Czech Republic

As set out in its strategy, the Czech Republic sees development co-operation as a way of contributing to the reduction of poverty and inequality in the world while promoting its national interests; strengthening its security; and laying the groundwork for stronger political, trade and investment relations and for economic diplomacy. It focuses its official development assistance (ODA) in six priority countries, three of which are least developed countries (LDCs).

The 2019 OECD-DAC mid-term review found that the Czech Republic is focusing limited bilateral resources on fewer sectors and countries and is updating its rules and procedures for both development and humanitarian programming. It has introduced a new tool to integrate better cross-cutting issues into programmes, is starting to link bilateral and multilateral partnerships at the country level, and is strengthening its evaluation system. Learn more about the Czech Republic’s 2019 OECD-DAC mid-term review.

The Czech Republic’s 2018-2030 Development Cooperation Strategy sets out five thematic priorities: 1) building stable and democratic institutions; 2) sustainable management of natural resources; 3) agriculture and rural development; 4) inclusive social development; and 5) economic growth. The policy identifies the Czech Republic’s partner countries as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Georgia, Moldova, and Zambia. Three of these are LDCs. The Czech Republic puts a special emphasis on ensuring the coherence between development co-operation and humanitarian activities (development-humanitarian nexus).

The Czech Republic provided more ODA in 2019 than in the previous year. Total ODA on a grant-equivalent basis stood at USD 306 million (preliminary data), representing 0.13% of the Czech Republic’s gross national income (GNI) in 2019.1 The increase of 2.6% in real terms from 2018 was due to a slight increase in its contributions to the World Bank. The Czech Republic ranked 27th among DAC member countries in relation to its ODA/GNI ratio in 2019. The Czech Republic is committed to a gradual increase in ODA/GNI and will strive to reach the intermediary target agreed at the European Union (EU) level of 0.33% of GNI by 2030. It has also committed, at the European level, to collectively achieve a 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Under the cash-flow methodology used in the past, net and gross ODA were USD 306 million in 2019. Within the Czech Republic’s gross ODA portfolio in 2019, 99.3% was provided in the form of grants and 0.7% in the form of non-grants.2

The Czech Republic provides the vast majority of its ODA to multilateral entities, primarily the EU institutions. While its ODA has increased for the past four years, current rates of growth will be insufficient to reach its target to provide 0.33% of GNI allocated as ODA by 2030. See the methodological notes for details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied.

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In 2018, the largest proportion of the Czech Republic’s ODA (67%) was provided as core contributions to multilateral organisations, including the EU institutions. Gross bilateral ODA was 33% of total ODA, of which 24% was channelled through multilateral organisations (earmarked contributions).

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In 2018, the Czech Republic decreased its total support (core and earmarked contributions) to multilateral organisations. It provided USD 229 million of gross ODA to the multilateral system, a fall of 10% in real terms from 2017. Of this, USD 205 million was core multilateral ODA and the rest was earmarked for a specific country, region, theme or purpose. Project aid earmarked for a specific project or purpose (tight earmarking) accounted for 19% of the Czech Republic’s non-core contributions, while the remaining 81% was softly earmarked (to pooled funds and specific-purpose programmes and funds).

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In 2018, the Czech Republic’s total contribution to multilateral organisations was mainly allocated to the EU institutions, the United Nations (UN) and the World Bank Group. These contributions together accounted for more than 97% of the Czech Republic’s total support to the multilateral system. The UN system received 8% of total multilateral contributions, mainly through core contributions. Out of a total gross volume of USD 18 million to the UN system, the top three UN recipients of the Czech Republic’s support (core and earmarked contributions) were: the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (USD 4 million), the Food and Agriculture Organization (USD 2 million), and the UN Department of Peace Operations (USD 2 million).

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Note: See the list of UN acronyms.

