In the last decade, Argentina has made efforts to enhance digital access and use for all. Internet users, active mobile broadband and fixed broadband subscriptions increased. The country has progressed in the digital transformation of government, ranking among the most advanced countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in terms of open government data policies, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) OURdata Index.

In terms of promoting an inclusive digital society, challenges remain, including the number of computers available to students. Trust in online privacy and e-commerce safety have increased in the past decade but remain below LAC averages. In terms of enabling digital innovation, both the share of information and communications technology (ICT) service imports and high-technology exports as a share of total manufactured exports fell in the period 2008-18.

The digital agenda (DA) Agenda Digital Argentina, which is in line with the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is the basis for governing the digital transformation of the country. The DA aims to take advantage of digital technologies to achieve the full digital inclusion of all citizens, improve economic productivity and competitiveness, and put the state at the service of citizens. It will continue to be revised under the government that assumed power in December 2019.

Among initiatives to promote the digital transformation, the Aprender Conectados (Learn connected) programme encourages innovation in education and digital alphabetisation, offering digital education, programming and robotics classes in kindergarten and primary and secondary education. Programa País Digital (Digital nation programme) aims to modernise public administration, improve quality of services, and promote transparency, digital inclusion and innovation, in co-ordination with municipal governments. Puntos Digitales (Digital points) continue to work within the framework, providing connectivity, training and access to new information and communications technologies. In 2019, Argentina launched the Cybersecurity National Strategy to provide safe cyberspace for individuals and public and private organisations, and renewed the regime that promotes the knowledge-based economy. Argentina also launched the Plan Industry 4.0, involving various ministries, to enhance the industrial sector’s competitiveness through adoption of digital technologies. To combat the coronavirus (Covid-19), the government launched the Coronavirus Argentina app Cuidar for citizens to self-assess symptoms. Additionally, the Ministry of Public Innovation, along with the Ministry of Health and Facebook, launched a chatbot to provide official information and updates (CAF, 2020).

In terms of international co-operation, the Argentine Fund for International Cooperation (FO.AR) is responsible for South-South, triangular and multilateral initiatives. Through FO.AR, Argentina co-operated with Panama on a project to develop photogrammetry and digital mapping techniques and processes.

The Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation held the 11th Joint Steering Committee on co-operation on science and technology between the European Union (EU) and Argentina in 2019. They agreed to continue developing common principles and the framework conditions needed to create a level playing field in order to co-operate on research and innovation. Argentina and the EU also co-operate on developing the digital economy, holding an initial meeting in 2018, with a second expected in 2020. Argentina and the EU are co-operating on the International Digital Cooperation project on data protection and data flows to enable the development of a safe and right-based international digital sphere. Argentina and the EU also co-operate with Colombia on a project financed by Adelante to group and digitalise biometric data. There is also a regional project on digitisation and data protection under the Partnership Instrument, which will update the legislative and regulatory framework, striving for more alignment with the EU.


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