Country profile: Croatia

Geography, population and living standards

Area (sq. km)

56 594


4 144 559

Population density (sq. km)


Urban population


Population growth rate

-1.2 (2017 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.4 (2016 est.)

Life expectancy

78.3 (2018)

Ethnic groups

Croats 90.4%, Serbs (4.36%), and 21 other ethnicities (less than 1% each).


State structure

Parliamentary Republic


President elected by popular vote every 5 years

The prime minister of Croatia is appointed by the National Assembly



Sabor representatives (MPs): 100 to 160; elected by popular vote to 4 year terms


Last parliamentary elections: September 2016 (next to be held: December 2020)

Last presidential elections: January 2015 (next to be held: January 2020)

Political situation

The current government led by prime minister Andrej Plenković is a centre-right/liberal coalition of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Croatian People’s Party (HNS)

Legal system

Civil law system; legal appeals are made to the Supreme Court

Administrative-territorial structure

Croatia is a unitary state with three levels of governance: 21 regional government units; 428 municipalities and 127 towns on local level

Source: Eurostat database; the World Bank database; Economist Intelligence Unit; the CIA World Factbook. (2019).

End of the section – Back to iLibrary publication page