Mexico

Mexico is committed to promoting international development co-operation and its effectiveness to achieve global and national goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals. The Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID) co-ordinates Mexico’s international development co-operation actions and generates the necessary instruments and tools for the planning, monitoring and evaluation of result-oriented co-operation that is transparent and consistent with the effectiveness principles.

Mexico is engaged in multiple international co-operation modalities, delivered mostly through the implementation of South-South and triangular co-operation projects, to bring development and positive impact solutions, mostly to the Latin American and Caribbean regions. Furthermore, Mexico is interested in development co-operation mechanisms that enhance multi-stakeholder partnerships, including, for example, with partners from the private sector, civil society, academia, local governments and international organisations. With the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in mind, Mexico contributes to the systematisation of South-South and triangular co-operation practices and to the adaptation of the internationally agreed Development Effectiveness Principles to the southern context.

In responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, Mexico reacted quickly in aligning its South-South and triangular co-operation programmes to the new reality and priorities of its partners when the pandemic hit in March 2020. As a beneficiary of co-operation, Mexico benefited from the support of other countries and international organisations to tackle the health, social and economic effects created by the pandemic.

Mexico is an Adherent to the OECD Recommendation of the Council for Development Co-operation Actors on Managing the Risk of Corruption and to the OECD Recommendation of the Council on Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development. In 2019, Mexico participated in the LAC-DAC Dialogue on Development Co-operation and the DAC Senior-level Meeting. Mexico hosted the first High-level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation and is a founding member of the core group of the Global Partnership Initiative on Effective Triangular Co-operation.

The 2011 Law on International Co-operation for Development (LCID, by its abbreviation in Spanish) mandated the federal government to set up a national system for international development co-operation, including a co-operation agency (AMEXCID), a public policy programme, a National Registry of International Cooperation for Development (RENCID) and the National Fund of International Cooperation for Development, as well as the tools necessary to programme, co-ordinate, implement, monitor, report and evaluate development co-operation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has overall responsibility for Mexico’s development co-operation agenda in its dual role as provider and beneficiary of co-operation, which is co-ordinated by AMEXCID and implemented by a wide variety of public institutions, under the premise of co-operation based on results and people-centred approaches.

In order to accomplish the LCID, AMEXCID co-ordinates the data collection platform RENCID, on which Mexican institutions register their co-operation actions, including: technical and scientific co-operation projects; scholarships to foreigners; and contributions to international organisations, financial co-operation and humanitarian aid provided by Mexico. Moreover, Mexico makes its information on international development co-operation publicly available through the annual Mexican Quantification Report based on the RENCID database and the Cooperation Catalogue that collects qualitative and quantitative data on the supply of development co-operation.

AMEXCID prepared Mexico’s national Program of International Co-operation for Development (PROCID) for the period 2021-24 in consultation with all of the federal government’s agencies, and for the first time with the input of civil society organisations, academia and the private sector, keeping at the centre of its goals progress on the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

According to OECD estimates, using the OECD-DAC methodology,1 Mexico’s contributions to multilateral organisations reached USD 72.8 million in 2019. For reference, total estimated development co-operation by Mexico totalled USD 57.6 million in 2018.

Mexico accounts for its development co-operation through a self-developed methodology2 (with the support of the OECD DAC), reflecting the specific characteristics of South-South co-operation and, more recently, adding triangular co-operation with multiple stakeholders. Using this methodology of valuing South-South co-operation, preliminary figures for Mexico’s development co-operation totalled USD 140 million in 2018, down from USD 317.6 million in 2017. The 2018 Mexican co-operation figures will be released in 2021, and the 2019 quantification exercise is still ongoing.

Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID): https://www.gob.mx/amexcid

AMEXCID (2019), Monitoring Exercise in South-South Cooperation Effectiveness: Final Report, Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation, Mexico, https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/447837/EJERCICIO_DE_MONITOREO_2019-eng.pdf.

Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (2019), “Mexico’s approach to monitoring the effectiveness of development co-operation”, blog, https://www.effectivecooperation.org/content/unique-approach-monitoring-effectiveness-development-co-operation-lessons-mexico-0.

Member of the OECD since 1994. Not a member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

Notes

← 1. This includes organisations that have a developmental mandate or else the developmental share of organisations that do not work exclusively on development. Data for bilateral co-operation by Mexico was not available at the time of writing.

← 2. The Mexican methodology for the quantification of international development co-operation includes disbursements on: technical and scientific co-operation; scholarships for foreign students from developing countries; co-operation channeled through multilateral institutions that are focused on promoting development; reimbursable financial co-operation (only the grant element of loans); other non-reimbursable financial co-operation; and humanitarian aid. It also includes the value of its technical co-operation based on the exchange of public servants who share their experience on the implementation of public policies, institutional or technical management models, or technology developed and/or improved in Mexico.

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