Environment Directorate (ENV), under the leadership of Rodolfo Lacy, Director, and the Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD), headed by Director Jorge Moreira da Silva. Kathleen Dominique (ENV) and Wiebke Bartz-Zuccala (DCD) managed and led the work to develop this publication. The core team responsible for drafting the publication included: Wiebke Bartz-Zuccala, Kathleen Dominique, Patrick Dougherty (DCD) and Chloé Desjonquères (ENV). Patrick Dougherty took the lead in researching, undertaking interviews, and drafting chapters 3 and 4 and the respective case studies. Chloé Desjonquères took the lead in researching, undertaking interviews and drafting chapter 2 and the respective case studies. Valuable inputs to earlier phases of the work were contributed by OECD colleagues, Tansher Singh and Carolyn Neunuebel. The work was undertaken under the supervision of Simon Buckle, Head of the Climate, Biodiversity and Water Division and Xavier Leflaive, Principal Administrator (ENV) as well as Haje Schütte, Senior Counsellor and Head of Financing for Sustainable Development Division and Paul Horrocks, Head of Private Finance for Sustainable Development Unit (DCD).

The OECD is grateful to the support, expertise and insights provided by Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (Sida) and in particular, Karin Lindblad, Programme Manager. The authoring team is also grateful to all those who contributed expert insights, case studies and examples in the course of developing this work, including: Clément Frenoux and Olivier Crespi Reghizzi (Agence française de développement), Alyse Schrecongost (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation), Amal Benaissa (BMCE Bank of Africa), Shubhagato Dasgupta and Ambarish Karunanithi (CPR India), Dinesh Mehta and Meera Meta (CEPT University), Konstant Bruinette (Development Bank of South Africa), Emilio Cattaneo (The Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund), Thomas van Gilst and Patricia Castellarnau (European Investment Bank), Fabiana Velasques de Paula Machado and Raul Muniz Castillo Larissa Denea (Inter-American Development Bank), Matsumoto Shigeyuki (Japan International Cooperation Agency) Kumar Ranganthan and Gail Chambers (Millenium Challenge Corporation), Sophie Trémolet (The Nature Conservancy), Reint-Jan Deblois (VEI) and Antoon Blokland (BBO), Lesley Pories (, Dean Muruven (WWF), and Ziyanda Mpakama and Elizabeth Yaari (Stockholm International Water Institute). The team would also like to thank Souraya Chenguelly (The Stone Family Foundation), Dominique Carrie (Social Finance), and Pritha Hariram and Neinke Uil (FMO) for interviews and insights that helped shape the work.

The report also benefitted immensely from comments provided by delegates from the OECD Working Party on Biodiversity, Water and Ecosystems (WPBWE), external experts and OECD colleagues, including: Simon Buckle, Juan Casado-Asensio, Paul Horrocks, Xavier Leflaive, Alexandre Martoussevitch, Nestor Pelechà Aigües and Haje Shütte (OECD Secretariat), Clément Frenoux and Olivier Crespi Reghizzi (AfD), Alyse Schrecongost (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation), Konstant Bruinette (DBSA), Fabiana Velasques de Paula Machado, Raul Munoz Castillo, Javier Garcia Merino, Yvon Mellinger and Sergio Campos (IADB), Mark Barnett (National Water Commission, Jamaica), Regina Rossmann (GIZ) and Shigeyuki Matsumoto and Chan Flerida (JICA), Brad Johnson (Resource Mobilisation Advisors), Lesley Pories (, Ella Lazarte (USAID).

The authors would also like to thank those that participated in the written consultation and provided feedback on preliminary findings in the course of the early stages of the project, including: Alex Money (Smith School, Oxford University), Monica Altamirano (Deltares), Arthur Wood (Total Impact Advisors), Karin Lindblad (Sida), Lesley Pories, Vedika Bhandarkar and Rich Thorsten (, Anton Earle (Stockholm International Water Institute) and Francois Brikke (Global Water Partnership).

In addition, the OECD would like to thank the organisations that supported or partnered with the OECD to convene various events that contributed to the development of this work, including: a dedicated session at the Stockholm World Water Week (August 2018), the OECD investor breakfast (September 2018), a joint conference with GIZ (October 2019), the 3rd meeting of the Roundtable on Financing Water (November 2018), the OECD/Sida hosted experts’ meeting during the OECD Private Finance for Sustainable Development Week (January 2019), a dedicated session in the margins of the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings (April 2019), and the 4th meeting of the Roundtable for Financing Water (June 2019).

A special thanks to the communications team for their dedicated support on the publication and related outreach, in particular, Sama Al Taher Cucci (ENV). The authors also extend their gratitude to Ines Reale (ENV) for excellent administrative support.


This work is published under the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of OECD member countries.

This document, as well as any data and map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.

The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

Photo credits: Cover © Anna Vaczi/

Corrigenda to publications may be found on line at:

© OECD 2019

The use of this work, whether digital or print, is governed by the Terms and Conditions to be found at