Acronyms and abbreviations

ALSPAC

Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

AUD

Australian Dollar

BHBM

Be [email protected], Be Mobile

BMI

Body mass index

BoP

Back of pack

CATCH

Coordinated Approach to Child Health in the United States

CFBAI

Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative

CI

Confidence interval

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

C4F

Change4Life

DALY

Disability-adjusted life year

EDNP

Energy-dense, nutrient-poor

EBT

Electronic benefit card

EO

Economic outlook

EU

European Union

EU28

The 28 member states of the European Union

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

Fad

Food Advertising Regulation

FLab

Food Labelling

FoP

Front of pack

GBP

Great Britain Pound

GDA

Guideline daily amount

GDP

Gross domestic product

GP

General practitioner

GPA

Grade point average

G20

The Group of Twenty

HALE

Healthy life expectancy

HBSC

Health-Behaviours in School-based Children (survey)

HE

Health expenditure

HFCS

High-fructose corn syrup

HHFKA

Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act

HIP

Healthy Incentives Pilot

iDAT

Diet and Activity Tracker

IFBA

International Food and Beverage Alliance

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

HPB

Health Promotion Board

LY

Life year

LE

Life expectancy

MAp

Mobile application

MD

Mean difference

MLa

Menu labelling

MM

Mass media campaigns

NCD

Non-communicable disease

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NSC

National Steps Challenge

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OECD SPHeP NCDs

OECD Strategic Public Health Planning for NCDs

PA

Physical activity

PACE

Physical activity calorie equivalent

PaP

Physical activity prescription

PaSc

School-based programs

PaSe

Workplace programmes to reduce sedentary behaviour

PaTr

Expanding public transportation

PaW

Workplace wellness programmes

PHO

Partially hydrogenated oils

PISA

Programme for International Student Assessment

PNNS

Programme National Nutrition Santé

PPP

Purchasing power parity

R&D

Research and development

RII

Relative index of inequality

RR

Relative risk

SES

Socioeconomic status

SNAP

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SNBR

Syndicat National des Boissons Rafraichissantes

SSB

Sugar-sweetened beverage

UN

United Nations

USD

United States Dollars

WCRFI

World Cancer Research Fund International

WHO

World Health Organization

Acronyms and abbreviations