copy the linklink copied!Mexico

This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.

Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations.

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The national currency is the peso (MXN). In 2019, MXN 19.22 were equal to USD 1. That year, the estimated earnings of the average worker are MXN 131 626 (Secretariat estimate).

copy the linklink copied!1. Personal Income Tax

1.1. Central government income tax

1.1.1. Tax unit

Each person is taxed separately.

1.1.2. Tax allowances and tax credits Standard tax reliefs

There are two basic allowances, a yearly holiday bonus and an end-of-year bonus.

  • Holiday Bonus: Mexico's Labour Law stipulates a minimum holiday bonus of 25% of six days of the worker’s wage. The maximum exemption according to the Tax Law is equivalent to 15 UMAs.1

  • End-of-year bonus: The minimum end-of-year bonus established in the Labour Law is 15 days of the worker’s wage. The Tax Law exempts end-of-year-bonuses up to 30 UMAs. Main non-standard tax reliefs


  • Compulsory school transportation costs.

  • Medical expenses (doctor, dental, psychology and nutrition fees and hospital expenses): For expenses made by the taxpayer on behalf of his or her spouse and straight line relatives, the deduction is allowed only if the taxpayer´s relative earns less than the minimum annual wage.

  • Complementary contributions of certain retirement accounts are considered eligible as long as they do not exceed 10% of taxable income and MXN 154 110 (5 annual UMAs).

  • Funeral expenses: for the spouse and straight-line relatives up to 1 annual UMA.

  • Charitable donations made to institutions such as:

    • Federal, state, and municipal governments.

    • Non-profit organisations involved in the fields of social beneficence, education, culture, and research and technology.

  • Deposits on special savings accounts, payments of insurance premium of pension plans, and for the acquisition of shares of investment societies as long as they do not exceed MXN 152 000.

  • Health insurance premiums for individuals, if the beneficiary is the taxpayer, and/or his family.

  • Real interest expenditure of mortgage loans if the value of the property does not exceed MXN 4 694 720. Real interest expenditure is defined as the excess of interest expense over the inflation rate.

  • Deduction of taxpayer's educational expenditures for himself, on behalf of his/her spouse, parents or children, among others, for the following educational levels.

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Educational Level

Maximum Annual Deduction (MXN)

Kinder Garden

14 200

Primary Education

12 900

Secondary Education

19 900

Technical Profession

17 100

High School

24 500

Since 2016, the limit amount for personal deductions was increased. The new limit is the minimum between 15% of taxpayer's gross income and an amount equivalent to 5 annual UMAs (MXN 154 110 in 2019). The limit does not apply to private school´s tuition, charity donations, complementary contributions to retirement´s personal accounts, professional fees, and medical expenses in the event of incapacity or disability. Employment subsidy credit

The employment subsidy credit is decreasing on workers´ income and is assigned based on a table of income brackets. For monthly income higher than MXN 7 382 no employment subsidy credit is given. Employees with an income tax lower than the credit receive in cash the difference along with their salary. The rest of the workers that receive the credit are entitled to a reduction in their tax burden. The employment subsidy credit is paid by the employers who may credit it against their tax liabilities; the credit therefore represents a fiscal cost for the government.

1.1.3. Tax schedule and other tables Tax schedule

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Taxable income (MXN)

Fixed quota (MXN)

Tax on the amount in excess of the lower limit (%)

Lower Limit

Upper Limit


6 942.20



6 942.21

58 922.16



58 922.17

103 550.44

3 460.01


103 550.45

120 372.83

8 315.57


120 372.84

144 119.23

11 007.14


144 119.24

290 667.75

15 262.49


290 667.76

458 132.29

46 565.26


458 132.30

874 650.00

85 952.92


874 650.01

1 166 200.00

210 908.23


1 166 200.01

3 498 600.00

304 204.21


3 498 600.01

And over

1 097 220.21


The income tax schedule are updated once the accumulated inflation reaches 10%. The last updated was in 2018. Employment subsidy credit table

For annual taxable income in a certain income range, the employment subsidy credit is given in the third column of the following table:

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Lower limit (MXN)

Upper limit (MXN)

Tax credit (MXN)


21 227.52

4 884.24

21 227.53

31 840.56

4 881.96

31 840.57

41 674.08

4 879.44

41 674.09

42 454.44

4 713.24

42 454.45

53 353.80

4 589.52

53 353.81

56 606.16

4 250.76

56 606.17

64 025.04

3 898.44

64 025.05

74 696.04

3 535.56

74 696.05

85 366.80

3 042.48

85 366.81

88 587.96

2 611.32

88 587.97

And Over


1.2. State and local income taxes

States do not levy taxes on income.

1.3. Payroll taxes

Mexico does not have a Federal pay-roll tax. However, most States apply a state pay-roll tax with an average rate of 2.41 %. These taxes are not considered in this Report since there are a wide range of practices with respect to the definition of the tax base that does not allow obtaining a reliable estimation.

copy the linklink copied!2. Compulsory Social Security Contributions to Schemes Operated within the Government Sector

2.1. Employees’ contributions

Social security contributions are divided as follows:

For sickness and maternity insurance, 0.625% of the workers monthly wage, plus 0.40% of the amount in excess of 3 UMAs. For disability and life insurance, 0.625% of the monthly wage.

In 2019, a ceiling of 25 UMAs applies to the salary that is used to calculate the social security contributions.

2.2. Employers’ contributions

  • For sickness and maternity 20.40% of the UMA, plus 1.10% of the amount in excess of 3 UMAs, plus 1.75% of the monthly wage.

  • For disability and life insurance, 1.75% of worker’s monthly wage.