See the section on “Geographic and thematic focus of ODA” for the geographical and thematic breakdown of bilateral allocations earmarked through the multilateral development system. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

In 2018, the Czech Republic increased its bilateral spending compared to the previous year. It provided USD 100 million as gross bilateral ODA (including earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations), which represented an increase of 13.5% in real terms from 2017.

In 2018, country programmable aid was 39% of the Czech Republic’s gross bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 49%.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation.

In 2018, the Czech Republic channelled its bilateral ODA mainly through the public sector and multilateral organisations, as earmarked funding.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation; PPP: public-private partnership.

In 2018, civil society organisations (CSOs) received USD 23 million of gross bilateral ODA. One per cent of gross bilateral ODA was allocated to CSOs as core contributions and 22% was channelled through CSOs to implement projects initiated by the Czech Republic (earmarked funding). Between 2017 and 2018, core and earmarked contributions to CSOs increased as a share of bilateral ODA, from 22% to 23%. Learn more about ODA allocations to and through CSOs and civil society engagement in development co-operation.

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In 2018, the Czech Republic’s bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Europe. USD 26 million was allocated to ODA-eligible countries in Europe, accounting for 26% of gross bilateral ODA. USD 20 million was allocated to Asia (with a focus on the Middle East and South and Central Asia) and USD 12 million was allocated to Africa (almost exclusively to sub-Saharan Africa), accounting respectively for 20% and 12% of gross bilateral ODA. Bilateral allocations to sub-Saharan Africa are increasing in line with government policy. Europe was the region receiving most of the Czech Republic’s earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations. Forty-one per cent of gross bilateral ODA was unspecified by region in 2018.

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Bilateral ODA by recipient country

In 2018, 36% of gross bilateral ODA went to the Czech Republic’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients include five of its six priority countries as well as countries in its immediate neighbourhood, Central Asia, or sub-Saharan Africa. One priority country, Cambodia does not yet feature in the top 10. The share of gross bilateral ODA that was not allocated by country was 45%.

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In 2018, the LDCs received 16% of the Czech Republic’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 16 million). This is below the DAC country average of 24%. The Czech Republic allocated the highest share of gross bilateral ODA (19.6%) to upper middle-income countries in 2018, noting that 45% was unallocated by income group. The Czech Republic allocated 0.4% of gross bilateral ODA to small island developing states in 2018, equal to USD 0.4 million.

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Note: LDC: least developed country; LIC: low-income country; LMIC: lower middle-income country; UMIC: upper middle-income country; MADCTs: more advanced developing countries and territories.

Support to fragile contexts reached USD 21 million of gross bilateral ODA in 2018 (20.6% of gross bilateral ODA). Extremely fragile contexts received 71.5% of this amount. Learn more about support to fragile contexts on the States of Fragility platform.

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Note: The chart represents only gross bilateral ODA that is allocated by country.

In 2018, most of the Czech Republic’s bilateral ODA was allocated to social infrastructure. Investments in this area accounted for 29% of bilateral ODA commitments (USD 30 million), mainly on government and civil society (USD 14 million) and education (USD 9 million). Bilateral humanitarian aid amounted to USD 17 million (17% of bilateral ODA). Earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations also focused on social infrastructure and services and humanitarian aid in 2018.

The Czech Republic committed USD 9.1 million (12.8% of bilateral allocable aid) to promote aid for trade and improve developing countries’ trade performance and integration into the world economy in 2018.

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In 2018, the Czech Republic committed 30% of its bilateral allocable aid to gender equality and women’s empowerment as either a principal or significant objective (down from 71% in 2017),3 compared with the DAC country average of 42%. This is equal to USD 15 million of bilateral ODA commitments in support of gender equality. Out of this, the share of bilateral allocable aid committed to gender equality and women’s empowerment as a principal objective was 4%, equal to the DAC country average. A significantly higher share of interventions on social infrastructure and services addresses gender equality than those on economic infrastructure. The Czech Republic screens a majority of its activities against the gender marker (69.3% in 2018). Learn more about ODA focused on gender equality and the DAC Network on Gender Equality.

