Preface

Public integrity is an important element of good governance. It fosters trust in public institutions and supports effective public policies. Furthermore, it promotes the efficient use of public resources for the provision of services, which, in turn, helps improve standards of living. Likewise, public integrity helps make public institutions more resilient and strengthens their capacity to prevent capture. The current moment calls on governments to step up their efforts to strengthen integrity. Governments all over the world are struggling to respond to the social and economic consequences of COVID-19. Such responses will only be effective and support economic recovery if they serve their intended objectives, privilege the public interest, and are managed with integrity. The OECD stands side-by-side with Mexico and its federal states to strengthen integrity and, by so doing, promote better policies for better lives.

In the last few decades, fighting corruption and promoting integrity has gained relevance in the international agenda and fora such as the G20. It has also been on the policy agenda of Mexico, both at national and sub-national level. Indeed, state and local governments in Mexico are in charge of providing multiple public services and represent the “first window” for citizens. In consequence, integrity in state and local governments can strongly influence the perception of citizens about the integrity of public institutions and the way they interact with their authorities.

The OECD works with its Member and Partner countries to support their public integrity systems through tailored reviews that identify weaknesses and make recommendations for improvements. It also accompanies countries in designing and implementing reforms, develops standards based on good practices and peer learning, and collects data for comparative analysis.

In Mexico, the OECD has made an important contribution to the public integrity agenda in recent years, through reviews that make recommendations to strengthen the national and state anti-corruption systems. These reviews have achieved tangible results. In the State of Coahuila, for example, the OECD review provided the basis for the sectoral programme on audit and accountability. In Mexico City, OECD recommendations led to updated guidelines on internal control. Thanks to the commitment of the Government of the State of Mexico, this OECD Review is also achieving concrete results. For example, in 2021 the Office of the Comptroller-General (SECOGEM) launched a review of the Code of Ethics for state public officials and the role of Ethics Committees. Additionally, the Anti-corruption Policy of the State of Mexico and Municipalities includes an axis on public ethics and integrity, which builds on the contents of the National Anti-corruption Policy.

OECD work in Mexico has found specific policies that need to be upgraded to strengthen public integrity, such as internal control and whistle-blower protection. The OECD Recommendation of the Council on Public Integrity and the experiences of our Member and Partner countries illustrate good practices that could help Mexico and its federal states to progress in these and other policies that contribute to creating a culture of integrity, influencing positively the behaviours of public officials.

We are glad to have the opportunity to contribute to Mexico’s initiatives to promote public integrity, particularly with federal states such as the State of Mexico, which is a leader amongst Mexico’s state governments in the establishment of an anti-corruption system.

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Elsa PILICHOWSKI

Director, OECD Public Governance Directorate

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