  • For social services and nursery, 1% of worker’s monthly wage.

  • For insurance for work injuries of employees, 2.037% of worker’s monthly wage.2

In 2019, a ceiling of 25 UMAs applies to the salary that is used to calculate the social security contributions.

copy the linklink copied!3. Universal Cash Transfers

3.1. Transfers related to marital status


3.2. Transfers for dependent children


copy the linklink copied!4. Main Changes in the Tax/Benefit System since 1995

The Social Security Law enacted in July 1997 changed fundamentally the financing of non-government employees’ social security, which shifted from a pay-as-you-go scheme to funded individual accounts. The government does not manage these accounts; new private financial institutions were created specifically for this purpose. However, the contractual obligation is between the workers and the government, not with the private administrator of the funds, because legally they are still considered as contributions to social security, independently of who manages the funds. It should be noted that the federal government also contributes to each pension account, and guarantees a minimum pension to every beneficiary of the social security system, independently of the administration of the funds as well.

copy the linklink copied!5. Memorandum Items

5.1. Method used to identify an average worker and to calculate his gross earnings

The income data refer to average workers. It should be noted that in the sample used for this survey, medium and large size firms are over-represented. In Mexico, there are no state or local government income taxes. Information on non-standard tax reliefs is not available.

Figures for 1999 and subsequent years cannot be compared with preliminary figures from previous editions of this publication for two reasons: first, the wage level of the average worker is now based on observed data instead of being estimated; second, social security contributions taken into account no longer include contributions made by employers and employees to privately managed individual accounts. Contributions no longer included in the calculation of social security contributions are specified in the table below.

5.2. Main employees’ and employers' contributions to private pension, health, etc. schemes

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% of workers’ monthly wage

Employers’ contributions



Discharge and old age insurance


Housing Fund (INFONAVIT)


Employees’ contributions

Discharge and old age insurance


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2019 Parameter values

Average earnings/yr


131 626

Secretariat estimate

Unit of Measure and Update



Income tax





6 942.21



58 922.17

3 460.01


103 550.45

8 315.57


120 372.84

11 007.14


144 119.24

15 262.49


290 667.76

46 565.26


458 132.30

85 952.92


874 650.01

210 908.23


1 166 200.01

304 204.21


3 498 600.01

1 097 220.21


Tax credit basic



4 884.24

21 227.53

4 881.96

31 840.57

4 879.44

41 674.09

4 713.24

42 454.45

4 589.52

53 353.81

4 250.76

56 606.17

3 898.44

64 025.05

3 535.56

74 696.05

3 042.48

85 366.81

2 611.32

88 587.97


Employees SSC





Employers SSC







2019 Tax equations

The equations for the Mexican system in 2019 are on an individual basis.

The functions which are used in the equations (Taper, MIN, Tax etc) are described in the technical note about tax equations. Variable names are defined in the table of parameters above, within the equations table, or are the standard variables “married” and “children”. A reference to a variable with the affix “_total” indicates the sum of the relevant variable values for the principal and spouse. And the affixes “_princ” and “_spouse” indicate the value for the principal and spouse, respectively. Equations for a single person are as shown for the principal, with “_spouse” values taken as 0.

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Line in country table and intermediate steps

Variable name










MIN(earn, MIN(earn*(6/365)*0.25, UMA*15)+ MIN(earn*(15/365), UMA*30))


Credits in taxable income





CG taxable income





CG tax before credits



Tax(tax_inc, Tax_sch)


Tax credits



VLOOKUP(tax_inc, Basic_crd, 2)


CG tax





State and local taxes





Employees' soc security



MIN(earn*ssc_rate, UMA*25*365*ssc_rate)+MIN(Positive(earn-(3*365*UMA))*ssc_rate_sur, UMA*(25-3)*365*ssc_rate_sur)


Cash transfers





Employer's soc security



MIN(earn*ssc_empr, UMA*25*365*ssc_empr)+365*UMA*ssc_empr_min

+MIN(Positive(earn-(3*365*UMA))*ssc_empr_sur, UMA*(25-3)*365*ssc_empr_sur)

Memorandum item: Non-wastable tax credit

tax expenditure component




cash transfer component



IF(CG_tax<0, -CG_tax, 0)

Key to range of equation B calculated separately for both principal earner and spouse P calculated for principal only (value taken as 0 for spouse calculation).


← 1. For 2019, the value of the UMA is 84.49, mean while the general minimum wage is 102.68 and 176.72 in the northern border region. The municipalities constituting the northern border region are as follows: Ensenada, Playas de Rosarito, Tijuana, Tecate and Mexicali in the state of Baja California; San Luis Río Colorado, Puerto Peñasco, General Plutarco Elías Calles, Caborca, Altar, Sáric, Nogales, Santa Cruz, Cananea, Naco and Agua Prieta in the state of Sonora; Janos, Ascensión, Juárez, Praxedis G. Guerrero, Guadalupe, Coyame del Sotol, Ojinaga and Manuel Benavides in the state of Chihuahua; Ocampo, Acuña, Zaragoza, Jiménez, Piedras Negras, Nava, Guerrero and Hidalgo in the state of Coahuila de Zaragoza; Anáhuac in the state of Nuevo León, and Nuevo Laredo; Guerrero, Mier, Miguel Alemán, Camargo, Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Reynosa, Río Bravo, Valle Hermoso and Matamoros in the state of Tamaulipas.

← 2. The amount of the work injury fee depends on the risk level in which the company is classified. The Mexican Institute of Social Security provided a weighted average rate that considers the economic activities from C to K of the International Standard Classification.

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