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In 2018, the Czech Republic committed 17% of its bilateral allocable aid (USD 12 million) in support of the environment as either a principal or significant objective, down from 19% in 2017 (the DAC country average was 33%). Five per cent focused on environmental issues as a principal objective, compared with the DAC country average of 11%. Eleven per cent (USD 8 million) focused on climate change as either a principal or significant objective, the same level as 2017 (the DAC country average was 26%). The Czech Republic has a greater focus on adaptation (8%) than on mitigation (4% in 2018). Learn more about climate-related development finance.

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In 2018, the Czech Development Agency (CzDA) mobilised USD 1.4 million from the private sector through simple co-financing arrangements in the context of its Business to Business (B2B) programme.

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Of the country-allocable finance mobilised from the private sector in 2017-18, 87% targeted middle-income countries and 13% the LDCs.

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Note: LDC: least developed country; LMIC: lower middle-income country; UMIC: upper middle-income country.

The Czech Republic’s private finance in 2017-18 mobilised mainly related to activities in the business and other services (59%); water and sanitation (18%); and agriculture, forestry and fishing (7%). Learn more about the amounts mobilised from the private sector for development.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ (MFA) mandate is to lead, co-ordinate and oversee the delivery of the Czech Republic’s official development assistance according to the 2010 Act on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid. Since 2010, the ministry has consolidated its position as the institutional leader of the development co-operation system. CzechAid implements bilateral country programmes and bilateral grants through calls for proposals. New operational guidance sets out a clear division of labour between the MFA and CzechAid, as well as the embassies, implementers, the Council for Development Cooperation and the public.

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The evaluation function of the Czech Republic is embedded in the Department of Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of the MFA. Annual evaluation plans are approved by the Council for Development Co-operation and all evaluation reports are published on the MFA website. Evaluations are conducted in accordance with the OECD-DAC criteria. Currently, a review assessing the long-term impact and sustainability of projects is examining the cross-cutting principles of the Czech development co-operation and visibility. Evaluators are required to provide a written declaration of independence. Read more about the Czech Republic’s evaluation system.

Evaluation coverage is strategic, with five to six evaluations carried out per year and a recent focus on evaluating funding instruments. The final reports are discussed, recommendations are reviewed and responded to, and implementation is checked after one year. In 2019, the following programmes were evaluated: Development Partnership Programme for the Private Sector; temporary expert assignments; a programme that sends Czech teachers to developing countries; and triangular co-operation. As follow-up to the evaluations’ recommendations, a new methodology and two strategic frameworks were developed. Read the Czech Republic’s evaluation plan.

Visit the DAC Evaluation Resource Centre website for evaluations of Czech development co-operation.

Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

2019 OECD-DAC mid-term review of the Czech Republic: https://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/DAC-mid-term-Czech-Republic-2019.pdf

2016 OECD-DAC peer review of the Czech Republic: https://www.oecd.org/dac/oecd-development-co-operation-peer-reviews-czech-republic-2016-9789264264939-en.htm

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid: www.mzv.cz/aid

CzechAid: www.czechaid.cz/en

Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 2013.

The methodological notes provide further details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied, including the grant-equivalent methodology, core and earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, country programmable aid, channels of delivery, bilateral ODA unspecified/unallocated, bilateral allocable aid, the gender equality policy marker, and the environment markers.

← 1. DAC members adopted the grant-equivalent methodology starting from their reporting of 2018 data as a more accurate way to count the provider’s effort in development loans. See the methodological notes for further details.

← 2. All 2019 statistics in this paragraph are expressed in current prices and, therefore, they may differ from values in the ODA volume chart, which uses constant prices. Non-grants include sovereign loans, multilateral loans, equity investment and loans to the private sector.

← 3. The use of the recommended minimum criteria for the marker by some members in recent years can result in lower levels of aid reported as being focused on gender equality.

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https://doi.org/10.1787/2dcf1367-en

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