Turkey started its better regulation agenda in the early 2000s. The “By-Law on Principles and Procedures of Drafting Legislation” decree issued 17 February 2006 by the Council of Ministers (referred to as the By-Law), is the foundational framework for improving and maintaining legal and regulatory quality in Turkey. The By-Law is currently under revision following amendments made in the Turkish Constitution in 2017 which took effect in 2018.

There is no evidence of consultation open to the general public in Turkey over the last few years, such as consultations conducted online or for a wider audience. Stakeholder engagement could be improved by instituting a systematic approach to open consultation on new regulatory proposals, as well as through the creation of early warning documents, which inform the public of upcoming consultations.

The review of existing regulations is not yet a formal part of Turkey’s regulatory management practices. There are ad hoc opportunities for regulators to receive complaints from affected parties, although it is up to the individual ministry to determine whether anything further will be done with them. Ex post evaluations should be systemised to inform new policy design as well as assess whether existing regulations are meeting their objectives.

Currently RIA is not applied to any primary laws. RIA only applies to subordinate regulations if the President requires it to be undertaken.

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