Lithuania

Having become an official provider of development co-operation in 2004, Lithuania carries out continuous and effective development co-operation activities aimed at contributing to the implementation of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), giving priority to poverty reduction, quality education, gender equality, mitigation of impacts of climate change, peace and justice, effective institutions, and partnerships for the implementation of the SDGs. Lithuania’s development co-operation, as an integral part of its foreign policy, is concentrated on the European Union’s (EU) Eastern Partnership, as well as countries of migration origin and transit. With a volume of official development assistance (ODA) that has remained relatively stable over recent years, Lithuania’s development co-operation is mainly disbursed through multilateral channels and aims to share the lessons of its own transition experience with partner countries. Moreover, by implementing its international ODA commitments, Lithuania intends to achieve a target of 0.33% ODA/GNI by 2030. Lithuania has been actively involved in the fight against COVID-19, mainly by allocating funds for research and innovative solutions and the development of vaccines, as well as supporting EU and United Nations (UN) institutions and delivering bilaterally different forms of assistance to the countries severely affected by the pandemic.

Please note that 2020 preliminary and 2019 data in the text are provided in current prices whereas the charts reflect all data in constant 2018 USD, in order for the data to be comparable over time. Find the methodological notes behind the profile here.

The Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid, adopted in 2013 and updated in 2016 and 2020, provides the overarching framework for Lithuania’s development co-operation. The latest amendments to the law envisage more flexible, responsive and results-oriented delivery of bilateral aid by establishing a special fund that aims to create conditions to implement large-scale and value-added projects and programmes, including EU-funded ones, and mobilise private funds.

The overarching goal of the ongoing strategic policy review process is to contribute to the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development, with the following specific objectives: ensuring peace, promoting global economic growth and social stability, reducing disparities between developed and developing countries, and integrating developing countries into the global economy. To implement the strategic policy, Lithuania’s inter-institutional Development Co-operation Action Plan provides a road map until 2022, in line with the core principles of partner country ownership, solidarity, efficiency, transparency and responsibility, co-ordination and complementarity, and policy coherence. The plan provides development co-operation policy guidelines and means for their implementation, which are updated and adjusted annually to mobilise the efforts and funds of national and municipal authorities in implementing the objectives of Lithuania’s development co-operation policy. In addition, Lithuania is working towards reforming its development co-operation system to strengthen its effectiveness. Most of Lithuania’s multilateral ODA is disbursed as core or softly earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, in line with its international obligations and policy focus. For bilateral programming, key sectors include education, governance and civil society. Lithuania is an Adherent to the OECD Recommendation of the Council for Development Co-operation Actors on Managing the Risk of Corruption.

Lithuania provided USD 67 million (preliminary data),1 representing 0.12% of gross national income (GNI) in 2020. This was a decrease of 3.8% in real terms in volume and down from 0.13% of GNI in 2019. The government has committed to strive to achieve a 0.33% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Total ODA on a grant-equivalent basis has the same value as net ODA under the cash-flow methodology used in the past, as Lithuania provides only grants.

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In 2019, Lithuania provided more of its ODA multilaterally. Gross bilateral ODA was 17.7% of total ODA, of which 13.2% was channelled through multilateral organisations (earmarked contributions). Lithuania allocated 82.3% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations.

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In 2019, Lithuania provided USD 57.2 million of gross ODA to the multilateral system, an increase of 6.5% in real terms from 2018. Of this, USD 55.7 million was core multilateral ODA, while non-core contributions were earmarked for a specific country, region, theme or purpose.

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In 2019, Lithuania’s total contribution to multilaterals was mainly allocated to the EU institutions, the UN and the World Bank Group. These contributions together accounted for more than 98.6% of Lithuania’s total support to the multilateral system. The UN system received 4.8%, mainly through core contributions. Out of a total volume of USD 2.8 million to the UN system, the top three UN recipients of Lithuania’s support (core and earmarked contributions) were the UN Secretariat (USD 900 000), the Food and Agriculture Organization (USD 300 000), and the World Health Organization (USD 300 000).

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See the section on Geographic and thematic focus of ODA for the geographical and thematic breakdown of bilateral allocations earmarked through the multilateral development system. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

In 2019, Lithuania increased its bilateral spending compared to the previous year. It provided USD 12 million of gross bilateral ODA (which includes earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations). This represented an increase of 2.6% in real terms from 2018. Technical co-operation made up 10.3% of gross bilateral ODA in 2019. In 2020, providers of development co-operation started voluntarily reporting to the OECD data on how ODA focuses on the SDGs for 2019 activities. In 2019, Lithuania focused most of its bilateral ODA on addressing the education and the peace, justice and strong institutions goals of the 2030 Agenda.

In 2019, country programmable aid was 42.7% of Lithuania’s gross bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 48%. In-donor refugee costs were USD 1.3 million in 2019, an increase of 5.5% in real terms over 2018, and represented 1.8% of Lithuania’s total gross ODA.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation.

In 2019, Lithuania channelled bilateral ODA mainly through the public sector, universities and multilateral organisations, as earmarked funding.

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In 2019, civil society organisations (CSOs) received USD 900 000 of gross bilateral ODA. Of this, 1.3% was allocated to CSOs as core contributions and 5.9% was channelled through CSOs to implement projects initiated by the provider (earmarked funding). Between 2018 and 2019, core and earmarked contributions to CSOs increased as a share of bilateral ODA, from 5.8% to 7.3%. Learn more about ODA allocations to and through CSOs and civil society engagement in development co-operation.

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In 2019, Lithuania’s bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Europe and Asia. USD 6.2 million was allocated to ODA-eligible countries in Europe and USD 1.5 million to Asia, accounting respectively for 51.2% and 12.7% of gross bilateral ODA. A further USD 200 000 was allocated to Africa, accounting for 1.6% of gross bilateral ODA. Europe was also the main regional recipient of Lithuania’s earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, in line with the policy priorities of its overall strategy. Thirty-two per cent of gross bilateral ODA was unspecified by region in 2019.

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Bilateral ODA by recipient country

In 2019, 60.3% of gross bilateral ODA went to Lithuania’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients are in Europe and Asia, in line with its focus on its immediate neighbourhood and its policy priorities. The share of gross bilateral ODA that was not allocated by country was 34.9%.

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Note: LDC: least developed country; LMIC: lower middle-income country; UMIC: upper middle-income country; MADCTs: more advanced developing countries and territories.

In 2019, most of Lithuania’s bilateral ODA was allocated to social infrastructure and services. Investments in this area accounted for 43.4% of bilateral ODA commitments (USD 5.2 million), with a strong focus on support to education (USD 4 million) and government and civil society (USD 1 million). ODA for economic infrastructure and services totalled USD 600 000. Bilateral humanitarian aid amounted to USD 1.5 million (12.2% of bilateral ODA). Earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations focused also on social infrastructure and services in 2019.

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In 2019, Lithuania committed 68.3% of its screened bilateral allocable aid to gender equality and women’s empowerment overall, as either a principal or significant objective (up from 59.6% in 2018),2 compared with the DAC country average of 42%. This is equal to USD 2.6 million of bilateral ODA in support of gender equality. Out of this, the share of screened bilateral allocable aid committed to gender equality and women’s empowerment as a principal objective was 7.4%, compared with the DAC country average of 39%. A significantly higher share of interventions on health and government and civil society address gender equality than those on economic infrastructure. Lithuania screens a large part of its activities against the gender marker (53.8% in 2019). Learn more about ODA focused on gender equality and the DAC Network on Gender Equality.

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The Law on Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid, adopted in 2013 and updated in 2016 and 2020, provides the framework for Lithuania’s development co-operation policy and outlines its mission, goals, principles, priorities, responsibilities and financing. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for implementing and co-ordinating Lithuania’s development co-operation and takes an active role in encouraging national and municipal authorities and bodies, non-governmental organisations, and the private sector to take a stronger role in implementing the 2030 Agenda in partner countries. In 2017, to improve the quality and effectiveness of its ODA, project management functions were partly transferred from the ministry to the Central Project Management Agency to develop gradually into a full-fledged Lithuanian Development Co-operation Agency. In 2017, representatives of business associations were also incorporated into the National Development Co-operation Commission, which plays a key role in ensuring policy coherence for development. Twenty-seven governmental bodies, other public institutions, private sector organisations and CSOs have committed to implement development-related actions and allocate funds for development co-operation.

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Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

Development Cooperation Department: www.orangeprojects.lt/en

Member of the OECD since 2018. Not a member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Reporting to the OECD since 2001 and reporting activity-level data since 2015 on 2014 activities.

The methodological notes provide further details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied, including the grant-equivalent methodology, core and earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, country programmable aid, channels of delivery, bilateral ODA unspecified/unallocated, bilateral allocable aid, the gender equality policy marker, and the environment markers.

Notes

← 1. DAC members adopted the grant-equivalent methodology starting from their reporting of 2019 data as a more accurate way to count the donor effort in development loans. See the methodological notes for further details.

← 2. The use of the recommended minimum criteria for the marker by some members in recent years can result in lower levels of aid reported as being focused on gender equality.

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